Table of Contents
A Historical Perspective
- Elahi’s Covenant with Abraham
- Jesus Christ
- Apostle Paul
- Prophet Mohammed
- Ancient Egypt, Babylon and Hebrew
- The Israelis and Babylonian Captivity
- The Jews of First Century Palestine
- The Talmud
- Arrival of the Jews in Europe
The Babylonian Code
- The Bible Manipulated
- Cabalism in Christianity
- Martin Luther
- Babylonian root of Gnosticism
- The Knights Templars and Freemasonry
- The Rosicrucian
- Gnosticism and Freemasonry
- The Illuminate
- Jews of Eastern Europe and their Right on the Holy Land
- Israel’s God of War and Genocide
The Babylonian Code and the West
- Development of Jews in Europe
- Gnostic Root of financial Oligarchy
- Lay Leader of World Jewry
Gnosticism behind the French Revolution
Gnostic Roots of Communism and Bolshevism
- Formation of the Revolution
- International Bankers in Bolshevik Revolutions
- John Dee and British- Israelism
- The Modern proponents of British- Israelism
- Did Hebrews turn into Scythians?
- Saxons are not Scythians…
- Is the Royal Family Descended from David?
- The Covenant and the Kingdom
- Political Zionism
- The Balfour Declaration and Zionist betrayal to Germany
- First Palestinian uprising
- Colonizing Palestine
- Zionist expansion through CIA
- A State is born: Four Absurd Myths
Gnosticism and British Empire
Freemasonry and Globalization
British Imperialism & human Rights
British Empire and Slavery
Genocide carried out by British Empire
Abuse of Human Rights by Britain
Gnostic Power behind British Imperialism
- The Pilgrim Society
- Rhodes Foundation
- Council on Foreign Relations
- The Bank of England
- British Imperialism In India
- British Imperialism In Africa
- Factors leading to WWI
British Imperialism in Europe
English colonization in Europe
Cromwell’s settlement of Ireland
Pre- WWI situation
- Gnostic power in French- German enmity
- The Rise of Kaiser Wilhelm II
- Franco- Prussian War
- The Morocco crisis (dividing Africa)
- British “balance of power” program
- England’s concept of the enemy
- Anglo-German Naval Race
- The NEW Franco-British Defence Treaty
- The Baghdad Railway
Causing of WWI
- London connection
First World War
- British conspiracy of surrounding Germany
- British policy of Encirclement in Europe preventing a alliance
Of Germany and Russia
- Success of British Policy
- Russia German Relationship
- The founding stone of First World War
- Germany in the Trap
- Success of triple alliance ...
- Paris Peace conference (1919)
- Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-laye (1919)
- Treaty of Trianon (1920)
- Treaty of Versailles
Conclusion (Volume One)
Gnostic oligarchy and World War II
- The great depression (1930) created by the oligarchy
- How the treaty of Versailles was created
- How Adolf Hitler was duped
- Role of the International Jewish people
War in Europe
- US lend lease programme
- The end of the War in Europe
- War becomes global (US Oil embargo against Japan)
- The Potsdam Conference
Gnosticism and US Imperialism
Gnostic Power behind US Imperialism
- Pilgrim's secret society in USA
- Oversees Expansions of the USA
- CIA activities in the Americas
- US Imperialism in the Pacific
- US Interventions in Asia
False Flag Operation- 11.Sept. 2001
- U.S led War on Afghanistan
- The US Plan to rule Arab World
- Interventions in the middle East- Iraq
- Interventions in the middle east- Iran
Conclusion (Vol. II)
A Story named “Sri Kanto” written by Sharat Chandra Chattyapaddhai of West Bengal, India is very popular in Bengali Literature. It is a lesson (School Version) in Class eight of Secondary High School as well as in the Bachelor and Master of Arts Classes (higher version) in the University.
Once a Teacher asked one of the students of Class eight,” have you read Sri Kanto? The student replied proudly, “yes, Sir”. While the curious teacher wanted to know whether he had understood it, the student answered again with great confidence that he did.
Many years later, as the same Student had been studying Bengali Literature in the University, the same teacher coincidentally met the same student and asked him out of usual curiosity whether he had studied “Sri Kanto”. The student replied this time also with “Yes Sir” but with loosing confidence and as the teacher wanted to know whether he had understood it, he replied helplessly that he didn’t.
In the same way, most of us believe to know and understand many facts and circumstances in the Society and around the world, which we actually do not.
As for example:
- How much do we, most of the World’s people can follow, whenever a global crisis is designed, planned and be implemented by a handful of people only for their own benefit and domination, while all of us are permanent victim of it?
- How could the Jewish people be superior to the other sons and daughters of Adam and Eve? Is there any scientific explanation for such claim?
- Is there any scientific explanation for Euro- American Christian’s claim to be superior people than all others in the World?
- How many people seek for the logic or scientific explanation behind Racial Supremacy whereas, countless people are victim of it around the World, even in the societies of highly civilised (?) people of 21st century?
Do we understand all these?
Many scholars maintain race to be a social construct with potent social and political effects but no basis in biological science. The very idea of 'race' implies only inequality and hierarchy. It has also been claimed that biologically there are no scientific classifications that delineate human groups into 'races' (Graves 2004).
Supremacy and Racism has plagued humanity for thousands of years, and it has especially shown its ugly Face during the last few centuries. Until recent history this supremacist and racist abuse of physical anthropology has been religiously, politically and in the long run economically exploited.
Jewish claim of being “God’s chosen people” and (of being superior against the Gentile and all other races, ethnic societies), in one hand and the Euro- American Religious and racial supremacy ( who also claim to be God’s chosen people ) on the other, are the elements for which millions of human being around the World were murdered and are still being murdered. They destructed happy and civilized peoples from different part of the world including the original Americans, Africans (also through Slavery), Asians throughout last centuries brutally, mercilessly. Unfortunately, they never ceased of carrying such inhumane, unmoral slaughter also in the present time around the globe.
The 17th Century Europe experienced the Thirty Years' War (1618 to 1648) with its incredible massacres of civilians. In Germany alone, it took a third of the population in the name of religion to death. But Europe had experienced many other genocides, wars and natural disasters, fratricidal wars. We remember the Albigensian crusade in the 13th century by Pope Innocent III, carried out in 1209 against the Manichaean heretics in southern France, in which the entire city population were wiped out (in Beziers alone, 20 000 men, women and children were slaughtered )
20th Century has also been devastated through War, famine and epidemics. In fact, we might call the two so-called world wars of the first half of this century, as our "Thirty Years' War, which began in 1914 with the assassination of the Austrian heir to the Throne in Sarajevo that ended in 1945 with the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Through severe violation of God’s commands and human rights, they put not only humanity or the Whole World at stake but challenge God himself, out of fanatic racism and greed for more, due to lack of morality while God created all human beings equal.
CHAPTER ONE A Historical Perspective
According to the ancient Hebrew Prophets, Allah has revealed His name as Elah and He is known throughout the world as Dieu, Dios, YHWH, GOD etc. Jesus addressed Elah in his Aramaic dialect by His own Name in Matt. 27:46 saying: Eli, Eli, lama sabacthani?” “Elahi, Elahi, lima teractani?” is the Arabic (the sister language of Hebrew) equivalent. In Arabic, His name is pronounced Allah.
By the days of Noah the world had become so saturated with the occult to the point that only one righteous family was left. God, who was grieved by man's sin and wickedness, judged the world by sending a flood. After the flood, however, it took only a few generations before man had once again begun to embrace the occult. This was evidenced at the building of the Tower of Babel, which is believed to have been the first ziggurat — an ancient occult worship tower with a shrine at the top. The ancient occult mysteries continued to take hold and spread under the umbrella of pantheism. By the time of Abraham and Lot, the human state, at least in their part of the world, had once again gotten out of control. Those were the days of “Sodom and Gomorrah”a when perversion and immorality were taken to new heights.
Elahi’s Covenant with Abraham
Abraham, who was not perfect himself, sought to do right in the eyes of God. Because he and his family were the only righteous ones left who were willing to acknowledge him, God would honour Abraham's faith by making a covenant with him. God would work through this people, to keep his truth and the way of righteousness alive in the midst of a dark, occult-ravaged world.
a.Sodom and Gomorrah were, according to the Bible, two cities which were destroyed by God. For the sins of their inhabitants Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboim were destroyed by "brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven." In Christianity and Islam, their names have become synonymous with inexcusable sin, and their fall with a proverbial manifestation of God's wrath. Cf.Jude1:7, Qur'an (S15) Al-Hijr:72-73. Lot, a nephew of Abram (Abraham) chose to live in Sodom, because of the proximity of good grazing for his flocks.
Abraham was a descendant of Noah’s son Shem (Gen. 11:10-32). The Patriarch Abraham was the first person in the Bible to be called a “Hebrew” (Gen. 14:13).
According to Genesis 17:1-10:
And when Abram was ninety years old and nine
The Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him,
I am the Almighty God: walk before me and be thou perfect,
And I will make my covenant between me
And thee, and will multiply thee
And Abram fell on his face: and God talking with him, saying
As for me, behold, my covenant is with
Thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.
Neither shall thy name any more be
Called Abram, but thy name shall be
Abraham; for a father of many nations
have I made thee.
And I will make thee exceeding fruitful,
And will make nations of thee, and kings,
shall come out of thee.
And I will establish my covenant between
Me and thee and thy seed after thee in
Their generations for an everlasting
Covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to
thy seed after thee.
And I will give unto thee, and to thy
Seed after thee, the land wherein thou
Art stranger, all the land of Canaan
for an everlasting possession: and I
will be their God.
And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt
Keep my covenant therefore, thou and
thy seed after thee in their generations.
This is my covenant, which ye shall keep,
Between me and you and thy seed after
Thee; every man child among you shall be circumcised.
As a sign of this covenant, Elahi commanded that all men born in Abraham’s house or bought with his money had to be circumcised. All men not submitting to circumcision were to be cut off from Abraham’s tribe. Thus, according to Genesis 17:26, “…in the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised and Ishmael his son.” Ishmael Abraham first born son by Hagar (who was his second wife according to Genesis 16:3), became the father of twelve sons:
And these are the names of the sons of
Ishmael, by their names, according to
Their generations: the firstborn of
Ishmael, Nebajoth, and Kedar and
Abdeel, and Mibsam,
And Mishma and Dumah and Massa,
Hadar and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and
These are the sons of Ishmael and
These are their names, by their
Towns, and by their castles; twelve
princes, according to their nations.
According to Genesis 17:19, 21 the covenant was strictly made through Isaac who (according to Genesis 17:21) would not be born for another year! In addition to the fact that Issac was unborn and therefore unable to participate in the covenant at the time it was initiated between Abraham and Elahi and That Ishmael was definitely included under this portion of the covenant is made emphatic in Genesis 17:26 when, according to the fifth precept of the covenant, both Abraham and Ishmael were circumcised as a sign that the agreement with Elahi was entered into by both father and son.
