Influence of Social Media on the Academic Performance of Students in Federal College of Education Omuku Rivers State, Nigeria


Academic Paper, 2021

66 Pages, Grade: 4.5


Excerpt

Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1. Background of the Study
1.2. Statement of the Problem
1.3. Purpose of the Study
1.4. Research Questions
1.5. Research Hypothesis
1.6. Significance of the Study
1.7. Scope of the Study
1.8. Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1. Conceptual Framework
2.2. Theoretical Framework
2.3. Review of Related Empirical Studies
2.4. Summary of Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1. Research Design
3.2 Area of the Study
3.3 Population for the Study
3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques
3.5. Instrument for Data Collection
3.6. Validation of the Instrument
3.7. Reliability of the Instrument
3.8. Method of Data Collection
3.9. Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1. Data Presentation and Analysis
4.2. Summary of Findings
4.3. Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDIES
5.1. Problem and Objective of the Study
5.2. Procedures Used
5.3. Major Findings
5.4. Implications of the Findings
5.5. Conclusion
5.6. Recommendations
5.7. Limitations of the Study
5.8. Suggestions for Further Studies

REFERENCES

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1. Background of the Study

Social networks have evolved over the years to the modern-day variety which use digital media. However, the social media isn’t that new. In addition, it didn’t start with the computer but instead with the telephone. During the 1950s, phone phreaking, the term used for the rogue searching of the telephone network, began. This process was accomplished through the use of homemade electronic devices that facilitated unauthorized access to the telephone system to make free calls. Phreaks were able to find telephone company test lines and conference circuits to complete their task. Brett Borders stated that phreaks were able to hack into corporate unused voice mailboxes to host the first blogs and podcasts (Borders, 2010). During the 1960s, the public saw the advent of email (Borders, 2010).

However, the internet was not available to the public until 1991. Email was originally a method to exchange messages from one computer to another, but both computers were required to be online. Today, email servers will accept and store messages which allow recipients to access the email at their convenience. In 1969, ARPANET, created by Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), a U.S. government agency, was developed. ARPANET was an “early network of time-sharing computers that formed the basis of the internet.” (Rimskii, 2011; Ritholz, 2010). Many social networking sites were created in the 1990s. Some examples include Six Degrees, BlackPlanet, Asian Avenue, and MoveOn. These are, or have been, online niche social sites where people can interact, including sites for public policy advocacy and a social network based on a web of contacts model. In addition, blogging services such as Blogger and Epinions were created, (Ritholz, 2010). In 2000 social media received a great boost with the witnessing of many social networking sites springing up. This highly boosted and transformed the interaction of individuals and organizations who share common interest in music, education, movies, and friendship, based on social networking. Among those that were launched included LunarStorm, Six Degrees, Cyworld, Ryze, and Wikipedia. In 2001, Fotolog, Sky Blog and Friendster were launched, and in 2003, MySpace, LinkedIn, LastFM, Tribe.net, Hi5 etc. In 2004, popular names like Facebook Harvard, Dogster and Mixi evolved. During 2005, big names like Yahoo!360, YouTube, Cyword, and Black Planet all emerged (Junco, Heibergert, & Loken, 2011).

According to (Kaplan and Haenlein, 2010), social media is a group of internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0, and allow the creation and exchange of user-generated content. The (Oxford dictionary, 2011), also defined social media as “websites and applications used for social networking”. Students’ academic life has moved to a different dimension both positively and negatively since the introduction of these social media networks. Kuppuswamy and Shankar (2010), argued in their study that social networks distracts the attention and concentration of the students toward learning and converts it towards non educational activities such as useless and unnecessary chatting. It is further buttressed in the study of Arquero and Esteban (2013) and Selwyn (2007) whose conclusions were that social media undoubtedly generate new opportunities to engage students in higher education as they are remarkably effective at connecting people and facilitating the exchange of information. It is clear and indisputable from these studies that social media usage in the educational sector cannot be underestimated since its introduction.

According to Boyd & Ellison (2008), Social networking sites can be defined as web-based services that allow individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. At the most basic level social networking sites allow users to set up online profiles or personal homepages, and develop an online social network. The profile page functions as the user’s own webpage and includes profile information ranging from their date of birth, gender, religion, politics and hometown, to their favourite films, books quotes and what they like doing in their spare time.

In Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku, students no longer have time to study their books. Their time is been occupied with surfing the internet and chatting on social media. Most of these students claim that social media increases their learning ability and widens their knowledge towards information access. But it is quite true that most of these students cannot use simple spellings, instead they abbreviate every word they intend to communicate with their friends. Most of them that were able to spell correctly are now unable to spell due to over involvement in social media and social networking sites (Smart, 2019). Smart (2019) further opined that students in higher institutions use the time a teacher is teaching in the classroom to chat in social media, thereby distracting themselves from the day’s lectures.

A direct relationship exists between Social media usage and the academic performance of students in universities. However the darker side within technological evolution has resulted in dilemmas such as the setback of real values of life especially among students who form the majority of users interacting through the use of social networking sites. Online social networking sites focus on building and reflecting social associations among people who share interests and or activities. With so many social networking sites displayed on the internet, students are tempted to abandon their homework and reading times in preference for chatting online with friends. Many students are now addicted to the online rave of the moment, with Facebook, Twitter etc. Today most youths and students possess Facebook accounts. The reason most of them perform badly in school might not be far- fetched. While many minds might be quick to blame the poor quality of teachers, they might have to think even harder, if they have not heard of the Facebook frenzy (Oche and Aminu, 2010). (Olubiyi, 2012) noted that these days, students are so engrossed in the social media that they are almost 24 hours online. Even in classrooms and lecture theatres, it has been observed that some students are always busy pinging, 2going or Facebooking, while lectures are on. Times that ought be channeled towards learning, academic research and innovating have been crushed by the passion for meeting new friends online, and most times busy discussing trivial issues. Hence most students’ academics suffer setback as a result of distraction from the social media.

Social information processing theory is an interpersonal communication theory which suggests that online interpersonal relationship development might require more time to develop than face-to-face relationships, but when developed, it has the same influence as face-to-face communication. This means, the more students use social media, the more they influence their disposition to studies, given the fact that friends from social media will begin to exert influence on each other.

1.2. Statement of the Problem

The concept of social media entails that social media is internet based applications that allow the creation and exchange of information which is generated by the users. Students’ academic life have moved to a different dimension since the introduction of social media networks. Several studies have affirmed that social media plays an important role in the academic performance of students in higher education. Students benefit from chatting with other students, teachers and external sources to acquire knowledge. Social networking sites include: Yahoo Messenger, Facebook Messenger, Blackberry Messenger (BBM), Google Talk, Google+Messenger. These networking sites are used by most people to interact with old and new friends, physical or internet friends. Adeboye (2012).

Instead of students reading their books, because of the influence of social media they spend their time chatting. They also make friends through the social media. This might have influenced on their academic performance. When you do not read, there is no way you can perform well academically. It is a common sight to see a student chatting in sensitive and highly organized places like church, mosque and lecture venues. Some are so carried away that even as they are walking along the high way, they keep chatting. The manufacturing and distribution of sophisticated cellular phones is equally posing a challenge that constitute a contributing factor to the use of social media. Students no longer need to visit a cybercafé before they send and receive messages. Many students who have access to the social media waste time on it by chatting and surfing the internet for non-educative information. They are glued to their phones all day thereby loosing sense of time.

One of the challenges of social media is that attention has been shifted from visible to invisible friends. Important academic activities like studying and writing might be affected in the process. Social media contributes positively and negatively to students’ academic performance. Therefore, there is need to examine the concept, influence and challenges of social media on students academic performance in the Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku. Academic performance of students is facing a lot of neglect and challenges. There is deviation, distraction and divided attention between social networking activities and their academic work. It is observed that students devote more attention to social media than they do to their studies. It is therefore of great importance to explore some of the trending challenges facing students’ academic performance as a result of social media. Students at all levels of learning now have divided attention to studies. This is due to the availability of opportunities created by social media for sundry purposes. Whether these opportunities promote studies is a question that needs to be answered.

One of the solutions to the problems of social media on students’ academic performance is that students should try to keep social media sites shut while doing their school related works. Since it is hard to focus when notifications as seen coming up and dingling, students should make sure that they use these social networking sites judiciously to ensure that they do not become detrimental to their academics. Teachers/lecturers can adopt new strategies by channeling assignments or discussions on social media platforms to help inculcate the habit of using these sites for academic work. Students must minimize the time they spend on social media to avoid being obsessed by these sites for unnecessary chatting.

