New York City - Zentrum von Hochkultur und Subkultur

Historische Entwicklung und gegenwärtige Tendenzen, sowie ihre Auswirkungen auf die Stadtentwicklung


Seminararbeit, 2005
33 Seiten, Note: 1,3

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Field Trip New York City 2005

The History Of Broadway Theaters Martin Doskoczynski

- 19th ct.: first theaters in Downtown Manhattan: Park Theater on Park Row (1810) and “The Bowery” on the Bowery (1821)
- World of entertainments, theaters, circusses, exhibitions centered on the Bowery
- beginnings of intensive growth of number of theaters and domination (Broadway-Syndicates)
- beginning of “moving to midtown”
- import of many artists from europe
- 1866: “The Black Crook” à first Broadway Musical

- 1900-1920: Beginnings of the Theater District which extended along Broadway from 13th Street to 45th Street
- “The Great White” (Way): Lights illuminating the Theater District
- since 1902: several institutions built on “Longacre Square” à 1904 renaming in “Times Square”
- Theaters: provincial, parochial and patriotic (“Stars and Stripes”)
- Beginning of “realism” and dramaturgy
- Most expensive show in NYC: $2.50 “The Follies of 1907” (1907)
- 1905: “The Hippodrome”-Theater: over 5,000 seats, 1910: 40 theaters in the Theater District
- since 1910: growth of USA and WWI influence Broadway, financial and moral support of the troops
- 1914: for the first time the songs of a play were part of the action; first jazz-musicals
- disputes between actors and producers, strikes; “no more pay, just fair play”
- continuing moving northwards, more and more theaters established in Midtown Manhattan
- vaudevilles, ragtime, blues, jazz; black artists, but also racist plots

- 1920-1940: “The American Theater”: new economic, social and intellectual world, then great depression (since ~1930)
- “The New Theater” established next to central park à American Theater (à New Theater Movement)
- 1925: Civic Repertory Theater: cheap performances for the masses, mix of immigrants, students and uptown theater-goers à training ground for actors
- presentation of black life by black performers
- most famous plays: ~1400 performances (e.g.”Hellzapoppin”)
- big crisis during the depression
- “Federal Theater Project”, “experimental theater”; “Group Theater”: young actors, idealistic group à political theater
- declining number of production but improving quality

- 1940s: “Bright, golden Haze”
- Situation very similar to the 1910s, due to WW.II
- “Nazis” in performances
- comedy and farce to escape the reality of war
- upcoming TV: many movies basing on Broadway-performances
- movies cheaper then plays, rise of costs à decreasing number of performances
- musical no longer escapistic, but also informing and thought-provoking
- first off-Broadway theaters in Greenwich Village
- damage to theater by the “Un-American Activities Committee”
- demonstration for social change and sexual and racial equality by actors in plays

- 2nd half of 20th ct.: NYC cultural capital of the world
- motto: “freedom” and the defense of it
- Broadway-Plays more and more expensive, not affordable for many people
- Even Off-Broadway expensive à off-off-Broadway established
- Importance of Broadway still very high, but for the first time more actors employed outside of NYC than in it (1960s)
- Most popular performances: musicals
- Surroundings of Times Square absolute Center of Broadway-Insitutions, but continuing moving northwards
- Times Square since 1970s affected by drugs, prostitution and sex-cinemas, urban decay, renewal in the 1990s (under Giuliani)

Sources:

JACKSON, K.T. (1995) (Hrsg.): The Encyclopedia Of New York City. University of Yale.

KINGWOOD COLLEGE LIBRARY (2004) (Hrsg.): “American Cultural History”. URL: http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/19thcentury.html. Abrufdatum: 28.02.2005

RUSIE, R.(2004): „Broadway 101. The History of the Great White Way”. URL: http://www.talkinbroadway.com/bway101/. Abrufdatum: 01.03.2004.

33 von 33 Seiten

Details

Titel
New York City - Zentrum von Hochkultur und Subkultur
Untertitel
Historische Entwicklung und gegenwärtige Tendenzen, sowie ihre Auswirkungen auf die Stadtentwicklung
Hochschule
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Veranstaltung
Große Exkursion New York City
Note
1,3
Autor
Jahr
2005
Seiten
33
Katalognummer
V110413
ISBN (Buch)
9783640116515
Dateigröße
460 KB
Sprache
Deutsch
Anmerkungen
Wie Hauptseminararbeit, nur für eine große Exkursion nach New York.
Schlagworte
York, City, Zentrum, Hochkultur, Subkultur, Große, Exkursion
Arbeit zitieren
Martin Doskoczynski (Autor), 2005, New York City - Zentrum von Hochkultur und Subkultur, München, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/110413

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