New Education Policy Implementation and its Impact on Teachers and Students

Term Paper, 2022

28 Pages, Grade: A




1. Introduction

2. Objectives

3. Problem identification

4. Literature review

5. Need for the study

6. Scope of the study

7. Research methodology

8. Research analysis

9. Statistical tools

10. Features introduced in new education policy 2020

11. Comparing the new education policy with the existing national education policy

13. Findings

14. Future suggestions

15. Conclusion

16. References


The new education policy (NEP 2020) was proposed by the ministry of human resource development was released in parliament on 29th July 2020 by our honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This was the third major change in India’s education policy. The 1st and 2nd education policy was framed in 1968 and 1986 respectively under the rule of Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.

This study focuses impacts of some of the features of new education policy like early childhood care and education (ECCE), three language policies, low stacks public exams, work studies for students, continuous professional course (CPC) for teachers, fees structure in private schools, impacts in unemployment, discontinuation of M.Phil. Program and the ultimate aim of this New Education Policy (NEP). A descriptive research design was used to collect data from both Primary & Secondary sources. Questionnaire and Interview will be considered as the research instrument for the study. Simple random sampling method with a sample of 127 respondents. Appropriate statistical tools will be applied for testing the data.

For this study the samples were collected from the 127 volunteers through questionnaire in that 52% were male and 48% were female reported. In our result we found out there was a positive correlation between stresses caused for students and teachers towards NEP. The New policies framed is the dependent variable towards fees structure. Also the result showed that the New education policy’s ultimate aim is business objective as many responded correctly. At the same time the implementation of new education policy contains many positive approaches that leads to a dramatic change in the upcoming student’s career in this competitive world. We have suggested some strategies to be adopted to make this New Education Policy more effective.

KEYWORDS:- New education policy, Creative, impacts, ECCE, language imposition, implementation, forecasting merits, prognosis demerits

1. Introduction

THE NEW EDUCATION POLICY (NEP) 2020 was been implemented in the replacement of 34 years Nation Education Policy 1986 which was formulated by Rajiv Gandhi. Speaking about the education policy presented in India we already know there will be many struggles for us and our children’s suffering due to lack of quality. Also the present education policy only focuses on the marks obtained by the student but not about the knowledge gained. Due to improper training and lack of knowledge many of our friends and the entire nation suffers by unemployment.

According to recent survey stated that the unemployment rate was in the range of 5 to 6 from 1999 to 2019 which was reached an all-time peak of 23.5 % in April 2020 (as per IBF research). Even though it is not only due to education policy, but still it is the major cause for unemployment that nobody can resist.

But we are here to analyse about the education policy which was proposed by honourable Prime Minister Narendra modi in July 2020 name as new education policy 2020. The key changes quoted in the new education policy was ECCE, multiple entry and exit in higher education, removal of AICTE,UGC, discharge of M.PHIL. And continuous profession courses for teachers and program return and dropouts.

In this analysis we are going to analyse about the impacts going to cause by implementing this NEP 2020 towards teachers and students communities and also for the country economical change in the ways of unemployment.

2. Objectives

2.1 Primary Objective:

To determine the implementation of new education policy will be efficient.

To identify the merits and demerits of some of the main features quoted in new education policy.

2.2 Secondary Objective:

To study on the fees structure changes caused due to this implementation in private institutes.

To analyse the stress caused to the students and teachers due to this implementation.

To compare the key features of the NEP policy with the present national educational policy.

3. Problem identification

When we are discussing about the NEP 2020 there must be some demerits. So the problem identified here in the ECCE the children starts learning from the age of 0-8. But when we see the mind-set of the children in this age should be made to be more creative. The NEP 2020 suggest many ways for the creative development of the child. But if we see it deeply no teacher will going to take care of the baby of others. So they simply waste their times and get salary. So, it important to create the separate committee to make this more effective.