Therefore it is pertinent to examine the influence of social media networks on students’ academic performance in the Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku.

1.3. Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study generally was to examine the Influence of Social Media on Students’ Academic Performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku. Specifically, the study seek to;

1. Examine the concept of social media and students’ academic performance.
2. Determine the influence of social media on students’ academic performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku.
3. Highlight the challenges of social media on students academic performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku
4. Proffer solutions to the problems of social media on students’ academic performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku

1.4. Research Questions

The following research questions were used to guide this study:

1. What is the concept of social media, and students’ academic performance?
2. To what extent do social media influence students’ academic performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku?
3. What are the challenges of social media on students’ academic performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku?
4. What are the solutions to the problems of social media on students’ academic performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku?

1.5. Research Hypothesis

Ho1: There is no significant relationship between Social Media and Students’ Academic Performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku.

Ho2: There is slight relationship between Social Media and Students’ Academic Performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku.

1.6. Significance of the Study

This study would be of immense benefit to teachers, parents, students and to prospective researchers.

Society: the study would expose to the entire society on the influence of social media on students academic performance. It would also disclose to parents the possible effects these social media usage have on their children, so as to serve as watch-dog to their children on the usage of the social networking site.

Academic Community: This study would enlighten the entire academic community which includes the teachers (educators), academic and non-academic staff on the measures to be utilized in assisting students in controlling the usage of social media. It would also help to enlighten them on the influence of social media has on students academic performance.

Government: The findings of this study would assist government on policies to adopt in curbing the excessive and negative usage of social media as this would help to increase the academic performance of students. Government as funding agents would utilize the findings of this research to understand the appropriateness of funding business education which in turn would aid learning.

1.7. Scope of the Study

The scope of this study would cover the Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku, Rivers State. This study intends to examine the concept of social media and students’ academic performance; influence of social media on students’ academic performance; challenges of social media on students academic performance; and to proffer solutions to the problems of social media on students’ academic performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku.

1.8. Definition of Terms

The following words are assigned these meanings for the purpose of this study:

Social Media: Social media is a group of internet based applications that build the ideological and technological foundations and that allow the creation and exchange of user generated content, (Kaplan and Haenlein, 2010).

Social Networking Sites: This is a web-based services that allow individuals to articulate a list of other users whom they share a connection, (Oxford Academic, 2007).

Media: these are media technologies that are intended to reach a large audience by mass communication. “They are messages communicated through a mass medium to a number of people” (Tech Terms Computer Dictionary, 2019).

Academic: This is concerned with studying from books as opposed by a practical work, (Krisscheu, 2011).

Students: A person enrolled in a university to study a particular academic subject, (Wiktonary, 2015)

Computer: This is a machine that receives or stores or processes data quickly according to a stored program, (Smart, 2019).

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

This chapter examined relevant literature of influence of social media on students’ academic performance in Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku, Rivers State, under the following sub-headings:

- Conceptual Framework
- The concept of social media
- Concept of Social Media and Students Academic Performance
- Influence of Social Media Network on Student Academic Performance
- Challenges of Social Media on Students Academic Performance
- Solutions to the Problems of Social Media on Students’ Academic Performance
- Student’s addictiveness to social media
- Students Exposure to Social Media
- Theoretical Framework
- The social learning theory and
- Review of Empirical Studies
- Summary of Literature Review

2.1. Conceptual Framework

2.1.1. The concept of social media

Social media continuously keeps changing and as such it is difficult to assign a fixed definition to it as (Jacka and Scott, 2011), argued that “there is no single recognized definition for social media”. However some scholars have defined it in different perspectives over the past years. Kaplan and Haenlein (2010), defined social media as a group of internet- based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0 and allow the creation and exchange of user-generated content. The Oxford dictionary (2011), also defined social media as “websites and applications used for social networking”. Another definition of social media is that it is a communication channel which is very popular, extremely fast and broad, has proven to be highly effective, as well as trusted by billions of people , to share and discover content concerning individuals, brands, information, entertainment and knowhow’’ (Dearborn, 2014).

