Permanent immigration. A threat to Europe?


Facharbeit (Schule), 2016
14 Seiten, Note: 1,7

Leseprobe

Table of Contents

1
1.1 A brief review of the history:
1.2 What do the terms mean?

2
2.1 Actual situation in countries of origin of the refugees
2.2 Why originated the refugee crisis, who was the trigger in Syria?
2.3 Facts and figures about the size of the refugee flows
2.4 The right of asylum in the Federal Republic of Germany
2.5 Asylum procedures and distribution of refugees in Germany
2.6 Asylum procedures and distribution of refugees in Great Britain
2.7 Benefits for refugees in Germany
2.8 Benefits for refugees in Great Britain

3
3.1 What are the consequences of the refugee crisis?
3.2 Xenophobic violence against refugees in Germany
3.3 More crime by migrants?
3.4 The economy needs a strong immigration?

4
4.1 Frequently asked questions
4.2 Against ignorance, prejudice and racism what can you do?

5 Conclusion and summary

6 References

Quotes

Pictures

In my professional work, I am dealing with the refugee crisis in Europe and the question if this constitutes a threat. This will be clarified by examples of the current situation.

To find a better introduction to the topic, and to create a basis for my subsequent investigations, I will explain primarily the history of refugee movement and terms such as "asylum seekers". This should help to understanding the text. In the next chapter, I try to clarify the question why many people flee based on examples of the situation in the countries of origin. For this, I give back the reasons for the flight before I go to the development of the number of asylum seekers. Because the number of refugees is not yet finalized before the deadline of my professional work, my findings amount only to actual results. Therefore, they relate only to possible, but not on clearly outcome of the refugee crisis. Because in my opinion, it is a great significance to clarify general and frequently asked questions of the population, how far an Islamization in Europe threatens. I decided, this explain in more detail, to gain a better understanding about why it ever comes to conflicts. To conclude I will briefly explain the potential impact of the influx of illegal migrants to Europe. I would like to tell any possible solutions to this problem.

1

1.1 A brief review of the history:

Flight and expulsion exists for a long time, strictly speaking since the humanity. The reasons for the flight to Europe are manifold for example: wars, crop failures, persecution or economic hardship, environmental disasters or lack of life perspectives. "We live in a century of refugees."[2] About 250 million people have fled in the last century. Furthermore, they have been expelled and deported, because of racial, religious and political differences such as Kurds. Another example would be the National Socialism and the persecution of Jews. Today, the refugee problem has developed definitively to a global problem. No one can close more their eyes to the mass influx of refugees. Refugees from Africa, Asia, South America and Europe come to Germany. Every fourth foreigners living in Germany is now a fugitive.

1.2 What do the terms mean?

By Asylum law is meant the right to ensure a safe location to refuge from persecution. The reasons were political, racial, religious or other reasons.

A refugee is, by definition, a person who resides outside of their home country. Because in their homeland people are at risk of persecution by their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a social group.

An asylum seeker is a refugee who has applied for asylum at the border or at an immigration office. Refugees have a legal right to remain in the country until a decision is made.

If the application is acknowledged by Federal Office. And the refugees are recognized by a court as a victim of political persecution by the Basic Law. So, we speak about a person entitled to asylum.

An Economic migrant has moved to another country for example Germany to work. They could be legally or illegally resident. It depends on how they entered the country. The migrant may or may not have a legal work permit.

2

2.1 Actual situation in countries of origin of the refugees

Main countries of origin of asylum seekers were in the first place Syria, followed by Afghanistan and Kosovo. In 2015 occurred an increased flight of Syrians to Europe. The reason is the war, which does not want to stop (see illustration five). In addition, refugees have no place of refuge. Because, for example, in Turkey the refugees have no perspective. They may not work legally there. In Syria have fled about 4.6 million Syrians in July 2015. Over 8 million live as refugees in their own country. About 12 million are dependent on humanitarian aid. In Albania, prevails discrimination and violence against the Roma minority, blood feuds and violence against women. In addition, the population lives in poverty. Albania has also a high unemployment rate. She is around 17%. As a result, many people especially, young people flee to the rich countries to work, because they are afraid about their future. The influx from the Balkans have fallen strongly since the summer 2015. Afghanistan and Pakistan are very unstable politically. In Afghanistan, the Taliban have won again the influence in the country. The Islamic State spreads throughout the country. In parts of Pakistan, there is a national conflict. There is daily violence against women and religious minorities. In other states, such as in Ukraine. Since 2014 there is war, where many people flee, because they are afraid and worried about their future.