The problem with the NEP was multiple entry and exit. In this the institutions should give certificate if the students discontinue the course in one year and a diploma certificate in 2nd year and a degree certificate in 3rd year. This is the major disadvantage of this policy. If it will be implemented then the students focus towards the career will definitely affected. Because generally the human mind will change day to day. If the multiple entry system exist, the students will try all the departments he wanted to do and lacks the deeper knowledge in none of the departments. But it must be analysed and should upgrade to a fine system with all features that enables the students to get wider knowledge on each fields he chose.

Also the one more problem identified in the NEP 2020 was three language policy. As we see in outer it will be seen as a good policy. But when you go deeper you will identify the problem in it. The policy says the child will learn languages easily in the early stage. But it in turn change to language imposition over others. Because all cannot be proficient in all languages. So at the time most preferred third language other than English and mother tongue was Hindi. It won’t cause any change in north India. But we see in south India already there will be more problems on Hindi impositions. So this may lead to bigger problem. It is the political problem but as far as students concern not all willing to take Hindi or French or Telugu many people likes to learn many language so it is very difficult to find teachers who are all proficient in all those languages where students wants to learn.

4. Literature review


- A periodic improvement within the education system is important for human development and sustainable progress in society. Reforms within the education system by considering various success models in developed countries and customizing such things with local needs is that the present requirement for a country to prosper. India, being a quick developing country with 130 crores human capital can prosper and overtake other developing countries by planning and adopting an appropriate education model. In this aspect, this National Education Policy proposal 2019 is an inclusive model with many innovations to supply liberal but specialized and customized both school and college education by incorporating research components both at college and college levels.


- The new education policy received many suggestions, and it should be focused because that new education policy was framed only for the students who likely to study and utilize the opportunity. As the research analysis the paper speaks about the major suggestions towards the new education that need to be adopted for more efficiency. The main recommendation was incorporating the factors which are influencing the examination result of the students. Also the suggestion was ranking schools based on the base of parameters. Also, the teachers should be knowledgeable because of that there will be a knowledgeable students can be formed. So as a suggestion of implementing standard teachers training and the continuous learning process should be adopted. The students can improve their knowledge by adopting the vocational skill education so that it will be more helpful for the student to gain more understanding about the career.


- Globalization occurs in all the sectors. As speaking about the globalization of education sector refers to the globalization in education sector will helps to improve the standard to the international level. It will create more global opportunities to the students and it also promotes the international good will. As the international level of education the students can able to identify his lack of knowledge and also it is helpful to make his knowledge update. Due to advancement in technology this is very important to adapt more technological learning and it helps in advancement of online classes so that the learning cost will reduced also the knowledge gaining made easier. Nowadays online classes help the students to co-operate with teacher within the own comfort zone, so this creates more interest inside the students towards learning.


- The main challenge related to higher education in India was student’s enrolment towards higher education. By the survey taken by AISHE the gross enrolment rating in higher education in India was about only 26.3% which is very low as compared to the country population rate. Also the quality of education provided was very far behind as compared to the other developed countries. The countries wealth can be identified only through by analyzing the literacy rate of the people. In many countries our peoples are in the top positions but it is important to provide the same knowledge so that we can inspire other country people to come towards our country for doing works. Infrasture lacking is also one of the main factor as the students of lacking due to many main facilities because of the lacking of proper governance towards education. This all should be taken care to make the Indian education in the standard of other countries.


-The higher education India is one of the best educations leading to the growth and development of individuals and this will make the communities and represent the nation as a whole. The higher education in India need to be more standardized. There will be many new technologies to be deported so that the standard in the Indian education will be increased through which we can able to attain the education which is more over equal to the higher education in the other countries. The vital thing to be made will be searching for a knowledge and this will make the people more towards knowledge-oriented studies instead of mark oriented. In India people got more credit and mark-based system but they are lacking in the knowledge. Many gold medalist India works for very low salary due to lack of knowledge. This could be eradicated by improvising the standard in higher education and the changes need to be adopted in evaluating the student’s skills and knowledge.