They are in order:
1. Abraham would be the father of many nations
2. Kings would be among his descendants
3. Elahi would be the God of Abraham and all of his seed
4. Elahi would give to Abraham’s seed the land of Canaan forever
5. The sign of this covenant would be that all male participants would be circumcised.
The first item mentioned in Elahi’s promise to Abraham is that he would become the father of many nations; not just tribes but nations. Ishmael, he was the sire of twelve sons which according to Genesis 25:16 bacame “twelve princes according to their nations.”
Isaac fathered two nations; the Edomites (descendants of Essau, his firstborn) and the Israelites (descendants of his second son, Jacob). It is from Jacob that the twelve tribes derive their origins. He had twelve sons from two wives, Leah and Rachel who mothered six sons and two sons respectively and two concubines, Zilpah and Bilhah who had two sons each according to Genesis 30.
Thus, if we eliminate Ishmael from the first part of Elahi’s covenant, the covenant would not have been fulfilled for only two nations came out of Isaac and one of those, the Edomites, is not recognized by the Israelites as a legitimate nation under Elahi’s covenant.
The second part of Elahi’s covenant, that kings or rulers of nations would be among Abraham’s posterity was fulfilled by both Ishmael and Isaac. A study of Hebraic and Islamic history will show that rulers of nations were ample among the progeny of both prophets.
After a few hundred years Abraham's seed had sufficiently multiplied.
When the Israelites began to fall for the spiritual lies, God sent a steady stream of holy prophets to teach Israel his ways and to warn them of what would happen if they did not obey. The Israelites, through Moses, had been instructed to bring regular animal offerings or sacrifices before God. These sacrifices symbolized the payment for their sins, reminding them: that sin does not come without a penalty.
Jesus Christ was sent
Jesus was born circa 1 AD. The Message of forgiveness and the promise of eternal Life to those who believe in Christ would be carried forward from Israel to all nations. Although this gospel (the good news) spread in all directions, it would not be equally accepted by all peoples and would meet with more resistance in some places than in others. Those missionaries, for example, who carried the message into Babylon, Persia, and India were violently rejected; and only a small number of people received and believed the message there. Likewise today, in spite of nearly twenty centuries of missionary efforts in the Far East, with the exception of a few areas, the Message of Christ has been overwhelmingly rejected.
Only a small percent of the orient believes in Christ. Hinduism — the oldest surviving pantheistic religion is still being practiced by a majority of India's inhabitants.
Gnosticism- Judaism and Christianity
Christ’s gospel was accepted by large numbers in the Mediterranean, in spite of fierce persecution against those who believed. Within a few generations there were so many Christians in this Region that the high priests of the Mysteries of Greece, Rome, and Egypt began to lose their control. The teachings of Christ went head-to-head against the pantheistic beliefs and occult practices of the priests, exposing them for what they were. The more the believers were persecuted, the larger their numbers grew, until finally the occult priests were forced to go underground in order to keep their secret knowledge and traditions alive.
Even the Elahi sent his Prophets time to time, ancient occult teachings have been handed down from generation to generation ever since, kept alive mostly in the Westernb world by the secret societies, which are little more than a continuation of ancient occult priesthoods. Satan's plan was to keep his priesthood and secret doctrines alive until, being sufficient in number and power, the priesthood could once again seize control over his lost territories.
Gnosticism, the most effective and widely accepted form of pantheism, was more deceptive and clever than the others, developing the occult's only major counter explanation to the Message and Person of Christ. The Gnostics were the chief adversaries of the Apostle Paul and the early Church, relentlessly pursuing Christians wherever they went, long before the mystery religions even began to crumble.
The Bible is divided by Christians into two parts: the old and new testaments. The Old Testament consists of thirty-nine books by different authors, many of whom did not sign their manuscripts. In this case the books are ascribed traditionally to a prophet. These books were written before the advent of Jesus. They also contain the Torah or Law of Moses which is the first five books.
b. The Western society came into being in the Dark Ages or the Early Middle Ages, through the 500 year period following the end of the Western Roman empire, with the German and Celtic barbarians adopting Catholicism and elements of the culture of the vanished classical Mediterranean world and combining them with their barbarian cultures. In this joining of the Germanic-Celtic-Barbarian and the Christian-Classical, a new culture was born. The race-based cultures of the German and Celtic tribesmen--is an intrinsic aspect of the formation of the West. The classical civilization in the West had ceased to exist.
The Germans brought new qualities and institutions that were central to what became the West, for example, the Germanic kingship, which ultimately evolved into the Western state. Also, the Germans were less hierarchical than the Romans and the Christian Romans. They had the tradition of the king surrounded by his nobles as first among equals, an institution that ultimately evolved into Western democracy. Also, the peculiar dynamism and drive toward transcendence that characterizes the West is largely a characteristic of the Germanic and Celtic cultures, or rather of their blending with Christianity. Before Christianity was brought to England, there was a bunch of Anglo-Saxon pagan c kingdoms. Then the Pope sent the monk Augustine (not Augustine of Hippo) to England in 597 to convert the Anglo-Saxons to Catholicism. Through the Anglo-Saxon peoples becoming Christian, the English nation (that's Bede's phrase) came into existence.
Just as the Germanic tribes on the continent had destroyed the Roman Empire, the Germanic Anglo-Saxons had destroyed the earlier Roman-Christian-Celtic culture of Britain.
c. Paganism has been broadly defined as anyone involved in any religious act, practice, or ceremony, which is not Christian. Jews and Muslims also use the term to refer to anyone outside their religion. Others define it as religions outside of Christianity, Judaism and Islam while some simply define it as being without a religion. In the strictest sense, paganism refers to the authentic religions of ancient Greece and Rome as well as surrounding areas. It originated from the Neolithic (Stone Age) era. The term, pagan, is derived from the Latin word, paganus, which means a country dweller. The pagan usually has a belief in many gods (polytheistic), but only one is chosen as the one to worship, which represents the chief god and supreme godhead.
As Christianity progressed into the present age, a pagan became referred to anyone not being a Christian, and paganism denoted a non-Christian belief or religion. If the religion did not fit into the Judeo-Christian-Islamic or Eastern mould, then one practicing that religion was said to be involved in paganism.
The New Testament is a collection of twenty-seven writings: four of which are the Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) and one of which is acts. Acts is a history of the early Christian community as described by the author of Luke. All of these Gospels were written anonymously and are ascribed by those who collected the writings to names which were well known in Christian history. The following fourteen writings are assigned to Paul and are called epistles; Greek for letters. Of these fourteen epistles, only six and three quarters of one other are considered by Christian scholars to be genuine. The remaining seven and one quarter are from later writers who used Paul’s name to give their writings authenticity. The remaining eight books are ascribed to other authors.
The Old Testament opens with the book of Genesis, which in Hebrew is entitled bere’shit, “in the beginning” or “by way of beginning.”…. Likewise, the New Testament begins with the Gospel of Matthew tracing the line of Jesus. Matthew introduces his account with these words: “A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham” (1:1) .1
Luke describes Paul as a Diaspora Jew with privileged origins.
In his “The pre-Christian Paul”, Martin Hengel described, At the forefront of his own testimonies is the Pharisee connected with Jewish Palestine; only from Luke do we learn that he came from Tarsus and that he was a citizen of both Tarsus and Rome (Acts 21:39; 16:37f.; 22:25; 23:27).
However, it is questionable whether the young Paul in Tarsus acquired any of the Greek education that flourished there. Granted, we have commonplaces of popular philosophy in his letters, but these came from synagogue preaching; we do not find in him any of the knowledge of classical Greek literature which formed part of the general canon of education….. Both Jerusalem and Tarsus are possibilities, since in Paul it is impossible to separate Greek education from Jewish. Although to outward appearance he is a ‘wanderer between two worlds’, his theological thinking displays an astonishing unity. That will already have been the case with the Jew Saul.
He (Paul) describes himself as a Jew and ‘from Tarsus in Cilicia’ the citizen of no mean City’ (Acts 21:37-9). The question is how we are to understand the words Tarseus and Politēs. Since the citizenship of a Greek polis was only very rarely bestowed on Foreigners, it seems to be more probable that from his birth Paul was a member of the Jewish community in Tarsus, which as in other places had certain privileges, but not full citizenship, and that here as in the Septuagint, polites and Tarseus denote only his place of origin.
According to Philo the majority of Jews living in Rome were Roman citizens. Having been brought to Italy as prisoners of War, they were freed by their owners who ‘did not compel them to corrupt their ancestral laws’. Augustus ‘did not expel them from Rome nor deprive them of Roman citizenship on the grounds of their Jewish faith’ (Embassy to Gaius 155, 157). 2
Paul’s epistles are the earliest Christian documents accepted into the New Testament. They were written between 50 and 61 AD. The Gospels were written between 60 and 100 AD. Paul’s ideas had been circulated in the community for at least ten years before the first Gospel was written. Many of his ideas appear in all four of the Gospels and many of his doctrines are also contradicted by the same Gospels.
Although none of the Gospels were authored by Jesus himself and Pauline theology is evident in all of them, the researcher must use these books to find what Jesus taught. The Gospels quote Jesus where Paul, who never met the Prophet, quotes him but once. The reader can assume that at least some of these quotations are authentic and many of these quotations contradict Paul’s theology.
To understand what Christians believe, one must first understand what Paul taught. To understand where Paul deviates from Jesus’ teaching, one must rely on the quotations presented in the Gospels. The aim is to separate Jesus from those who preached about him. To accomplish this, the author has identified the doctrines of Paul, who created the myth of Jesus as the sacrificial deity, and sifted them from the actual teachings of the Prophet to “the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” Most of the proofs for the author’s disputes regarding the true mission of Jesus are contained in the biblical prophecy of the Old Testament and the quotations of Jesus in the New Testament. The Quran is used extensively to authenticate both the Old Testament prophecies and the Gospel quotations.
Paul claimed that this New Testament came through the revelation of the risen Jesus; a Jesus he had not known except by reputation and hearsay. Even so, the theology contained in the writings or epistles of the self proclaimed prophet from Tarsus has influenced modern Christianity more than any other documents.
Paul never met or spoke with Jesus. He knew of his reputation as a leader of a heretical sect which was spreading and threatening the integrity of Paul’s Pharisaic sect.
Paul Nullifies the Laws & the Covenants
According to Galatians 2:1, another fourteen years were to pass between the first brief encounter and a second meeting. Acts 21:21 describes a turbulent second meeting in which Paul was challenged by Christ’s companions in Jerusalem as to his teachings to the Gentiles which nullified the circumcision and the law of Moses.
Jesus’ companions did not regard Paul as a prophet or they would not have challenged or corrected him. The companions of Jesus were God fearing Jews who observed the Law of Moses as Acts 21:20-25 indicates. Paul’s lack of conversation with the surviving apostles caused a rift between the Jewish and Gentile converts.