2.2 Why originated the refugee crisis, who was the trigger in Syria?

In the summer of 2015, Europe has seen the greatest influx of refugees since the Second World War. Why? Syria is located in the Middle East. It is an ancient, fertile land, existing at least for 10,000 years. The country is ruled by the Al-Assad family since the 1960s. The government is a dictatorship. Because of this there was the “Arab Spring” in 2011. The “Arab Spring” was a revolutionary wave of protests and conflicts in the Arab world, which has plunged many authoritarian regimes. The Assad family refused to cede and started a brutal civil war. Various ethnic and religious groups fought each other in changing coalitions. ISIS, a military group of jihadists, took the opportunity, with the aim to establish a totalitarian, Islamic caliphate. It has quickly become the most violent and successful extremist organization in the earth. All participants have tortured and killed many civilians. The Syrian population was caught between the regime, rebels and religious extremists. One third of the Syrian population has been displaced within Syria, while more than 4 million have fled (see Illustration three and four).

2.3 Facts and figures about the size of the refugee flows

UN and world food program were not prepared for a refugee crisis of this size. The result is that many refugee camps are overcrowded and inadequately equipped, why people delivered from hunger, cold and disease. The Syrians have lost hope that their situation in the near future will get better, that's why many have chosen to seek asylum in Europe. Between 2007 and 2014 the EU has invested 2 billion euros in defense, security technology, and border surveillance, but not in the preparation of the refugees. Therefore, they were poorly prepared for the onslaught. The refugees in the country must remain in the EU, where he arrived first. This has put enormous pressure on the borderlands for example Greece. In the middle of an economic crisis, Greece was not able to take care of so many people. The world had to pull together and act as a joint force, but instead she divided more and more. Many countries have refused to take refugees. Therefore, they left the border countries alone with the problem. 2014 the United Kingdom supported to stop a major search and rescue operation called Mare Nostrum which was intended to protect asylum seekers to drown in the sea. The idea was that a higher death rate of asylum seekers would discourage travel to Europe. Of course, this did not happen. On the contrary, the attitude towards the crisis has changed worldwide, as pictures of a dead boy from Syria was published with the face in the sand in Turkey.

The majority of refugees remain in neighboring countries. For example, Lebanon there is almost every fourth inhabitant a refugee. In Europe, Germany takes up the majority of refugees. But measured by population, the countries for example Austria and Sweden take up more refugees. Approximately 30,000 refugees have drowned, starving, died of thirst, died of cold or hypothermia, suffocated in trucks or were killed while crossing minefields since 2000. About 33% of the refugees came to Germany since 2014. Then the refugees were distributed to the federal states. The federal government expects an influx of 800,000 asylum seekers in the year 2015. Other forecasts expected an increase from 1.2 to 1.5 million refugees for 2015. About 10% of the refugees came to France. In the next two years come more than 24,000 refugees to France. About 4.1 million refugees are registered in other States for example in Turkey there are 1.9 million refugees, in Lebanon 1.1 million, in Jordan 0.6 million, in Iraq 0,25 million, in Egypt 0.13 million and in Libya 0.02 million refugees. About 10% of refugees came to Italy that are more than 30000 asylum applications. About 90000 illegal refugees cross the border. To Sweden came about 13% of refugees, that are 81300 people. The additional costs of the increased number of applicants it amounted to 7.4 billion euros. Sweden has a small population, but they accommodate many refugees. About 4, 5% of refugees came to Austria that are about 37000 people. 78% of the applicants were male and 22% female. The United Kingdom accommodate 5.1% of asylum applications in the EU. The state responded skeptical to asylum seekers and did not take part, for example, in the rescue of European navies for boat people in the Mediterranean because the government was feared that more and more refugees come to Europe. About 1, 5 % of refugees came to Greece in the year 2014. Greece is also in a difficult situation. They have an economic crisis. To Poland arrived only 1.3% of asylum seekers. The government does not want to accommodate refugees, especially Muslims. Poland is like Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia against the refugee distribution in their countries. The wealthy Arab states Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait accommodate no Syrian refugees. What has been described by Amnesty International as very shameful. Saudi Arabia has agreed to build 200 mosques for the Syrian refugees in Germany. Other countries such as the United States took up 1,500 refugees in the year of 2015. The United States have anti-terror laws, therefore Refugees must be checked extensively, if they belong to a terrorist group.