5. Need for the study

Education is the building blocks for each and every human. The human behaviour is formed by the way we developed in our childhood days in school. So the new education policy made many changes and claimed that it will be the best world class education in 2040. But many features are wonderful if it is implemented in this political world. At the same time, it also leads to many corruptions like increase in fees structures in private organisations, also it will increase the burden to teachers and students. Life is created for one time and we have to enjoy it but in this policy the education starts within the age of 3 where the child is difficult to identify his father should identify the answer for mathematical table. The government claims that at the age of 0-8 the human brain works unbelievably so if we give inputs at the age we get better human being as an output in future. But if we take past days not an Einstein, aryabatta, Euler’s etc., nobody even gets full education but has an influence over us by their inventions. So it is clear that the education is not only important to get more knowledge also we have to get some knowledge from the nature and the external environment. So, we are here to analyse the provided schemes were whether valuable or its having some improvements in upcoming India.

6. Scope of the study

The main scope of this study is to find the problems related to the features of NEP 2020 like ecce, work studies, multiple entry and exit etc... And to provide the valuable suggestions to make the scheme more effective. Because this is the thing happening after long 36 years and this will be going to be our future education policy and as a citizen of India we should be able to know the advantages and impacts which are going to cause due to this policy to our children’s as well as our future national growth among other countries. By finding the problems associated with this scheme we can get more suggestions to improve the NEP will be more efficient.

7. Research methodology

7.1 Research Title:Impacts of implementation of new education policy on student and teachers’ community

7.2 Instruments:Questionnaire (127 responses)

7.3 Sampling Techniques:convenient sampling method, descriptive research, mixed sampling method

7.4 Sampling Method:purposive sampling

7.5 Research Samples:

- This study is taken based on questionnaire with mixed sampling method and the data analyzed from the survey and the statistical tools helps to arrive at the conclusions.

8. Research analysis

8.1 Table of Gender Analysis

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- According to the research taken 54% were male with the number of 68 and 46% were female with the number of 59.
- So there will no biased survey taken in this research.

8.2 Analysis of Ecce (Early Childhood Care and Education)

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- We have asked about whether the ECCE will create a strong foundation on students career, where 80% of them accepting that this will be effective at the time of implementation.
- This is because that the ECCE will create the positive relationship with the development of literacy and numerical nature of the children in the preliminary education itself.
-So, when the children grown up, we can see the changes occurred due to this ECCE, but at the same time we should also take care our children stress because it starts at the age of 3 there will be an opportunity to make the mental stress in the children.

8.3 Analysis of Language Imposition

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- As per above result it is clear that the people won’t like 3rd language to imposed on others. In NEP 2020 they spoken about the three language policy, in that one will be English and one will be mother tongue till the age of 8 and one will be the student’s interest.
- But many educationalist say that will definitely be Sanskrit or Hindi to be imposed because of inadequate teachers in other national languages.
- So if they impose Hindi or Sanskrit over us this will make a bigger drawback to NEP 2020.

8.4 Analysis of Low Stacks Examination

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- As per the survey collected we can understand that the examination for 3rd standard students will be biggest burden for them
- Because that is the age were their creativity level works more and they enjoy their life.
- If we impose examination on them our Indian parents makes the students creativity and aside and starts focusing on the marks. So this also creates a mental stress towards the children.

8.5 Analysis of Fees Structure in Private Institutions

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- By the above survey result we can able to identify that the fees structure in private organization after this implementation of new education policy was very high.
- Because when it comes to education many institutions focuses on the money and doesn’t care about students. As of that the education was converted into social work to profitable business where there will be no loss.


Excerpt out of 28 pages


New Education Policy Implementation and its Impact on Teachers and Students
Catalog Number
ISBN (Book)
NEP, National educational Policy, New Educational policy
Quote paper
Siva Chandrasekaran (Author), 2022, New Education Policy Implementation and its Impact on Teachers and Students, Munich, GRIN Verlag,


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