The apostles, who were anxious to accept the Gentile converts under the law of Moses which required circumcision, were forced to come forward to Paul’s demands that Gentiles should not be circumcised. The apostles were forced to place them under the Noachide laws (Acts 21:25) which were devised to rule pagans who were under Jewish authority. These laws were not a substitute for the congregation of God. Full admission into the covenant of God required circumcision according to Genesis 17:13,14:
He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with
thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant
shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. . .
Paul as a Pharisee who studied under Gamaliel “. . . and (was) taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers…” Acts 22:3), knew perfectly well that allowing his followers to remain uncircumcised would put them outside the covenant. It would seem that Paul’s efforts to persecute the followers of Jesus into submission had failed. He turned to the uncircumcised Gentiles and through them abolished circumcision. This tactic was very effective for Paul only had to convince the Gentiles that circumcision was obsolete according to his gospel. Paul, perhaps unaware, preserved his Pharisaic sect from “racial pollution” by Gentiles for Jews would abandon the Laws of Moses and the Gentiles were ignorant of the importance of the covenants. Modern day Orthodox Rabbinical Judaism, today’s Talmudist and the same Pharisaic sect Paul adhered to, still excludes all Gentiles.
Paul triumphed over the apostles when he caused them to agree to place the Gentile under the Noachide laws. The apostles viewed this placement as a temporary measure to heal the rift between the Jewish converts and the Gentile converts. Peter and James followed Paul to Antioch to discuss entering the Gentiles into the covenant according to the Law of Moses (Gal. 2:11). Paul “withstood him (peter) to the face” as he had done James according to Gal. 2:14:
But when I saw that . . .
Paul accused Jesus’ closest companions whom Jesus had entrusted with his doctrines of not following “the truth of the gospel.” Paul’s deliberately embarrassed Peter, the head of the apostles whom Jesus himself commissioned as head of his church saying: “And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.” (Matt. 16:18) Paul who never met Jesus accused the disciples, who had received the gospel directly from the Messiah himself, of not practicing what Jesus had preached! Paul refused the circumcision which was necessary to enrol his followers into the covenant of Abraham as required by the Torah. The rift between the Preachers of Jesus, who adhered to the Torah, and Paul was complete. Paul returned to his self-styled mission to the Gentiles.
Paul’s gospel differed dramatically from the gospel of Jesus and his apostles. Jesus’ gospel upheld the Torah and commanded all to obey the commandments. Paul claimed that his gospel was sealed in his personal vision of the resurrected Jesus. The gospel according to Paul nullified not only the Mosaic food laws but the entire Torah (Romans 7:6) as well as the covenants God had sworn to with his Prophets. These covenant that contain the entire religion God had revealed to Israel through Moses and the Prophets are:
1. The covenant of Abraham which he sealed with the circumcision according to Genesis 17, Paul nullified in Romans 2:25-26, 4:11, 12 and I Corinthians 7:18, 19.
y the Mosaic food laws but the entire Torah (Romans 7:6) as well as the covenants God had sworn to with his Prophets.al vision of the resurrected Jesus. obey the commandments.commanded tgospel of Jesus and his apostles. t
2. The covenant with Aaron to be the father of all priests according to Exodus 40: 12-16 and Numbers 18:19 but was nullified in Hebrews 7:11-14.
3. The covenant with the Tribe of Levi according to Deut 10:8 to be his ministers was made invalid in Hebrews 7.
4. The covenant of God with Moses to keep His laws in Deuteronomy 5:27-30, 27:9, 10 and 30:8 and sealed with the book of law in the ark of the covenant in Deut. 31:26 was made ineffective in Romans 7:6.
The only covenant Paul did not seek to nullify was the covenant of David mentioned in Psalm 89:3-4 in which God promised that David’s progeny would rule forever over Israel.
Paul’s Debt to the Persian Mithraists
Paul in Roman 1:14 acknowledged that he was a debtor to both the Greeks and Barbarians and his theology indicates this. According to Geoffrey Parrinder in his book, World Religions, the rituals of communion and baptism were part of the Persian cult of the sun god, Mithras, which was transported to Palestine by Roman soldiers. According to Parrinder: “Mithras was a Persian savior-god, a spirit of the firmament… “The rituals of his cult were:
…baptism, (in which) the initiate had to submit to both physical and spiritual tests… and was expected to adhere to a strict moral code. In return he was promised a share in the resurrection. The worshipper looked… forward to the final sacrifice by Mithras when…(men would be given) the elixir of immorality. A foretaste of this divine gift could be shared in the regular communion meal of bread and wine in which the priest (magi) represented Mithras.
Paul’s Jesus as a “Lord of Heaven” is comparable in many ways to the Persians’ concept of their god, Mithras, including the role of Jesus as a High priest, a judge and a lord of the living and the dead in whose person rested the immorality of his devotees. To Paul, Jesus may have had some god-like qualities but he was not God. He says in Cor. 15:24 that: “…he shall (deliver) up the kingdom to God.” Later writers of the Epistles to the Hebrews and to the Colossians further transformed Jesus from a lord subordinate to God to a being described by Philo of Alexandria.
Paul’s debt to the Greek Stoics
Paul was born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia on a main trade route between East and West, and the home of famous Stoic philosophers. Paul inherited his Roman citizenship and absorbed the Stoic philosophy which had been spreading through the city of his birth. As a Pharisee, he was familiar with the Cabal (See Page 33) and with the theosophy of Philo, the Hellenized Jewish philosopher of Alexandria.
Philo (b. circa 20 BC- d. 40 AD) was a Jewish philosopher who integrated the Stoic philosophy of the Greeks with the Jewish Cabal, which was the tradition of Jewish mysticism or secret knowledge. It was through this secret knowledge that the Cabalist tried to unlock the mysteries of the Creator and his creation. Philo taught that God’s direct contact with the defiling matter of the universe is avoided by the interposition of the Logos or the World Creating Power. God conceived his Logos (Greek for “word”) on the first day of creation and with it brought into being His entire creation, both of heaven and of the universe, the seen and the unseen….
In the New Testament, Paul shows familiarity with non-Jewish sources. In Athens he debates the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers, who appear to hear him gladly up to his discussion of resurrection (Acts 17:16-33). In Titus 1:12, Paul cites Epimenides, a pagan Cretan poet. 3
Paul’s writings bear the distinctive mark of Platonism. Contemporary Christians have strong reasons to question any approach to Paul which finds the primary roots of his theology in Hellenism, Gnosticism, or mystery religions. Late Jewish scholar Samuel Sandmel, stress the importance of Hellenism in grasping the key to Pauline thought.
Paul’s influence on the Gospels
The Gospels, which are anonymous manuscripts, were written at least forty years after Philo’s and between fifteen and fifty years after Paul’s doctrines had circulated in the early Christian community. Paul’s writings, and all subsequent Gospels and epistles were written in Greek by either Hellenized Jews or Pagan converts to Pauline theology.
Like the epistles of Paul, the Gospels were authored by men who were not companions of the Prophet Jesus. Their writings are more controversial than historical. They were meant to mean that Jesus was the expected Messiah (anointed one) as defined by Pauline theologists who interpreted the he was influenced by Cabalist theosophy and the cult of Mithras.s. Quran prophecies of the Old Testament to fit their definition of Jesus as the suffering messiah. The main events which are used as evidence of Jesus as the suffering Messiah, are present in all of the Gospels. These events are the baptism, the communal meal, the crucifixion, the resurrection and the ascension. Since Paul mentions or indicates to these events, it is not surprising that the authors of the Gospels included them in their writings.
Paul differs with the Gospels
The authors of the Gospels and Paul diverge dramatically on Jesus’ actual teachings. There are only a few of Jesus’ teachings mentioned in Paul’s epistles and none of them are attributed to Jesus. They may have been homilies episles mentioned in Paul'' Paul diverge dramatically on Jesus' the Gospels included them in their writings.
interpreted circulated in the communities. These teachings include divorce and remarriage, living within one’s means, gathering in Jesus’ name, and making presumptuous Judgements. Not one word is mentioned of Jesus’ confrontations with the Pharisees. Little wonder, for Paul was a professed Pharisee even seventeen years after he began his mission to the Gentiles. Except for I Cor. little or nothing about what Jesus taught. de that he knew very the Gentiles. living within one'11:26, Paul does not quote his “Lord” so the biblical scholar is forced to conclude that he knew very little or nothing about what Jesus taught. It seems that for Paul, the importance of Christ’s body exceeded that of his mind. He was a physical sacrifice not a prophet whose preaching about laws and morals was to be observed.
The Gospels and the Malachi 2
The life of Jesus as presented in the Gospels is a composite of an historical person and a Pauline interpretation of Messianic prophecy drawn by strangers from fabricated hearsay and misinformation. (Current theologians disregard the theory that there was a single written source, the Quelle, from which the authors of the synoptic gospels drew their information.) Thus, to discover the true Jesus, all paganism, philosophies and the polemics of false Messianic expectations must be filtered from the canonical scriptures. What remains should be facts whose accuracy can be judged by the true prophecies of the Old Testament.
Prophet Mohammed was sent
Despite the favourable beginnings of Abraham and Ishmael’s establishment of monotheism in Arabia, the Ishmaelites (Arabs) soon fell into the same pagan ways that plagued the Israelites and distressed their prophets. However, Elahi did not disdain His covenant with Abraham and forsake the pagan Arabs. He spent prophets into Arabia and Sham to re-establish His worship so that according to the third term of the covenant, He would be their God. Accordingly, Elahi sent the prophet Hud, the Prophet Saleh and the Prophet Shuayb to the people of Maydan. Unfortunately, like the Jews who fell to worshipping Baal, Chemosh and the “Queen of heaven,” Ishtar; so the Arabs set up their idols. Despite their idol worshipping ways, the Arabs never forgot their origins from Abraham and they continued to respect his mosque, the Kaba, even though they filled it with their stone, wood and clay statues.
The present day inhabitants of Mecca were and are the progency of Ishmael and are mentioned throughout the Bible as Ishmaelites presently called Arabs. One of the most prominent tribes in Mecca was Quraysh who traced their ancestry through Kedar, Ishmael’s second son, to Abraham. It was from this tribe that Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) came forth to bring the message of Islam to all the worlds. (Quran 34:28)
Mecca, where the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) was born, is located on the west coast of Arabia about half way up the peninsula. Here Abraham and his son Ishmael, built the Kaba (Quran 2:125-127) and dedicated it to the worship of the One God, Elahi. Ishmael settled permanently in the valley where he sired twelve sons who eventually became the fathers of nations and tribes.
Although much of the biblical scripture has been grossly twisted through interpolation, “judicious” editing and mis- transcription, the texts foretelling of the advent of Prophet Mohammed are sufficiently clear and numerous that the literate Jews of Mohammed’s time recognized him as the promised prophet. Though the distortions are many, there are plenty of passages, which clearly point to the prophet of Islam.