2.4 The right of asylum in the Federal Republic of Germany

The right of asylum emerged since 1993. With the year 1993, there were great changes in German asylum law. The present article 16a GG reads: (1) politically persecuted enjoy asylum.

2.5 Asylum procedures and distribution of refugees in Germany

If an asylum application is submitted, the Federal Office for migration and refugees check first the Dublin Regulations. Then the country makes a decision in which country the asylum procedure will carry out. In a personal consultation the asylum seekers can explain their reasons for the asylum application for example in Germany.

If another EU Member State is responsible for the implementation of the asylum procedure, so the refugees should be deported. After a stay of a maximum of 3 months the refugees be distributed by the (Königsteiner Schlüssel) in the cities. The average duration of an asylum procedure is currently about six months.

2.6 Asylum procedures and distribution of refugees in Great Britain

The UK has a very unscrupulous asylum system and it is also not efficient. Great Britain have a distribution system that people spread over the whole country. The refugees have no influence on the choice of location. People can be partially torn from family structures and separated from any support networks. The average duration of an asylum procedure is currently about one year.

2.7 Benefits for refugees in Germany

Asylum seekers get what they need for daily life. They get basic services for food, housing, heating, clothing, health and personal care, household goods in the household. Also, pocket money for personal needs in daily life. There are benefits for sickness, pregnancy and birth in special circumstances and medical care. This result, for example, for a single person / single parents get 362 euros. Asylum seekers get only a German course, when they have a specific residence permit. The children of asylum seekers are entitled to a cribs or kindergarten. This is also supported financially. Children and young people are subject to the compulsory education. After a school graduation juvenile asylum seeker may also start an education. After a successful completion of the training refugees can grant a residence permit. What about work? During the asylum procedure, there are generally no jobs and training permit in the first three months. Work is possible if the Federal Employment Agency has consented of the immigration office of Labour. Only after four years is a free access possible to the labour market.

2.8 Benefits for refugees in Great Britain

A refugee gets nearly 37 pounds (50 euros) per week. Asylum seekers have in the UK access to national Healthcare system. Children between the ages five and 17 years are entitled to a free education.

3

3.1 What are the consequences of the refugee crisis?

The state for example Germany increased his expenses on facilities for asylum seekers. The costs of housing and care will arise to 12,000 euros per person per year. That would be overspending by 5.4 billion euros, or nearly 0.2 percent of the expected 2015 nominal gross domestic product.

3.2 Xenophobic violence against refugees in Germany

In Germany there have been several arson attacks on asylum seekers accommodation. Many protests were happening in Freital, Heidenau and Dresden.

3.3 More crime by migrants?

There are no figures that would confirm this prejudice. But the living conditions of many refugees, the prohibition of work and the resulting boredom is a factor that can lead to crime.

3.4 The economy needs a strong immigration?

Yes, say associations and analysts. In Germany there are so many vacancies. Currently 574,000 places are officially reported and unoccupied. But in the labour market are about 2,8 million unemployed, because many companies have problems to find a worker with the qualifications that they need. Also, the Institute for Economic Research in Halle assumes that the German labour market is increasingly influenced by migration processes. The institute expects around 128,000 additional people of working age.

4

4.1 Frequently asked questions

Why many refugees have cell phones? Nowadays, many people use the communication via mobile phones around the world. Refugees need mobile phones to have contact with their relatives and families at home. The phone has also a GPS. It is hardly possible to cross without a mobile phone the long and often dangerous crisis areas to Europe. If you had to go on a dangerous journey, would you like to leave your smartphone?

Many refugees are well dressed. How is that possible? The clothes come from donations by the citizens. The commitment and the willingness to help are very large. Associations like Diakonie or Caritas, make these donated clothing free available.

