African communities in search of Self-Identity. Academic Contribution of Archie Mafeje


Essay, 2022

7 Seiten

Anonym


Leseprobe

Archie (Archibald) Mafeje was born in Ngcodo in South Africa on the 30 march 1936; he was an independent Pan-Africanist and cosmopolitan individual who sought to understand the world at a global level, in order to locate the place of Africa within its tapestry. In many ways, Archie Mafeje was one of the African intellectual pathfinders, who contributed immensely to the African people’s search for self-understanding, self-determination and political emancipation as they struggled against alienation and misrepresentation. In recognizing the academic and intellectual contribution of Archie Mafeje, this article reflects on the struggle of African communities in search of self-identity and self-understanding. He died on March 2007, and some of his publications appear as chapters of books and journals.

Different schools have given their understanding of the word ‘ethnocentricism’. According to anthropologist, the concept combines the belief that one’s own culture is superior to other cultures, with the practice of judging other cultures by the standard of another. In pre-colonial Africa, African culture has been explained by Anthropologist, Colonial Administrator and Missionaries as ‘’tribalism’’ and the groups consisting it as tribes. However it is important to note that many of the ‘’tribes’’ did not exist before colonialism,1 and completely new cultures were formed as a consequence of social forces- migration, war, religion among others.

In the introduction of this article, Archie asked a few remarkable questions which interrogates the nature of the schools of thought that categorized African societies as tribal and the features that they used in differentiating a tribal society from a none tribal society. He questions the African society scholars, anthropologist especially testing their findings and views to the theories of objectivity which is very difficult to disentangle from subjective perception, he also examined the possibility of African history written by Africans themselves employing different theories to tell different stories and if this is possible what will be the theoretical explanation for such a phenomenon.

[...]


1 Kasomo Daniel. Historical manifestation of ethnocentrism and its challenges today. International journal of applied sociology 2011: 1(1); pp8-14

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Details

Titel
African communities in search of Self-Identity. Academic Contribution of Archie Mafeje
Jahr
2022
Seiten
7
Katalognummer
V1150713
Sprache
Deutsch
Schlagworte
african, self-identity, academic, contribution, archie, mafeje
Arbeit zitieren
Anonym, 2022, African communities in search of Self-Identity. Academic Contribution of Archie Mafeje, München, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/1150713

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