Master's Thesis, 2011, 40 Pages
The concept of leadership is as old as the birth of human on the earth. Our prophet Hazrat Mohammed (S.A.W) leaded us towards our goal that’s Jannat. When organizations became an entity and many people get together to achieve a goal, a leader is needed to lead them. Dwight D. Eisenhower, “Leadership: the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it.”
In the light of history and the evaluation of organizations I can see that leadership is playing very important role in achieving goals and outputs. Looking into the quote of Ken I come to know why leadership is necessary for an organization to succeed. Ken Ogbonnia (2007), “Effective leadership is the ability to successfully integrate and maximize available resources within the internal and external environment for the attainment of organizational or societal goals.” As I see that leadership is an important part of our society and organizations but how to do leadership. To answer this question many management scientists and theorists defined some styles or taught to be followed.
Kurt Lewin a popular management scientist first introduced the below leadership styles, Autocratic or authoritarian leadership style; in this style of leadership all the decisions are completely taken by the leader himself. No input is taken by the team or group. The leader can be called as the dictator leader. The leader actually tells employee what to do and very closely supervises them. (Robert N. Lussier, Christopher F. Achua 2009).
Participative or democratic leadership style; in this style of leadership the leader involve the team in decision making process. He consults them and then gives instructions. He work with employees what to do, and does not closely supervise them. (Robert N. Lussier, Christopher F. Achua 2009). Laissez‐faire or free rein leadership style, in this style the leader does not lead, but leaves the group entirely to itself; the leader gives the maximum independence to subordinates, actually they are free to make their own policies and methods. The leader plays a passive role in group affairs, and usually takes part in decision when things are initiated by the team. (Philip Sadler 2003) Another popular style which I have taken in consideration was first introduced by James MacGregor Burns in 1978; he called it as the Transformational style. It was then extended by Bernard M. Bass in 1885. According to Burns, transformational leadership can be seen when “leaders and followers make each other to advance to a higher level of moral and motivation." Through the strength of their vision and personality, transformational leaders are able to inspire followers to change expectations, perceptions and motivations to work towards common goals. Bass also divided the
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I started thinking about the impact of leadership as my professional career started. What I actually analyze that the leadership behavior has great impact on its follower. I was looking into the progress of giant companies such as Apple. I read about this in an article of Harvard Business Publishing written by William C. Taylor he said, “How many corporate executives can make a legitimate claim to have reshaped not just one industry but four: computing (the Mac), music (the iPod), mobile communications (the iPhone), and movies (Pixar).”
This means that the leadership of Steve making Apple more effective as whole. Steve is coming with some steps or things like that that is why the company is progressing robustly. The effectiveness of organization can be termed as how much the customer of organization trusts on it, how big the market share of organization in products and services and people are willing to use and work with the organization. The example of Apple fits here that when person wants a classy thing he must buy Apple product. This shows the effectiveness of Apple. According to previous research leadership style is very important factor which affects the organizational effectiveness (Min‐Huei, Chien).
This tells us that the leadership style is related to the effectiveness of organization in IT industry as well. This urges me to study the leadership style or mixture of styles which are followed by them. Modify them according to our local industry and environment so that I also progress like them. I am working in local IT sector, also worked with different companies, but when I compare them with big companies they are far away from them. So the rationale of my study is to decide a comprehensive style of leadership which progress the organizations in our local IT industry. According to definition of leadership the leadership style basically motivate people. Motivated people are more creative and productive and this makes the organization more effective as whole entity.
I think my work will be useful for new and old IT organizations in local sector.
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