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Intermediate Diploma Thesis, 2009
9 Pages, Grade: 1
As times go on knowledge develops by research done in any given field. Looking back in time behavioural modification strategy came a long way. During the seventies, it was still assumed, that behaviour emotional deficits could only rudimentary controlled by administering electroconvulsive therapy and drugs. Over the past thirty years, research came a long way and developed more promising approaches on a psychological base. Starting to implement those new findings already with children that show behavioural and emotional deficits will support them to grow up to be stable adults. Most important in such cases, is that educators as well as parents have to realize that the affected children have to be recognized as disabled and accordingly treated. Behavior and emotional deficits are not just a willing misbehavior from the child it is a disability.
Wexler David B. (1975). Behavior Modification and Legal Developments :CASE LAW QUESTIONS OF CONCERN CASES REFERENCE. The American Behavioral Scientist (pre-1986), 18(5), 679. Retrieved March 4, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 732601621).
David Wexler’s report on Behavior Modification and Legal Developments is a factual report on real legal cases that investigate applications from electroconvulsive therapy and drugs up to the use of psychosurgery on different persons under the assumption to gain control of behaviour and emotional deficits. In his report, Wexler supports the common opinion that the use of such: “aversive techniques...are coercive and worthy of legal attention”. Further, on he highlights the positive outcome achieved by research over the years. He clearly supports that today behaviour modification first is done by a positive reward therapy, which seems to be much more promising.
Reading about the cases Wexler reported on was shocking, but also informative. To me, Wexler’s research is valuable in order to gain a basic understanding on how behavior modification developed over the past and the development to cognitive behaviour methods (CBM) and the importance of developing target behaviors. Without having this basic understanding and insight on how once people have been treated that showed signs of emotional behavioral deficit (EBD), to me it would be not possible to gain an overall understanding of the entire EBD issue, as for why one can develop it, how to treat and help a person to gain control over it, up to possible intervention strategies that might be successful in preventing even the development of EBD.
Bodenmann, G., Cina, A., Ledermann, T., & Sanders, M.R. (2008). The efficacy of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program in improving parenting and child behaviour: A comparison with two other treatment conditions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 46, 411-427.
In Bodenmann et al documentation child parent relationships are analyzed, hence it is assumed that this one of the most powerful influencing factor on behavior and emotional development in children. Bodenmann et al build their studies on the common known, but mostly ignored facts that poor parenting and that the exposure of children to parental conflicts might be the main reason for children developing behavior and emotional deficits. The study supports the importance of preventive interventions in general, since preventive provisions should certainly be the main focus in the best interest for the children.
This study is very detailed and effective documented and does help to understand the occurrences of behavior disorders in children in more depth. The research is supporting the idea that disorders in children need to be evaluated as an overall situation including the upbringing and families. Thankfully to this study it became clearer that behavior and emotional disorders might be caused by incorrect parenting and home situations. I understand now fully the importance to involve parents in helping children to overcome behavior disorders in order to gain a long-term success for the children.
Reading the research from Bodenmann et al and taking the statistics in consideration I feel that the Triple P program is very promising. I am looking deeper into the Triple P program in order to collect detailed information and hopefully to be able to create enough interest in our area to have the program, at least for a test phase, implemented. Helpful and supporting argument might be besides the statistical data the opinion Bodenmann et al cites from Eyberg & Ross: “A commonly used measure for the efficacy of Triple P is noted change in child’s problem behavior as reported by their parents...(Eyberg & Ross, 1978)” (Bodenmann et al, 2008, p. 423).
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