As for Hebrew speaking Jews, they had the advantage of language and their scriptures at hand. That the passages referring to the Prophet of Islam were recognizable to the Jews in Arabia is borne out by the Quran 46:10: “And a witness from among the Children of Israel testifies to its similarity (to earlier scriptures) and has believed….”
The prophecies concerning the prophet of Islam are scattered throughout the Bible. Some of these prophecies are exclusive of the surrounding texts. They are not an inclusion in the passages concerning the Hebrews and Israel. Psalm 91 is a good example. Others are included with the texts concerning the condition and fate of the Jews. The context of these prophecies are purposeful for the fate of the Jews was and is inextricably tied up with the fate of the Ishmaelities (Arabs) through their common father, Abraham (PBUH) and Elahi’s covenant with him.
Muhammad (PBUH) was born in Mecca (Makkah), Arabia, on Monday, 12 Rabi’ Al-Awal (2 August A.D. 570). His mother, Aminah, was the daughter of Wahb Ibn ‘Abdu Manaf of the Zahrah family. His father, ‘Abdullah, was the son of Abdul Muttalib. His genealogy has been traced to the noble house of Ishmael, the son of Prophet Abraham in about the fortieth descent. Muhammad’s father died before his birth.
When Muhammad was twelve years old, he accompanied his uncle Abu Talib on a mercantile journey to Syria, and they proceeded as far as Busra. It was at Busra that the Christian monk Bahira met Muhammad. He is related to have said to Abu Talib: "Return with this boy and guard him against the hatred of the Jews, for a great career awaits your nephew."
After this journey, the youth of Muhammad seems to have been passed uneventfully, but all authorities agree in ascribing to him such correctness of manners and purity of morals as were rare among the people of Mecca. The fair character and the honorable bearing of the unobtrusive youth won the approbation of the citizens of Mecca, and by common consent he received the title of ' Al Ameen,' (The Faithful).
When Muhammad was twenty-five years old, he traveled once more to Syria as the factor of a noble and rich Quraishi widow named Khadijah; and, having proved himself faithful in the commercial interests of that lady, he was soon rewarded with her hand in marriage.
Until he reached thirty years of age, Muhammad was almost a stranger to the outside world. Since the death of his grandfather, authority in Mecca was divided among the ten senators who constituted the governing body of the Arabian Commonwealth. There was no such accord among them as to ensure the safety of individual rights and property. Though family relations afforded some degree of protection to citizens, yet strangers were frequently exposed to persecution and oppression. In many cases they were robbed, not only of their goods, but even of their wives and daughters. At the instigation of the faithful Muhammad, an old league called the Federation of Fudul, i.e., favors, was revived with the object of repressing lawlessness and defending every weak individual - whether Meccan or stranger, free or slave - against any wrong or oppression to which he might be the victim within the territories of Mecca.
When Muhammad reached thirty-five years, he settled by his judgment a grave dispute which threatened to plunge the whole of Arabia into a fresh series of her oft-recurring wars. In rebuilding the Sacred House of the Ka’ba in A.D. 605, the question arose as to who should have the honor of raising the black stone, the most holy relic of that House, into its proper place. Each tribe claimed that honor. The senior citizen advised the disputants to accept for their arbitrator the first man to enter from a certain gate. The proposal was agreed upon, and the first man who entered the gate was Muhammad "Al-Ameen." His advice satisfied all the contending parties. He ordered the stone to be placed on a piece of cloth and each tribe to share the honor of lifting it up by taking hold of a part of the cloth. The stone was thus deposited in its place, and the rebuilding of the House was completed without further interruption.
It is related that, about this time, a certain Usman, Ibn Huwairith, supported by Byzantine gold, made an attempt to convert the territory of Hijaz into a Roman dependency, but the attempt failed, chiefly through the instrumentality of Muhammad.
Muhammad was now approaching his fortieth year, and his mind was ever engaged in profound contemplation and reflection. Before him lay his country, bleeding and torn by fratricidal wars and intolerable dissensions; his people, sunk in barbarism, addicted to the observation of rites and superstitions, were, with all their desert virtues, lawless and cruel. His two visits to Syria had opened to him a scene of unutterable moral and social desolation, rival creeds and sects tearing each other to pieces, carrying their hatred to the valleys and deserts of Hijaz, and rending the townships of Arabia with their quarrels and bitterness.
For years after his marriage, Muhammad had been accustomed to secluding himself in a cave in Mount Hira, a few miles from Mecca. To this cave he used to go for prayer and meditation, sometimes alone and sometimes with his family. There, he often spent whole nights in deep thought and profound communion with the Unseen yet All-Knowing Allah of the Universe. It was during one of those retirements and in the still hours of the night, when no human sympathy was near, that an angel came to him to tell him that he was the Messenger of Allah sent to reclaim a fallen people to the knowledge and service of their Lord.
Renowned compilers of authentic traditions of Islam agree on the following account of the first revelations received by the Prophet.
Muhammad would seclude himself in the cave of Mount Hira and worship three days and nights. He would, whenever he wished, return to his family at Mecca and then go back again, taking with him the necessities of life. Thus he continued to return to Khadijah from time to time until one day the revelation came down to him and the Angel Gabriel (Jibreel) appeared to him and said: "Read!" But as Muhammad was illiterate, having never received any instruction in reading or writing, he said to the angel: "I am not a reader." The angel took hold of him and squeezed him as much as he could bear, and then said again: "Read!" The Prophet said: "I am not a reader." The Angel again seized the Prophet and squeezed him and said: "Read! In the Name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists), has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not." (Surah 96: 1-4) Then the Prophet repeated the words with a trembling heart. He returned to Khadijah from Mount Hira and said: "Wrap me up! Wrap me up!" She wrapped him in a garment until his fear was dispelled. He told Khadijah what had occurred and that he was becoming either a soothsayer or one smitten with madness. She replied: "Allah forbid! He will surely not let such a thing happen, for you speak the truth, you are faithful in trust, you bear the afflictions of the people, you spend in good works what you gain in trade, you are hospitable and you assist your fellow men. Have you seen anything terrible?" Muhammad replied: "Yes," and told her what he had seen. Whereupon, Khadijah said: "Rejoice, O dear husband and be cheerful. He in Whose hands stands Khadijah’s life bears witness to the truth of this fact, that you will be the prophet to this people." Then she arose and went to her cousin Waraqa Ibn Naufal, who was old and blind and who knew the Scriptures of the Jews and the Christians, and is stated to have translated them into Arabic. When she told him of what she had heard, he cried out: "Holy! Holy! Verily, this is the Namus (The Holy Spirit) who came to Moses. He will be the prophet of his people. Tell him this and bid him be brave of heart." When the two men met subsequently in the street, the blind old student of the Jewish and Christian Scriptures spoke of his faith and trust: "I swear by Him in Whose hand Waraqa’s life is, Allah has chosen you to be the prophet of this people. They will call you a liar, they will persecute you, they will banish you, they will fight against you. Oh, that I could live to those days. I would fight for these." And he kissed him on his forehead.
For three weary long years, the Prophet labored very quietly to deliver his people from the worship of idols. Polytheism was deeply rooted among the people. It offered attractions which the new faith in its purity did not possess. The Quraish had personal material interests in the old worship, and their prestige was dependent upon its maintenance. The Prophet had to contend with the idolatrous worship of its followers and to oppose the ruling oligarchy which governed its destinies.
He decided to appeal publicly to the Meccans, requesting them to abandon their idolatry. For this he arranged a gathering on a neighboring hill and there spoke to them of their folly in the sight of Allah in worshiping pieces of stone which they called their gods. He invited them to abandon their old impious worship and adopt the faith of love, truth, and purity. He warned them of the fate that had overtaken past races who had not heeded the preaching of former prophets.
The Prophet and his followers became subject to some persecution and indignity. The hostile Quraish prevented the Prophet from offering his prayers at the Sacred House of the Ka’ba; they pursued him wherever he went; they covered him and his disciples with dirt and filth when engaged in their devotions; they scattered thorns in the places which he frequented for devotion and meditation. Amidst all these trials the Prophet did not waver. He was full of confidence in his mission, even when on several occasions he was put in imminent danger of losing his life.
As the number of believers increased and the cause of the Prophet was strengthened by the conversions of many powerful citizens, the Prophet’s preaching alarmed the Quraish. Their power and prestige were at stake. They were the custodians of the idols which the Prophet had threatened to destroy; they were the ministers of the worship which he denounced; in fact their existence and living wholly depended upon the maintenance of the old institutions. The Prophet taught that in the sight of his Lord all humans were equal, the only distinction recognized among them being the weight of their piety.
Allah the Exalted said: "O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you intonations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you in the Sight of Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqun: i.e., pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden), and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)…Verily Allah is All-Knowing All-Aware" (Surah 49: 13)
The Quraish would have none of this leveling of distinctions, as it reflected upon their long inherited privileges. Accordingly, they organized a system of persecution in order to suppress the movement before it became firmly established. They decided that each family should take upon itself the task of stamping out the new faith on the spot. Each household tortured its own members or adherents or slaves who were supposed to have connected themselves with the new religion. With the exception of the Prophet, who was protected by Abu Talib and his kinsmen, and Abu Bakr and a few others who were either distinguished by their rank or possessed some influence among the Quraish, all other converts were subjected to different sorts of torture. Some of them were thrown into prison, starved, and then flogged. The hill of Ramada and the place called Bata thus became scenes of cruel torture. One day the Quraish tried to induce the Prophet to discontinue his teachings of the new religion which had sown discord among their people. ‘Utba Ibn Rabi’a was delegated to see the Prophet and speak to him. ‘Utba said: "O son of my brother, you are distinguished by your qualities; yet you have sown discord among our people and cast dissension in our families; you denounced our gods and goddesses and you charge our ancestors with impiety. Now we are come to make a proposition to you, and I ask you to think well before you reject it." "I am listening to you, O father of Walid," said the Prophet. "O son of my brother, if by this affair you intend to acquire riches, honors, and dignity, we are willing to collect for you a fortune larger than is possessed by any one of us; we shall make you our chief and will do nothing without you. If you desire dominion, we shall make you our king; and if the demon which possesses you cannot be subdued, we will bring you doctors and give them riches until they cure you." When ‘Utba had finished his discourse, the Prophet said: "Now listen to me, O father of Walid." "I listen," he replied. The Prophet recited to him the first thirteen verses of Surah Fussilat, which may be interpreted as follows:
"In the Name of Allah the Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful. Ha Mim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Quran, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. A revelation from Allah the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. A Book whereof the Verses are explained in detail. A Quran in Arabic for people who know, Giving glad tidings [of Paradise to the one who believes in the Oneness of Allah (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) and fears Allah much (abstains from all kinds of sins and evil deeds) and loves Allah much (performing all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained), and warning (of punishment in the Hell Fire to the one who disbelieves in the Oneness of Allah), hut most of them turn away, so they listen not.
