Factors Responsible for Aggressive Behaviour Among Students in Anambra State on their Academic Performance

Academic Paper, 2022

12 Pages, Grade: 5



The paper sought to identify the factor responsible for aggressive behaviour among secondary school student in Anambra State as a correlate to their academic performance. The study adopted correlation survey design. The population of the study was all the 259 guidance and counseling teachers in all the public secondary school in the state. One research questions and one null hypotheses guided the study. A 17-item questionnaire was used for data collection. Analysis was done using mean scores and standard deviation was use to answer the question using independent t-test at 0.05 level of significance. The analysis revealed the following: the family background, regular conflict, at home, peer group influence, poor self concept, drug addiction and mass media are some factors responsible for aggressive behaviour among secondary school students. the study recommend that parents should be role model, have good relationship with their children, know the kind of friends their children keep, be careful with the kind of films and book their children are exposed to.

Keywords : Aggressive Behaviour, Factors Responsible for Aggressive Behaviour, Effects of Aggressive Behaviors , Secondary School Students


Aggressiveness among senior secondary student is deteriorating by the day. Especially the SS3 students after WAEC and NECO exams. it has been observed that student in Nigeria secondary schools environment commit various forms deviant behavior and aggression. Nwankwo (2018) noted that a close look at magazines and mass media shows that incidence of past and present rioting in secondary schools is caused by aggressive behavior of students. In most cases, aggression becomes a trigger that seems to ignite other form of deviant behavior in school.

Furthermore, they maintained that socio-economic status, gender and peer group influence among others help to aggravate aggressive behaviours in secondary schools in Anambra State. To Ofojebe (2020) and Nwankwo (2018). These aggressive behaviours are rampant and it prevents the smooth running of the school activities.

Aggressive behaviours in secondary school, students also been observed to be an influential factor in the academic performance of secondary school students. Ofojebe (2020) and Eze (2019) righty observed that students with aggressive behaviours are ranked low in academic performance at schools when compared to students without such behaviours.

In Anambra State, the extent to which aggressive behaviours term to hinder the progress of academic achievement of students in schools is alarming. Thus, it has been a source of concern to Government and the entire public in the Area. Consequent upon the above, the research therefore investigated the factor responsible for aggressive behaviours among secondary school student in Anambra state.

Aggressive Behavior

Hornby (2016), defined aggressive as an attack, quarrel, or war perpetrated intentionally. Walter (2011) remarked that aggressiveness is any behavior aimed at inflicting injuries or harm on others, and that aggressive behavior always have a victim. He further remarkedthat aggressive in the school environment is characterized by the infliction of injury or distress upon innocent student and include physical act of violence and destruction of properties as well insult, consider aggressive behavior as any act of behavior the is intended to any act of behavior that is intended to harm or injure. Also it was noted the aggression is minimal to friendly social interaction, and may become maladjustive when the right and wishes of others are ignored or abridge.

Remarking further, they observe that social interaction of student in any academic environment is marked by aggressive conflict ridden behavior.

Aggressive behavior of student in secondary school has been perceived to be caused by a number of several factors. Steinberg (2017) observed that factors such as broken home and family stabilities, poor academic environment, peer group influence, personal inadequacies and hereditary are equally responsible for aggressive behavior among student Blair, Stewart and Ray (2012) remarked, that student may be stimulated by his/her inability to meet his/her need to behave aggressively.

Thus aggressive behavior may be as a result of stimulation from the economic environment. This notion is supported by Miller (2013) who noted that individual may react aggressively due to frustration resulting from blocked goals.

Aggressive behaviors of individual have also been perceived to be influenced by watching the behavior of other people. Banding, Rose and Ross (2016) pointed out that student may learn aggressively by watching the behavior of other. Also, aggressive have been perceived to result from innate or in born urges (Lorenz, 2011) the concept of aggressive behavior is used in many different contexts. Importantly, it has been applied to animal behavior as well as human behavior. It is used to describe personality and attitudes, as well as to characterize behavior in both children and adult. When aggression is used in medical filed, is often linked to a mental disorder, such as epilepsy (Tebartz, 2012). It also is used action of a nation (rather than the individual) against another (Nordstrom 2004, Satterfield and Seligman, 2013) and in sport to denote strongly competitive behavior. Sometime aggressive is used in a every context to denote force but legitimate action of other business e.g., the (aggressive salesman). The significance of aggressive for the nursing professional cannot be overemphasized; it links person environment health/illness, and health outcome.

Specially, physical aggressive can result in violence and injury. Nurse in the hospital emergency unit face the consequences of negative aggressive every day. Nurses are physical assaulted, threatened, and verbally abused more often than other professionals.

Delinquency is basically a legal and relative term which refers to the breaking of the law of a particular country. An act therefore may make an adolescent delinquent in one country, but not necessarily in another. However, there are certain behaviuors such as stealing and killing that are considered as violating the social and moral norms of most societies. For quite a long time, the issue of juvenile delinquency has become a great concern to Nigerian secondary schools, especially in Enugu North. Studies have shown that juvenile delinquency is rampant among junior secondary school students due to a number of cause which, according to Adeshina (2009) and Sunday (2017) include; parents’ attitudes towards their children, the community, social class, frustration, peer group, foreign ideas, poverty, illiteracy, among others.


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Factors Responsible for Aggressive Behaviour Among Students in Anambra State on their Academic Performance
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factors, responsible, aggressive, behaviour, among, students, anambra, state, academic, performance
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Cresantus Biamba (Author), 2022, Factors Responsible for Aggressive Behaviour Among Students in Anambra State on their Academic Performance, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/1225435


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