1. Pavlov 13
2. Pavlovian dog Introduction
Brave New World (published in1932) has become one of the most famous pieces of science fiction literature.
This book written by Aldous Huxley concentrates on the development of mankind in a future society.
The author makes use of many scientific aspects which were hardly developed at the time of writing this book. He depicts a society which is supposed to be a perfect one. In this paper I am going to analyze whether this living together of human beings can really be called a perfect society.
The length of this paper being limited, it is not possible to give a detailed analysis of all aspects Huxley concentrates on. It must be focused on only one topic. I chose an analysis of the society the people live in. As Huxley makes use of the latest developments in science some people might have thought that this society must be ideal.
My main aim in this paper will be to outline Huxley´s society and to show that this way of living together has many disadvantages.
1. The structure of the Brave New World
To be able to evaluate the society of the Brave New World it is necessary to sum up the main elements of this future society.
The structure of the Brave New World has one motto that is community, identity and stability, which are the pillars of this society. Nobody is a “real” individualindividual behaviour is one of the greatest dangers this model of society has to cope with. One very important fact is the complete control of the development of each member of society. This control does not start with a birth of the people, everyone gets his place in the society before he or she is born. People don´t reproduce in the normal way they are produced in big factories. Huxley no longer speaks of the birth of human beings, he calls it decanting, because people are bred in bottles. To protect and to save this motto they need many helpful things to keep the society alive and especially to control it. The most important means to achieve this are the Bokanovsky-Process, Conditioning - by making use of the rules of Pavlov, the drug
But Ford instead of “God” does not only stand for Henry Ford it also stands for Sigmund Freud. He got the first views into the subciounceness of the human beings. He found out how you can manipulate the subconsciousness and what it means for the behaviour of people. With these insights into human beings’ minds they can build the society. The people who are created in bottles on the assembly line and the knowledge how to manipulate human behaviour. That is important knowledge for the society to keep it alive an safe. So it seems to be a suitable explanation that these two important figures are coined to be the “God” of this new society.
2. What happens when you don´t fit in the society?
In this chapter I will present some characters of the novel, who are very intelligent and think “too much” about their lives in the society so that they are dangerous for the society. They behave as individuals and do not want to be part of anything. They want to be free and so they have to be sent to another place where they cannot endanger the society. And in this way they are eliminated. 2.1 The savage reservations, John, Bernard and Helmholtz - Watson The savage reservations are outside of the society, so that the people who live there don´t have any contacts to the civilization. In these reservations the people live like cows on a free land with an electrified fence, so that they cannot leave this territory. There live people who are born in the normal way, not decanted out of bottles. They live a life you know from the indians with religion and indian rituals. One of these people is John; he lives in a savage reservation, his mother, Feline once lived in the civilization and his father is still the director of the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. Feline had to leave the civilization because of her pregnancy.
Feline has many problems in this reservation, because she is conditioned to make love to the men she wants to. So she often has problems, because in the reservation men and women are married and she commits adultery when she has affairs with several husbands, because she is a permanent danger for the married women. She
As you can see in the chapter above there are persons in the society who are not satisfied with the structure of the Brave New World. They want to behave as individual persons and don´t want to be part of a big group. They cannot do this, because of the use of different means to control and influence the individuals. Only being part of groups or castes hinders these people from developing their own identity. Offending the rules leads to punishment, which can even result in the elimination of these people.
This is one point why I think you cannot call this society a “perfect” one. Intellectual behaviour is a dangerous thing in the society, but Alphas and Betas - the only human beings who have the copacity to reflect on their behaviour - are needed to run and organize the system.
But even these groups are not allowed to modify the system. They can only do things which stabalize the structure of this future society. To be “perfect” members they are conditioned and become addicts of Soma, which makes them keep the rules. So for them life always seems to be positive; they never get to know negative aspects of life. So in a way they can´t see the deficiencies of the Brave New World. You only can be happy when there are also bad sides in life - which enable you to learn and experience your own identity (e.g. the death of a friend and the resulting mourning). You need bad sides in life to appreciate the good sides.
The assembly line where they produce the members of the society is a point which doesn´t convince in ethical views.
To control and manipulate the intellect of an individiual person by the reduction of oxygen to keep the intellect at a low level, is abject in ethical view. You can say it is mutilation of the unborn child. That cannot be the basis for a society. The children grow up without parents, without love and the security of a parental home; they are conditioned by electric shocks and alarm bells. That cannot be the way to show a child what is wrong and what is right. They are socialized with the help
are types and not individuals, they don´t develop and are addicted to happiness. This happiness is superficial, static and inhuman. Living in such a world is senseless, and there is no goal to aim at. People can´t find their identity, they don´t reflect on the sense of life.
List of literature
1. Huxley, A., Brave New World, London, 1980² 2. http://mason.gmu.edv/~tburgio/huxley.htm 3. http://digischool.bart.nl/files/en/boek.078 4. http://schulhilfen.com/referate/refbio/refbiok001.asp// 5. http://paedpsych.jk.uni-linz.ac.ac:4711/ 6. http://www.alexpage.de/sf