Persecution by the Quraish grew fiercer every day and the sufferings of the Prophet’s disciples became unbearable. He had heard of the righteousness, tolerance, and hospitality of the neighboring Christian king of Abyssinia. He recommended such of his companions who were without protection to seek refuge in the kingdom of that pious king, Al Najashi (Negus). Some fifteen of the unprotected adherents of Islam promptly availed themselves of the advice and sailed to Abyssinia. Here they met with a very kind reception from the Negus. This is called the first hijrah (migration) in the history of Islam and occurred in the fifth year of the Prophet Muhammad’s mission, A.D. 615. These emigrants were soon followed by many of their fellow sufferers, until the number reached eighty-three men and eighteen women.
The hostile Quraish, furious at the escape of their victims, sent deputies to the king of Abyssinia to request him to deliver up the refugees, that they might be put to death for adjuring their old religion and embracing a new one. The king summoned the poor fugitives and inquired of them, what was the religion which they had adopted in preference to their old faith. Ja’far, son of Abu Talib and brother of Ali, acted as spokesman for the exiles. He spoke thus: "O king, we were plunged in the depth of ignorance and barbarism, we adored idols, we lived in unchastity, we ate dead bodies, and we spoke abominations, we disregarded every feeling of humanity and sense of duty towards our neighbors, and we knew no law but that of the strong, when Allah raised among us a man, of whose birth, truthfulness, honesty, and purity we were aware. He called us to profess the Unity of Allah and taught us to associate nothing with Him; he forbade us the worship of idols and enjoined us to speak the truth, to be faithful to our trusts, to be merciful, and to regard the rights of neighbors; he forbade us to speak evil of the worship of Allah and not to return to the worship of idols of wood and stone and to abstain from evil, to offer prayers, to give alms, to observe the fast. We have believed in him, we have accepted his teachings and his injunctions to worship Allah alone and to associate nothing with Him. Hence our people have persecuted us, trying to make us forego the worship of Allah and return to the worship of idols of wood and stone and other abominations. They have tortured us and injured us until, finding no safety among them, we have come to your kingdom trusting you will give us protection against their persecution."
After hearing the above speech, the hospitable king ordered the deputies to return to their people in safety and not to interfere with their fugitives. Thus the emigrants passed the period of exile in peace and comfort.
While the followers of the Prophet sought safety in foreign lands against the persecution of their people, he continued his warnings to the Quraish more strenuously than ever. Again they came to him with offers of riches and honor, which he firmly and utterly refused. But they mocked at him and urged him for miracles to prove his mission. He used to answer: "Allah has not sent me to work wonders; He has sent me to preach to you."
Thus disclaiming all power of wonder-working, the Prophet ever rested the truth of his divine mission upon his wise teachings. He addressed himself to the inner consciousness of man, to his common sense and to his own better judgment.
Despite all the exhortations of the Prophet, the Quraish persisted in asking him for a sign. They insisted that unless some sign be sent down to him from his Lord, they would not believe. The disbelievers used to ask: "Why has Muhammad not been sent with miracles like previous prophets ?" The Prophet replied: "Because miracles had proved inadequate to convince. Noah was sent with signs, and with what effect? Where was the lost tribe of Thamud? They had refused to receive the preaching of the Prophet Salih, unless he showed them a sign and caused the rock to bring forth a living camel. He did what they asked. In scorn they cut the camel’s feet and then, daring the prophet to fulfill his threats of judgment, were found dead in their beds the next morning, stricken by the angel of the Lord."
There are some seventeen places in the Qur’an in which the Prophet Muhammad is challenged to work a sign, and he answers them all to the same or similar effect: Allah has the power of working miracles, and had not been believed; there were greater miracles in nature than any which could be wrought outside of it; and the Qur’an itself was a great, everlasting miracle.
As to the sacred idols, so much honored and esteemed by the pagan Arabs, the Prophet openly recited: "They are but names which you have named - you and your fathers - for which Allah has sent down no authority." (Surah 53: 23). When the Prophet thus spoke reproachfully of the sacred gods of the Quraish, the latter redoubled their persecution. But the Prophet, nevertheless, continued his preaching undaunted by the hostility of his enemies or by their bitter persecution of him. And despite all opposition and increased persecution, the new faith gained ground. The national fair at Okadh near Mecca attracted many desert Bedouins and trading citizens of distant towns. These listened to the teachings of the Prophet, to his admonitions, and to his denunciations of their idols and of their superstitions. They carried back all that they had heard to their distant homes, and thus the advent of the Prophet was made known to almost all parts of the peninsula.
Because of the relative isolation of the Arabs and the absence of foreign conquest in the Arabian Peninsula except for its bordering countries, Arabic had retained a purity of speech and writing, which Hebrew lacked. The Arabic language in the time of the Prophet retained much more of the character of both the verbal and the written speech of Abraham.
Mohammed’s inability to read and write is an imprengnable defense for the validity of Elahi’s revelation to him, the Quran. Second, it must be pointed out that Quran was pure revelation into which the hand of man did not enter. The Prophet had no control over the content of the revelation; neither its subject nor its mode of composition. To show that the Quran is the word of Elahi put into the mouth of Mohammed, every chapter but one begins with: “In the name of Elahi, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.”
The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of twenty- three years. The method of composition was often the measured line whose cadence made the Quran easy to memorize. Elahi’s laws were preserved in the minds of the men who were ordered to commit the revelation to memory as well as to paper. One of the many miracles of the Quran is the mode of its composition, which made it easy to preserve from interpolations, which plagued earlier scriptures.
It was during this time that Mohammed was granted the Isra (miraculous journey in one night from the Kaba in Mecca to the site of Solomon’s temple in Jerusalem) and Miraj (ascent into heaven where he was brought near to Allah). It is also worthwhile to mention that at this time Mohammed’s followers were commanded to pray facing the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. The direction of prayer was later changed so that prostration was directed toward the Kaba or the Mosque of Abraham. 4
The following biblical texts in an order which best present the life and personality of the Prophet of Islam.
The Prophecy of Moses
I will raise them ((the Jews)) up a prophet
From among their brethren ((the Arabs)) [a]
Like unto thee ((Moses)) [b] and I will put my
Words in his mouth; [c] and he shall speak
Unto them ((the Arabs and Jews)) all that
I command him.
(Authorized King James)
a) Jews and Arabs are brothers because Ishmael and Isaac were both sons of Abraham.
b) Like Moses, Mohammed was a prophet, leader and lawgiver.
c) The indication that words were put into the mouth of Mohammed by Elahi and that the Quran is not the handwork of any man is that the opening sentence of every Quranic chapter but one begins: “In the name of Elahi, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.”
The Prophecy of Solomon
Moreover concerning a stranger that is not
-f thy people Israel, but cometh out of a
far country for thy name’s sake; (a) (for they shall hear of thy great name, and of thy strong hand, and of thy stretched out Arm;)
(b) when he shall come (c) and pray toward this house
(d) Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and
do according to all that the stranger calleth
to thee for: that all people of the earth may
know thy name to fear thee, (e) as do thy people
Israel; and that they may know that this house,
which I have builded is called by thy name. (f)
(Authorized King James)
For then I shall give to peoples the change
To a pure language, (a) in order for them all
To call upon the name of ((Allah)) (b) in order
To serve him shoulder to schoulder. (c)
(The New World Translation)
a) Allah changed the language of revelation from Hebrew to Arabic. The Arabic of the Prophet’s time may be considered a pure language for the following reasons: 1) its alphabetical characters are based upon the script Abraham used and 2) the isolation of the Arabian Peninsula helped preserve Arabic as a pure language.
b) The name of Allah is called upon in the adhan (call to prayer) five times daily from the minarets of mosques in almost every country on Earth. The adhan begins: “Allah is Great, Allah is Great.”
c) The Muslims stand shoulder to shoulder in prayer to show their brotherhood and equality before Allah.
SONG OF SOLOMON (a) 5:10-16
My beloved is white and ruddy,
the chiefest among ten thousand,
His head is as the most fine gold,
his locks are bushy, and black as Raven.
His eyes are as the eyes of doves by
the rivers of waters, washed with
Milk and fitly seton)
der. b) in order
n which the Quran was revealed..
His cheeks are as a bed of spices
as sweet flowers: his lips like lilies
dropping with sweet smelling myrrh.
His hands are as gold rings set with
the beryl: his belly is as bright
Ivory overlaid with sapphires.
His legs are as pillars of marble,
set upon sockets of fine gold; his
countenance is as Lebanon, excellent
as the cedars.
His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is
(Mohammed). (b) This is my beloved, and
this is my friend. O daughters of
(Authorized King James)
a) The Song of Solomon mes)
b) s of
c) loved, and
d) n prayer to show their brotherhood and equality before Allah.is a wedding allegory which symbolizes the union of the Arabs (Ishmaelites) with the Jews under the leadership of the Prophet Mohammed. The bride, the Shulamite, refers to her intended as her brother (8:1) and the groom likewise refers to his betrothed as his sister (5:1). The Arabs and the Jews were siblings through their common father, Abraham.
In chapter I, the bride, the Shulamite, refers to her dark color as like the “tents of Kedar.” She asks her companions not shun her because of her dark complexion even though her spouse is fair (5:10). She reminds her companions that her complexion is prized by the people with whom she is being united; i.e., the people of Kedar who was the second son of Ishmael and the founder of Mohammed’s tribe, the Quraysh.
The entire poem is taken up with the bride’s expectation of happiness on the arrival of the spouse. The happy bride anticipates the joyful union in her dreams but she then awakens to the reality that he has not yet come. This dream concept explains the apparent achievement of that union in Chapter II and the search for the missing spouse in Chapters III and V. The poem alternates between happy anticipation at the arrival of the missing groom and lamentations at his continued absence. The bride must wait. Her anxiety to end the wait is expressed in the last verse of the poem.
e) The AKJ version of the 16th verse of this chapter reads “ …he is altogether lovely.” This phrase in Hebrew reads “ … he is Mahamaddim” which is often translated as lovely or desireable. The Hebrew word “mahamaddim” is a plural adjective; the singular form is “mahmad.” In the context of the sentence, the plural adjective “mahamaddim” modifies a singular subject, “he.” This incongruous grammatical construction arouses suspicion as there is no subject-adjective agreement. Therefore, the word “mahamaddim” cannot be an adjective. It must be a proper noun. The “im” does not denote plurality but would be an indication of a name that was to be respected. A similar device is udes for the Hebrew for God, Elohim. The “im” does not denote a plural god but The God in a language that has no capital letters to add distinction to a revered proper noun. According to the Song of Solomon, the Jews were to anticipate a leader from among their brothers, the Arabs, to whom they were to submit as a bride submits to the leadership of her husband. The Jews of Medina rejected the leadership of the prophet and the union was never achieved.