4.2 Against ignorance, prejudice and racism what can you do?

“Contradict prejudices confidently with facts. Sometimes, a word message in a meeting is enough to turn the mood.

Pay attention to the power of words. If politicians call alarming the number of asylum aplications or speak of refugee flows, this trigger the fears. Objectively many terms are inappropriate and even wrong. Therefore, remind media and others!

Write letters and Internet postings to newspaper, radio and television reports. Especially on the Internet are spreading unchecked foolishness and hatred. Put findings and humanity against.

Show flag. Work against racial incitement to interrupting hate and violence.

Forge alliances. Talk to people from institutions that you trust, that they make themselves strong against racism: From the church, political parties and trade unions, the cultural or education or sport. Connect yourself with refugee groups.

Have courage to the civil courage without endangering themselves. In case of emergency, call the police. Expose racist incidents if the concerned person is agreed. Anti-discrimination offices can help.” [4]

5 Conclusion and summary

By dealing with the topic, I concluded. I can absolutely negate the issue: if a permanent immigration threatening a danger to Europe. Because evidence show that only a fraction of refugees coming to Europe. There are fears the Western world: Islam, high birth rates, crime and the collapse of the social system. If the EU would accommodate all 4 million refugees and 100% of them were Muslims, it would still only rise from 4% to 5%. This is not a drastic change and would not constitute a Muslim continent. A Muslim minority is neither new nor a reason to be afraid. The dates of birth are low in many areas of the West, nevertheless many Europeans fear that asylum seekers would take over the population in a few decades. Studies have shown that even if the birth rates among Muslims are higher in Europe, they adapt to the standard of living and level of education. Most Syrian refugees have already been educated and the birth rate was not high before the war in Syria and in fact the population was less and no more. The EU is the wealthiest group of economies in the world, well-organized states with functioning social system, infrastructure, democracy and big industries. They can manage the refugee crisis, if it wants. The same can be said about the whole western world. While the small Jordan has accommodated 600,000 refugees. The United Kingdom, which have 78 times BP of Jordan, has accommodate only 20,000. That is very shameful. The USA accept 10,000 refugees and Australia 12000. Overall, it gets better, but not fast enough. We are writing history now. How do we want to be remembered? As a xenophobe, rich cowards behind fences? "Even high fences, borders and oceans keep them not from fleeing." We need to understand that these people who flee from death and destruction, are no different than us. We must accept the refugees in our countries and we must integrate them into our societies. So, we can gain a lot. We only lose when we ignore the crisis. There are more dead children on beaches (see Illustration 2), if we do not act with humanity and intelligence. We must act correctly. Because "The foreigner deserves the same love, kindness, compassion, tolerance, charity as our own brothers and sisters." (A quote from Rolf Indiaander) [1] There are nevertheless hatred and violence. Hatred and violence on the Internet and on the street. Hatred and violence against people who have left their homeland.in search of help. It's time to stand up and show the new face of Europe. Luckily, there are many helpful people. They support refugees through donations of money and things. But there are also countries like the UK where people want to help but are not supported by the government. “The helpfulness of the British population against fugitives seems great. Around 100,000 people marched through London on 12 September to express their solidarity with refugees. But the government responded more than inadequate.” (says Zoe Gardner of the organization Asylum Aid) [3] Improving the situation in the countries of origin is essential, but not an alleviation for the coming years. Combating causes of flight and shelter the refugees must be parallel. Of course, the refugee crisis carries dangers. The terrorist attacks are a good example on 13 November in Paris. 130 people were killed. This caused panic and hatred against refugees. The terrorist attacks were conducted and planned of the Islamic State (IS).

[...]

Ende der Leseprobe aus 14 Seiten

Details

Titel
Permanent immigration. A threat to Europe?
Note
1,7
Autor
Jahr
2016
Seiten
14
Katalognummer
V424797
ISBN (eBook)
9783668704237
ISBN (Buch)
9783668704244
Dateigröße
855 KB
Sprache
Deutsch
Schlagworte
Referat, Facharbeit, Englisch, Immigration, English, Topic, Essay, Aufsatz, Flüchtlinge, Flüchtlingskrise, Europa
Arbeit zitieren
Alexander Owtscharenko (Autor), 2016, Permanent immigration. A threat to Europe?, München, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/424797

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