Abstract or Introduction
The following essay will discuss three major ideas of Martin Luther, the German reformer. Firstly, it will explain Luther’s opposition to the sale of indulgences, which is considered the catalyst for the age of reformation in the European church. Secondly, his ever-developing doctrine of justification and its biblical foundation will be discussed. Finally, the priesthood of all believers and contradiction to the Church’s hierarchical structure will be highlighted as a foundational element of the Protestant Church. All three theological viewpoints underline Luther’s call for every Christian to carry spiritual responsibility and recognise the access they have through their righteousness in Christ.
The essay subsequently argues that while Luther never intended on starting a new denomination - he merely wanted to reform the existing church - his critique was ultimately the catalyst for a global movement against a religious elite with corrupt practices.
- Quote paper
- Reuben Wheeler (Author), 2022, Martin Luther's Theological Contributions to the Protestant Reformation, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/1331611