The biblical verses quoted and commented upon in this essay give a very accurate picture of the Prophet that was to come. To make even more clear the biblical picture of this Prophet, the author will present the following categorical summation of these prophecies:
1. According to prophecies of Solomon (I K. 8:41) and Isaiah (Is. 33:17) the prophet would come from a land far distant from Jerusalem and would not be of the people of Israel. Mohammed came from Mecca in Arabia; a journey of several months by the caravans of the Prophets days. He was not of the Jewish tribes but from the other branch of Abraham’s family, i.e., the Ishmaelites or present day Arabs which put him in the line of prophethood according to Elahi’s covenant with Abraham in Genesis 17:1-10.
2. Moses in Deuteronomy 18:18 confirms that the prophet would come from the brothers of the Jews who are the Arabs. Issac, the father of the Jews and Ishmael, the father of the Arabs, were both sons of Abraham.
3. The prophecy of Isaiah 42:11 pinpoints the area and tribe, the tribe of Kedar, of the coming prophet. Kedar was the second son of Ishmael and his descendants settled in Mecca. Mohammed was descended from Kedar.
4. Isaiah 33:19 and 28:11 tell that the tongue of the prophet’s people would be unintelligible to the Hebrew because of it’s “stammering” speech. Arabic and Hebrew are sister languages but the manner of speech makes the Arab unintelligible to the Hebrew.
5. Isaiah 33:18 describes the prophet’s city as not advanced, i.e., lacking the urban amenities of Jerusalem. In the time of the Prophet, Mecca was lacking in these amenities.
6. Isaiah 33:16 and Is. 42:11 describe the terrain of the prophet’s city of birth as mountainous and rocky. Craggy peaks surround Mecca.
7. Isaiah 33:17 describes the physical appearance of this prophet as “like a king in Beauty.” Mohammed was a handsome man by anyone’s standards.
8. Isaiah 33:15 & 42:1-3 describe his integrity and the honest, gentle and humble aspects of Mohammed’s personality.
9. Mohammed’s inability to raed or write is foretold in Is. 29:12.
10. Moses in Deut. 18:18 and Isaiah 29:12 foretell of a book this prophet would bring. This book, according to Moses, would be pure revelation, i.e., the hand of man would not interfere with its contents. That Elahi did put His words into Mohammed’s mouth is made evident in the opening line to every chapter of the Quran but one. The chapters begin with: “In the name of Elahi, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.”
11. That the literary mode of this revelation would be the measured or cadenced line and that it would be revealed a little at a time is discussed in Isaiah 28:10-12.
12. Psalm 91 and Isaiah 33:16 foretell of the secret place on the mountain (heights) where Mohammed had been meditating at the time of the first revelation.
13. Isaiah 29:12 accurately describes the circumstances surrounding Elahi’s first revelation to the Prophet. Gabriel commanded the Prophet to read. This command is the opening word of Sura Iqra or Read in the Quran. Mohammed replied that he was illiterate.
14. I Kings 8:41-43 foretells of the Prophet’s miraculous journey from the Kaba in Mecca to the temple of Solomon in Jerusalem.
15. Daniel 7:13 foretells of the Prophet’s ascension into heaven.
16. David in Psalm 91 sings of the following events in the Prophet’s life:
Ps. 91:4 – He would carry the shield of a warrior.
Ps. 91:7 – He would conquer thousands of enemies.
Ps. 91:8 – He would e:
the following events in the Prophet'o the temple of Solomon in Jerusalem.ra or Read in the Quran. ditating at the time live to see is enemies vanquished.
Ps. 91:11,12 – Elahi would send angels to help him in conquering the enemy and so strengthening his resolve in the face of adversary so he would not stumble.
Ps. 91:13 – The Prophet and his followers would conquer other nations.
Ps. 91:15 – He would be held in an honoured position.
Ps. 91:16 – He would live a respectably long life.
17. Zephaniah 3:9 foretells of the change of the language of revelation from Hebrew to a pure language. The Arabic of the Quran is a pure language resulting from Arabia’s isolation.
18. Zephaniah 3:9 describes the adhan (the Muslim call to prayer which praises Elahi’s Name) and the method by which the Muslim prays, i.e., standing shoulder to shoulder.
19. Daniel 7:14 is a prophecy that Mohammed would be an established ruler in his own land. The purpose of this rule was to establish the worship of Elahi so that all nations would know Him and serve Him. Mohammed ruled all of Arabia before he died and he established Islam as the religion of Elahi on earth.
20. Daniel 7:14 and Isaiah 42:1,4 tell of the success of the Prophet’s mission for Islam spread to all nations who today in their diverse tongues celebrate Elahi’s praise. It also makes clear the success of the Prophet’s mission in establishing judgement or justice on earth. Before Mohammed’s death, the religion of Elahi, Islam, was firmly established and spreading rapidly to all continents on earth.
21. The Song of Solomon 5:10-16 describes the Prophet’s physical appearance and names him as Mohammed.
Indeed, all mankind should celebrate Elahi’s praise for His mercy in sending the Prophet of Islam to the nations of the earth as was foretold by the ancient prophets. Only one man in all of history has fulfilled to the letter every line of these prophecies and this is Mohammed, the Prophet of Elahi. May Elahi continue to bless those who follow His Prophet and the religion revealed to him, Islam.
Were one to accept the biblical interpolation that the covenant was exclusive to Isaac, then Elahi, whose Name means Oath Keeper, would have prevaricated, which is an impossible assumption. The author must conclude that verses 19 and 21 of the seventeenth chapter of Genesis are interpolations by an Israelite who was manufacturing evidence to “prove” the racial and tribal superiority of the descendants of Jacob. However, all right thinking people must admit that . . . Elahi favours the salvation of all the children of Adam who, according to Christians and Muslims, are all members of the human race. (The Talmud proclaims that only Jews are the sons of Adam). The special charge of salvation has historically placed in the hands of Abraham and all of his descendants. 5
Ancient Egypt, Babylon and Hebrew
Most ancient Hebrew alphabet, which pre-dates classical Hebrew, was at least partially derived from Egyptian hieroglyphics, which means sacred writing. It would be correct to conclude that Hebrew was much influenced by pagan peoples as Egyptians, Babylonians, Greeks etc. (…but the Arabs, because of their isolation, managed to retain a greater portion of the written and spoken language of their father, Abraham.)
Hebrew history mentions the more than one hundred year sojourn of the Jews in Egypt and their seventy years of slavery in Babylon. In addition to these exiles, the Bible mentions the capture of Israel by Assyria as well as the colonization of Palestine by Persia, Greece and Rome. These conquests caused the Israelites to adopt many words from their conqueror’s idioms into Hebrew so their language differed greatly from that of Abraham’s. These foreign conquerors were idolatrous nations which, through the introduction of their vocabulary into Hebrew, were able to introduce their pagan beliefs and adulterate the original revelation Elahi sent to the Hebrews. This adulteration of language is reflected in the diversity of foreign words and their accompanying beliefs in biblical texts. Thus, in direct violation of Elahi’s order in Exodus 20:3 not to set other gods before him, the Israelites, according to Ex. 4:22, Deut. 14:1 and Psalm 82 set themselves up as gods and sons of god. Thus, Hebrew became a corrupted language which reflected the corrupt ideas the Jews had adopted from their conquerors.
According to the Torah, (the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, called the Pentateuch in the Old Testament), the Children of Israel entered Egypt when Joseph was vizier. After Joseph's death a pharaoh enslaved them and set them to building his cities. God revealed himself to Moses, and commanded him to lead the people out of Egypt. Moses confronted Pharaoh and led the Israelites out of Egypt, "and it came to pass at the end of four hundred and thirty years, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the Land of Egypt" at the crossing of the Red Sea (Exodus 12:41 in the Masoretic Text)
From Egypt the Israelites travelled through the wilderness to Sinai Mountain where their God offered them a Covenant: they would keep his instructions (i.e., law, torah), and in return he would be their God. The people accepted, and God gave them their laws and also instructions for the Tabernacle, which would be his dwelling place among them. From Sinai they journeyed on to Kadesh- Barnea, arriving in the second year after leaving Egypt, and there they remained for 38 years. God gave them manna and water in the wilderness, but they including Moses were disobedient and longed to return to Egypt, so that God declared that the entire generation that had left Egypt would pass away in the wilderness before a new generation would enter Canaan. The Israelites then journeyed to Moab, on the borders of Canaan, where Moses addressed them for the last time, recalling their journeys and giving them new laws. His death (the last reported event of the Torah), concluded the 40 years in the wilderness, and the Israelites were free to begin the attack on Canaan under their new leader, Joshua (Yahweh War).
Relationship between Egyptian religion and ancient Judaism
The Jews have had a long and tumultuous historical relationship with Egypt. First to accept Jewish refugees in Biblical times, Egypt was also the first country to imprison, oppress and persecute the Jews. Egyptian Jews constitute perhaps the oldest Jewish community outside Israel in the world.
Raphael Patai describes, "prototypical events which were to occur again and again in the course of the long history of the Jews" (Patai 127). And yet, Jews returned to Egypt as early as 586 BCE, despite the specific Biblical injunction which states explicitly that they never have returned to Egypt- the only country so designated (Deut.17:16; cf Hosea 11:5) . Nevertheless, Judaism has managed to survive in Egypt through countless power shifts and political changes, sometimes adapting to existing cultural structures, and other times barely managing to survive abuses of the worst sort.
Many believe that Jewish refugees probably fled to Egypt after the Babylonian conquest of Palestine (Jer 42:14–22) by Nebuchadnezzar when they were dispersed throughout the known world.
…..There were contacts between Egypt and the Syria-Palestine region as early as the Middle Kingdom, around 2000 BC, when Egypt exercised economic, if not political, domination over the Levant. It is in this period that the migration of the Hebrew patriarchs to and from Egypt belong (Gen. 12:10ff). Contacts increased during the New Kingdom, especially following the conquests of Thutmose III, the creator of a vast Egyptian empire and during the so-called Period of Decline that followed the New Kingdom. David, a member of the Edomite royal house, fled to Egypt and was given political asylum by an unnamed Pharaoh (1 Kings 11: 14-22). Solomon married an Egyptian princess (1 Kings 3:1) and the palace he constructed for her was of Egyptian design; he also patterned his scribal schools on those of Egypt. No wonder that such a large number of Egyptian loan words, phrases and intellectual ideas should be preserved in the Old Testament, along with a large number of idiomatic expressions, and two Egyptian units of measure.
One of the highest points of Jewish existence in Egypt occurred early in history, including the centuries following the invasion of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE. As the combined cultural influences between the Jews and Greeks led to the development of a hellenistic judaism, such as the Jews later became integrated into Egyptian society and created a type of Arabic- Jewish culture ( Ausubel 223).
Unfortunately, this period did not last long; the onset of the Roman and later Christian influences in Egypt would bring with them a rising anti-Jewish sentiment throughout the second and third centuries CE. The Jews tried to resist, but were overwhelmed; at the same time, the Jewish community itself began to atrophy through emigration and intermarriage.