One theme that all these definitions underpin is that social media involves some form of communication between individuals over the internet. Social media began in the late 1990s with the first recognized social media network called “Six Degrees “ in 1997 and this technology enabled people to upload a profile and make friends. From 1997 to 2001 a number of community tools; Asian Avenue, blackplanet and MiGente began supporting various combination of profile and publicly articulated friend Boyd, Danah, Ellison and Nicole (2007). There has been tremendous improvement since this era and today there exist uncountable social networking sites either developed for local use, specific purpose or international use. Kaplan and Haenlein (2010), classified social media into six (6) different categories as follows;

1. Collaborative project (wikipedia)
2. Blogs and micro blogs (twitter)
3. Content communities (youtube)
4. Social networking sites (FB, 2go, BB chat)
5. Virtual game World (world of war craft)
6. Virtual second world (second life)

This classification of social media into classes has been useful to scholars and individuals for easy identification and study of a particular social media type but today a difficulty may arise due the high proliferation of social media and one may wonder which group a new developed social media type fits into. Social media is considered to be the fastest growing web application in the 21 century and this rapid development is being backed by technological advancement (Heyam, 2014). Mankind has enormously benefited and continues to benefit from it and as such cannot underestimate its importance as far as communication is concerned. Today, social media has taken a new dimension and has encouraged more participation through the introduction of mobile phones that support social networks applications. The use of mobile phones that are powered by Android applications to social network is termed as Mobile social networking. According to Humphreys (2007), in his study titled “Mobile Social Networks and Social Practices” social network applications have now been migrated from the computer to the mobile phone, network information and communication can be integrated into the public space; and these new services that are developed for mobile phones allow users to create, develop, and strengthen their social ties.

2.1.2. Concept of Social Media and Students Academic Performance

According to Komba, Hizza, and Jonathan (2013), students’ academic performance refers to the accomplishment of a given task that is measured against predetermined standards of accuracy, completeness, cost, and speed. (Shanza, 2020) stated that academic performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term educational goals. In line with this, Yunlok (2010), defined academic performance as the knowledge and skills that students have mastered in a subject or a course. It’s basically a measure of how well students have performed in the various assessment items set for them based on some educational criteria determined by professional educators. Through students' performance in the assessment items such as essays, tests, viva, and examinations, students’ performance are determined in ranking as to the educational standards that they have reached — pass, credit, distinction, high distinction and so on.

Students’ academic performance has moved to a different dimension since the introduction of these social media networks and several studies have affirmed that social media plays an important role on students in higher education including the study conducted by Wheeler, Yeomans and Wheeler (2018); Rifkin, Longnecker, Leach and Ortia (2019). In their study, they recognized four (4) major advantages of social media usage by students in higher education which included; enhancing relationship, improving learning motivation, offering personalized course material, and developing collaborative abilities. Indeed, social media has contributed greatly to facilitating learning in the 21st century. It is shown that a greater percentage of students including those at the PhD level commonly use social media to ameliorate their studies (Khan, 2010). The answers to the causes of flexible studies today across the globe might not be far-fetched from the great contribution that social media platforms are providing when used judiciously.

[...]

Excerpt out of 66 pages

Details

Title
Influence of Social Media on the Academic Performance of Students in Federal College of Education Omuku Rivers State, Nigeria
Course
Management Sciences
Grade
4.5
Authors
Year
2021
Pages
66
Catalog Number
V1043583
ISBN (eBook)
9783346474469
Language
English
Notes
A well researched academic paper on the Influence of Social Media on Students' Academic Performance in Federal College of Education Technical Omoku Rivers State Nigeria. This work is co-authored by Ebenezer Leo the Great Ph.D and Miss. Okoromah Hope. This should reflect in the publication. Thank you sir.
Tags
influence, social, media, academic, performance, students, federal, college, education, omuku, rivers, state, nigeria
Quote paper
Leo the Great Ebenezer Ph.D (Author)Okoromah Hope (Author), 2021, Influence of Social Media on the Academic Performance of Students in Federal College of Education Omuku Rivers State, Nigeria, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/1043583

Comments

  • No comments yet.
Read the ebook
Title: Influence of Social Media on the Academic Performance of Students in Federal College of Education Omuku Rivers State, Nigeria



Upload papers

Your term paper / thesis:

- Publication as eBook and book
- High royalties for the sales
- Completely free - with ISBN
- It only takes five minutes
- Every paper finds readers

Publish now - it's free