The Importance of Vitamin C


Term Paper, 2001

12 Pages, Grade: A+ oder 95%


Excerpt


Assignment Chemistry Food

I. Introduction

II. Sources
A.Vegetables
B. Fruits
C. Others

III. Chemical Structure

IV. Functions
A.Formation of Collagen
B. Antitoxin
C. Immune System
D. Others

V. Uses
A. Common Cold
B. Cancer
C. Cardiovascular Health
D. Others

VI. Deficiency and Toxicity
A. Scurvy
B. Side effects

VII. Requirements

VIII. Conclusion

IX. Bibliography III

I. Introduction

The discovery of ascorbic acid, better known as Vitamin C in1928 by the Hungarian Dr. Szent-Gyorgyi, a later Nobel Prize winner, was one of the biggest achievements in the biochemical area. It was without doubt a huge step for the improvement of the human health and well-being. With that discovery however a strong debate started around that important water-soluble vitamin. Another famous scientist, Dr. Linus Pauling proposed in 1970 that the daily intake of Vitamin C needs to be much higher than the officially recommended daily intake of 60mg per day. In his books, Pauling claims that mega doses of Vitamin C can treat the common cold efficiently. This arose a big controversy between scientists in the last years. But what is Vitamin C, what is its function in the human body, and can it really improve our health? Is it really a universal medicine or just another “usual” vitamin?

Certain is, that Vitamin C is a very important nutrient, which the human body has to obtain from outside sources; this is different to most animals, except guinea pigs, which can produce ascorbic acid in their livers from glucose. If we don’t get enough Vitamin C, it can cause severe damage to our bodies. Therefore we must ensure, that we obtain enough of it from our diet.

II. Sources

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Ascorbic acid is a water-soluble vitamin and is found mainly in fresh vegetables and fruits. Cooking can destroy Vitamin C, as it is one of the least stable vitamins.

A.Vegetables

Important vegetables, which contain Vitamin C are red & green peppers, spinach, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, asparagus, kohlrabi and cabbage. Grains, seeds and beans don’t carry much of it.

B. Fruits

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The best known sources for Vitamin C are citrus fruits, like oranges, lemon, limes and grapefruits. Other fruits with high concentration of Vitamin C are rose hips, strawberry, black currants and papayas.

C. Others

Animal foods hardly contain Vitamin C. If only the liver parts have a high dose of it, as this is the organ, where animals produce their Vitamin C. In Pharmacies you can buy naturally produced Vitamin C supplements, usually made out of rose hips, peppers or citrus fruits. Synthesised ascorbic acid can be made out of corn syrup, which is high in dextrose, and sago palm. It can be produced in larger amounts than the natural products.

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Ascorbic acid (AA) is a highly polar compound; it is therefore soluble in aqueous conditions. AA is readily and reversibly oxidized to Dehydroascorbic acid. The Vitamin C, which occurs in most of our food, is the so-called L-Ascorbic Acid. The oxidation of L-AA to L-DehydroAA depends on several circumstances, e.g. Oxygen partial pressure, pH, temperature and the presence of heavy metal ions, like Cu2+ or Fe3+. The destruction of AA proceeds much faster in metal-catalysed reactions. The loss is therefore much higher. The whole procedure itself is very complex and won’t be discussed in detail.

[...]

Excerpt out of 12 pages

Details

Title
The Importance of Vitamin C
College
César Ritz Colleges  (Chemical Institute)
Grade
A+ oder 95%
Author
Year
2001
Pages
12
Catalog Number
V13723
ISBN (eBook)
9783638192958
File size
454 KB
Language
English
Notes
This essay explores everything Vitamin C. Double-spaced.
Keywords
Vitamin
Quote paper
Ullrich Kastner (Author), 2001, The Importance of Vitamin C, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/13723

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