Ptolemaic and Roman (400 BC to 641 AD)
It was probably not until the wars of Ptolemy I against the rival successors of Alexander the Great (320–301 BC) that the first scale immigration of peoples calling themselves Jews into Egypt. Invading Palestine four times in those wars, Ptolemy I is said to have "removed from the land of the Jews into Egypt up to one hundred thousand people, from whom he armed about thirty thousand chosen men and settled them through the land in the forts" (Ep. Arist. 12–13). While Aristeas’ numbers are likely exaggerated, various papyri, inscriptions and ostraca from the third century BC nonetheless testify to the presence of substantial Jewish populations in all parts of Egypt.
In fact, as soon as Alexandria was completed, the Jewish people probably began to inhabit specific districts like the present Kafr ed-Dawar, and Jews served in the administration as custodians of the river. As early as the third century B.C. one can speak of a widespread diaspora of Jews in many Egyptian towns and cities. In Josephus's history, it is claimed that, after the first Ptolemy took Judea, he led some 120,000 Jewish captives to Egypt from the areas of Judea, Jerusalem, Samaria, and Mount Gerizim. With them, many other Jews, attracted by the fertile soil and Ptolemy's liberality, emigrated there of their own accord. An inscription recording a Jewish dedication of a synagogue to Ptolemy and Berenice was discovered in the 19th century near Alexandria Josephus also claims that, soon after, these 120,000 captives were freed of their bondage by Philadelphus.
The history of the Alexandrian Jews dates from the foundation of the city by Alexander the Great, 332 B.C., at which they were present.
For the Roman period there is evidence that at Oxyrynchus (modern Behneseh), on the east side of the Nile, there was a Jewish community of some importance. It even had a Jews' street . Many of the Jews there must have become Christians, though they retained their Biblical names (e.g., "David" and "Elisabeth," occurring in a litigation concerning an inheritance). There is even found a certain Jacob, son of Achilles (c. 300 AD), as beadle of an Egyptian temple.
Arab rule (641 to 1250)
It was not until the Arab conquest of Egypt ( 640 CE) that the Jews began to regain their social and cultural strength. From 640 to the late 900s, Jews owned and ran their own universities, served in the courts, and saw a period of relative economic prosperity. From 969, the Fatimid caliphs ruled Egypt as part of what was known as the Ayyubid empire (969-1250), and the Jews continued to flourish in cultural and political spheres, gaining recognition at court and the right to self- rule (Raphael Patai 129).
During the Fatimite Caliphs (969 to 1169)
The Fatimite rule was in general a favorable one for the Jews, except the latter portion of Al-Ḥakim's reign. The foundation of Talmudic schools in Egypt is usually placed at this period. One of the Jews who rose to high position in that society was Ya‘qub Ibn Killis
A street in the city, Al-Jaudariyyah, was inhabited by Jews. By the beginning of the twelfth century a Jew, Abu al-Munajja ibn Sha'yah, was at the head of the Department of Agriculture. He is especially known as the constructor of a Nile sluice (1112), which was called after him "Baḥr Abi al-Munajja". He fell into disfavor because of the heavy expenses connected with the work, and was incarcerated in Alexandria, but was soon able to free himself. A document concerning a transaction of his with a banker has been preserved.
Under the vizier Al-Malik al-Afḍal (1137) there was a Jewish master of finances, whose name, however, is unknown. His enemies succeeded in procuring his downfall, and he lost all his property. He was succeeded by a brother of the Christian patriarch, who tried to drive the Jews out of the kingdom. Four leading Jews worked and conspired against the Christian, with what result is not known. There has been preserved a letter from this ex-minister to the Jews of Constantinople, begging for aid in a remarkably intricate poetical style (J. Q. R. ix. 29, x. 430; Z. D. M. G. li. 444). One of the physicians of the caliph Al-Ḥafiẓ (1131-49) was a Jew, Abu Manṣur (Wüstenfeld, p. 306). Abu al-Faḍa'il ibn al-Nakid (died 1189) was a celebrated ocultist.
After 1492, as a result of their forced expulsion from Spain and Portugal, the Sephardim of the Iberian Peninsula began a mass emigration to Egypt. In the ensuing years, many Jews gained high posts in the Ottoman (Turkish) courts which ruled at that time, and the Jewish finance minister (the" chelibi") was officially regarded as the political leader of the Jews (Patai 129). At the same time, the Jews of North- West Africa (the Moghrabim) began to move into Egypt, and the Jewish community gradually became more complex. 6
The Israelites and Babylonian captivity
From 1095 to 975 BC there was a united Israel kingdom under Kings Saul, David and Solomon. Then the ten-tribe Northern Israel kingdom divided, lasting until deported by the Assyrians in 721 BC. The Judah-Benjamin Jerusalem kingdom lasted until 606 BC., when its people were deported by the Babylonians.
Babylonian captivity, or Babylonian exile, is the name generally given to the deportation and exile of the Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar. The captivity began in approximately 740 BCE, when the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and eastern half-tribe of Manasseh were carried away by one of the first successful Assyrian invasions.
Three separate occasions are mentioned (Jeremiah 52:28-30). The first was in the time of Jehoiachin in 587 BCE, when the temple of Jerusalem was partially despoiled, and a number of the leading citizens were removed. After eleven years (in the reign of Zedekiah) a fresh rising of the Judaeans occurred; the city was razed to the ground, and a further deportation ensued. Finally, five years later, Jeremiah records a third captivity. After the overthrow of Babylonia by the Persians, Cyrus gave the Jews permission to return to their native land (537 BCE), and more than forty thousand are said to have availed themselves of the privilege. (Jehoiakim; Ezra; Nehemiah and Jews.) Previously, the northern tribes had been taken captive by Assyria and never returned; survivors of the Babylonian exile were all that remained of the Children of Israel.
The Babylonian Captivity and the subsequent return from captivity (back to Israel), was seen as one of the great pivotal acts in the drama between God and His people, Israel. Just as they had been predestined for, and saved from, slavery in Egypt; now the Israelites were predestined to be punished by God through the Babylonians, and then saved once more. This experience has had a number of serious effects upon Judaism and the Jewish culture. The current Hebrew script was adopted at this time, replacing the very different Israelite script.
The Jews of First Century Palestine: Pharisees, Sadducees and Sanhedrin
First century Palestinian culture was based upon historical and religious conditions of a people who had absorbed and imposed upon the religion of Moses the traditions, beliefs and rituals of their Babylonian captors, their Persian liberators and their Greek and Roman occupiers. The result was a syncretic belief system which was so complicated that it had to be interpreted by specialists. These religious specialists were split over theological disputes into two warring factions; the Sadducees and the Pharisees. The Sadducees were legalists who insisted on a strict interpretation of the law and excluded from their doctrine all escatological beliefs. The Pharisees subscribed to a legal system in which the laws of Moses were interpreted to accommodate Babylonian, Persian, Greek and Roman beliefs and Philosophies.
The Pharisees and Babylonian Talmudism
The Pharisees were the spiritual fathers of modern Judaism.
The origin of the Pharisees is uncertain, but their movement is believed to have grown from the Assideans (i.e. the "pious"), who began in the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Greek/Syrian ruler Antiochus IV, or "Antiochus Epiphanes," around 165 B.C. It was during that roughly 4 centuries between the end of the Old Testament record and the birth of Jesus Christ, prior to the rise of the Roman Empire that the idolatrous Greek influence was at its peak in Jerusalem. The first direct mention of the Pharisees was by the Jewish/Roman historian Flavius Josephus in describing the three sects, or schools, into which the Jews were divided in 145 B.C. Of the three major religious societies of Judaism at the time of the New Testament (the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and the Essenes), the Pharisees were often the most vocal and influential.
The name Pharisee in its Hebrew form means separatists, or the separated ones. They were also known as chasidim - extremely ironic in view of the fact that by His time, they made themselves the most bitter, and deadly, opponents of Jesus Christ and His message.7
A Jewish legal body important to Jewish society of first century Palestine was the Sanhedrin, a group of seventy-one scholars drawn from both the Sadducees and Pharisees. They made up a court which meted out life and death under the Talmudic law. The Pharisees controlled the Sanhedrin from 30 BC to 70 AD when Jerusalem was abolished and the Sanhedrin passed out of existence. According to the Gospels, it was before this court that Jesus was charged with blasphemy and condemned to death. Since the Roman occupiers of Jerusalem did not allow the Jews to execute criminals, the case of blasphemy was changed by the Sanhedrin to subversion against the Roman occupation. This was an offense that demanded the death penalty under Roman law.8
Influence on Palestinians
Jesus was born circa 1 AD in Roman occupied Palestine, into a religiously divided society which was being subverted by the blasphemies of both the Sadducees and the Pharisees. Since the Romans allowed the Jews to govern in religious affairs, both of these sects were able to enforce their subverted version of the religion of Abraham and Moses through joint control of the court of the Sanhedrin. And because Jesus Christ was a Threat to that Oppressive/Despotic system; both factions of these over-lapping "special-interest-groups" Conspired to have Jesus Nailed to the Cross. It was in this court that the common, illiterate Palestinian Jew was forced under pain of death to subscribe to the blasphemies imposed on him by both parties. The Pharisees were Direct Participants in this Lawless Conspiracy to Murder the Prophet; even though it seems that it was Roman Soldiers who actually completed the execution.
The Romans complied by acting as agents of the court when they allowed religious penalties which demanded death under Talmudic law to be changed to crimes against the Roman occupation so that the death sentence could be executed.
Jesus had to deal with the triple threat of Sadducees, Pharisees and Romans. It was the presence of these three parties which defined Jesus’ prophetic mission to “the lost sheep of Israel”.9
Concerning the Pharisees, the 1905 Jewish Encyclopedia says: With the destruction of the Temple (70 A.D.) the Sadducees disappeared altogether, leaving the regulation of all Jewish affairs in the hands of the Pharisees. Henceforth, Jewish life was regulated by the Pharisees; the whole history of Judaism was reconstructed from the Pharisaic point of view, and a new aspect was given to the Sanhedrin of the past. A new chain of tradition supplanted the older priestly tradition (Abot 1:1). Pharisaism shaped the character of Judaism and the life and thought of the Jew for all the future. Judaism was synonymous with Pharisaism even, the main distinguishing characteristic of the Jews was a belief in an Oral Law that God gave to Moses at Sinai along with the Torah.
Present “Judaism” is nothing but Babylonian Talmudic Phariseeism, which at base is crass paganism, pantheistic atheism, a rounded mass of all the forms of paganism prepared through the centuries. The Babylonian Talmud, the written form of the Tradition of the Pharisees, is the sole authority of the so-called "Jewish" religion, or Judaism today, which can be ascertained by turning to top Jewish authorities.
Jesus Christ had strongly accused them of hypocrisy and pretentiousness, and pronounced upon them a succession of woes. Jesus Christ said they nullified all the Commandments of God by their Tradition, "teaching for doctrines the commandments of men" (Mark 7:13; Matt. 15:6-9, etc.). His invective, in truth, cannot be equalled. All of Matthew 23 is like a whiplash. He likened Pharisaism to a whited sepulchre, indeed beautiful outwardly, but "inside full of dead men's bones and of all uncleanness." Christ climaxed one condemnation after another with the expletive, "Hypocrites!" He called the Pharisees children of them that killed the Prophets. He foretold they would go on killing, crucifying and persecuting until the guilt for all the righteous bloodshed from Abel on down would be upon them.10
The Prophetic Mission: Jesus Condemns the Sadducees and the Pharisees
Jesus’ mission is clearly described in Malachi chapter two. He was to turn many away from iniquity and the tribes were to seek the law “at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the Lord of Hosts.” Jesus fulfilled this prophecy to the letter. He turned the common people away from the corruption of the Sadducees and the Pharisees by reaffirming the Law of Moses, by cursing them both for not following him (Matt. 23:37) and for asking him questions designed to trap him into making legalistic errors or condemning the Roman occupation (see Matthew 22 and Mark 12). Matthew 3:7 states: “But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warnen you to flee from the wrath to come?”
Matthew 23 continues with the condemnation:
Then spoke Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat… ion:
pers, who hath warnen you to flee from the wrath to come?"he Roman occupation (see Mbes were to seek the law "the Assyrians.
he tribes of Judah and Levi.
Preaches the Kingdom of God and the Law of Moses
Jesus not only condemned the Sadducees and Pharisees, he reaffirmed the Law of Moses and preached the “Kingdom of God” which Muslims call the “unseen”. Jesus began in Matthew, chapter five by offering a comforting message of hope in the hereafter to the poor, illiterate Jews of Palestine:
And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, Blessed….
Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
The persecutors who persecuted the prophets that Jesus refers to were not aliens but the religious leaders of Jerusalem as the Son of Mary explainsples came unto him: And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, in Luke 13:31-35:
O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent to thee; . . .
Affirms the Law of Moses
The second part of the prophecy of Malachi is that the prophet/ priest would reaffirm the true Law of Moses that Jesus accused the Pharisees of corrupting in Matthew 15:1-15:
Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem saying, why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? ….
To emphatically confirm the supremacy of the Law of Moses over the man-made traditions of the elders and to make clear his mission of restoring the purity of the Torah as foretold in Malachi, Jesus announced to his disciples and to the multitudes hearing his preaching from the mountain in Matthew 5:17-20:
Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the (books of the) prophets: I am not to destroy, but to fulfil. . . 11
Why Jesus Christ denunciated Pharisaism, one needs proof, offered by the irrefutable exhibits from Jewish authorities that the Talmud reverses every one of the Ten Commandments, the teachings of Moses and the Prophets, and enshrines their opposites under a "whited sepulchre" which is a disguise for murder and "all uncleanness," as Christ charged. Murder of non-Pharisees is always permitted; theft, sodomy, incest, rape are all permitted. For example, the righteousness of grown men violating baby girls under three is a favourite topic for discussion in book after book of the Talmud.
The repository for this mixture of paganism and Mosaic Law is the Babylonian Talmud which was compiled and redacted over a thousand years (from the Babylonian exile to circa 500 AD). The Talmud supplanted and superseded the Torah as an authority for Jewish law. For instance, sorcery is forbidden in the Torah, Exodus 22: 18 (“Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.”) as well as in many other books of the Old Testament. However, according to the Talmud, the Book of Sanhedrin, as quoted in the 1935 Soncino edition:
Abaye said: The laws of sorcerers are like those of the Sabbath: Certain actions are punished by stoning, some are exempt from Punishment, yet forbidden, whist others are entirely permitted…
What is entirely permitted?-Such as was performed By Rabbi Hanina and Rabbi Oshaia, who spent every Sabbath Eve? In studying the Laws of Creation, by means of which they created a third-grown calf and ate it.
The laws of creation studied by these two rabbis were those of the pagan numerologists, Pythagoras, who supposedly learned to manipulate alphabets and numbers for magical effects during his travels in Babylon and Egypt. The Jews of first century Palestine adapted his system to their alphabet whose most sacred letters, YHWH (the mystical, taboo name of God) the Rabbis Hanina and Oshaia supposedly manipulated to create a calf. This incident illustrates the methods the Pharisees employed to allow the paganism of their captors and occupiers to infiltrate and subvert the Torah of Moses. According to the Jewish Encyclopaedia, the “Talmud is a veritable storehouse of information connected with life, customs, beliefs and superstitions of both Jews and non Jews”. It is a source pagan numerologists, Pythagoras, who of history, medicine, astronomy, commerce and agriculture, demonology and other forms of magic…”life, customs sses
Rabbi Hertz extolls the Babylonian Exile, saying: "The Babylonian Exile is a momentous period… During that Exile Israel found itself. It… rediscovered the Torah and made it the rule of life…"
What he really means is that it was discovered how the Torah or Bible could be used as a "whited sepulchre" for Babylonian degeneracy, as even a cursory study will reveal.
One Rabbi Akiba was a First Century Talmud "sage." Rabbi Hertz lauds Rabbi Akiba:
Akiba was the author of a collection of traditional laws out of which the Mishna actually grew. He was the greatest among the rabbis of his own and of succeeding times… His keen and penetrating intellect enabled him to find a Biblical basis for every provision of the Oral Law.
The commonest statements of all Jewish authorities attribute many customs and doctrines of “Judaism” to Persian, Babylonian, Assyrian sources. The leading paganisms of all the centuries have been gathered up and treasured by Pharisaic Talmudism.12
Babylon was a city-state of ancient Mesopotamia, sometimes considered an empire, the remains of which can be found in present-day Al Hillah, Babil Province, Iraq, about 85 kilometers (55mi) south of Baghdad. All that remains of the original ancient famed city of Babylon today is a mound, or tell, of broken mud-brick buildings and debris in the fertile Mesopotamian plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Babylonia, and particularly its capital city Babylon, has long held a place in Abrahamic religions as a symbol of excess and dissolute power. Many references are made to Babylon in the Bible, both literally and allegorically. The mentions in the Tanakh tend to be historical or prophetic, while New Testament references are more likely figurative, or cryptic references possibly to pagan Rome, or some other archetype. The legendary Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Tower of Babel are seen as symbols of luxurious and arrogant power respectively. A main festival for Babylonians was the Mishtkaru Buylshu, used to ward off evil spirits. Many Babylonians, mostly males, attended this festival at a young age. At this festival, priests would kill, or sacrifice, an animal, usually an ox, in order to make the gods happy. In return, the gods would give permission to the people at the festival to each obtain an amulet that would protect them for the rest of their lives.13
“Babylon the Great” means to the cult of Judaistic Pharasaism, just as the Cross means to Christianity. Babylon was the “Vatican,” center, and spiritual homeland of Pharasaic Babylonian Talmudism, as Chief Rabbi Hertz has put it, from 586 B.C. to 1040 A.D., when the last of the Talmud “academies” moved out into Europe, Asia and Africa from Babylonia. The “glory” of Babylon is referred to in the Talmud. Babylon is the very symbol of moral filth in the whole Old Testament. But those who call themselves “People of the Book” exalt it in every way. Pharisaism today lives by the Babylonian calendar, keeps the Babylonian festivals and Fast of Tammuz, and enshrines its anti-Biblical immorality, including sodomy and burning children to Molech, necromancy, and other execrable practices.
Pharasaism became Talmudism… And the spirit of the ancient Pharisee survives unaltered. When the Jew… studies the Talmud, he is actually repeating the arguments used in the Palestinian academies. Ancient Pharasaism has wandered from Babylonia to Palestine, North Africa, Italy, Spain, France, Germany, Poland, Russia and generally Eastern Europe.
In Rabbi Finklestein's history of the Jews, he states: The Talmud derives its authority from the position held by the ancient “literati” or academies. (i.e. Pharisee) The teachers of those academies of Babylonia were considered the rightful successors of the older Sanhedrin ... At the present time, the Jewish people have no living central authority comparable in status to the ancient Sanhedrins or the later academies.
Therefore, any decision regarding the Jewish religion must be based on the Talmud as the final resumé of the teaching of those authorities when they existed.
(The Jews — Their History, Culture, and Religion , Vol. 4, p. 1332, Jewish Publication Society of America, 1949).
Rabbi Louis Finklestein was chosen in 1937 by the Kehillas (Jewish communities) of the World as one of the top 120 Jews best representing "a lamp of Judaism" to the World, together with Maxim Litvinov, the Communist Commissar and bank robber terrorist; atheist communist Albert Einstein; those untiring Marxist reds, Harold Laski and his friend Felix Frankfurter (U.S. Supreme Court Justice) who shared honors with Rabbi Finklestein and others. Finklestein has long headed the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, with branches in New York and Los Angeles. In his two-volume work "The Pharisees." Rabbi Finklestein writes:
"The Talmud: Heart's Blood of the Jewish Faith," was the heading of a November, 1959, installment of a bestselling book by the Jewish author, Herman Wouk, which ran serially in the New York Herald-Tribune.
“The Talmud is to this day the circulating heart's blood of the Jewish religion. Whatever laws, customs or ceremonies we observe — whether we are Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or merely spasmodic sentimentalists — we follow the Talmud. It is our common law.”
Talmudic pornographic, anti-Gentile doctrines have often caused hostility against it. It may then be argued by some Jews that there is a Palestinian Talmud which is inoffensive. Nevertheless, one may look up the fact that Jewish authorities state Palestinian Talmud was lost for a thousand years, has missing parts and lacks the "Gemara" and other essentials, and is only used as a scholar's curiosity.
British Chief Rabbi Hertz in his foreword to the Soncino edition of the Babylonian Talmud stated: The Palestinian Talmud… was for many centuries almost forgotten by Jewry. Its legal decisions were at no time deemed to possess validity, if opposed by the Babylonian Talmud.
Babylonian Talmudand Cabalism
The “Cabala” is the bone and blood of Talmudic Judaism, which is itself pagan from start to finish. It uses the "whited sepulchre" of the Old Testament to cover its negation of every moral law in the Old Testament as it promotes practice of all the occult demonistic practices denounced by the Old Testament.
The existence of a spirit world, of evil spirits, is mentioned throughout the Holy Bible and Holy Quran. Jesus Christ drove out possessing spirits. There is one hard and fast rule taught on the subject, however: namely, to leave them alone, do no invoking or communicating with them. It is clear that spirit elements could deceive the finite powers of human beings.
"Thou shalt have no other gods before me," is the First Commandment. "And that you shall do no bowing to, or serving them," is the Second Commandment. (Exodus 20:3-5).
Whereas the Bible represents God and the Quran Allah as the Supreme Intelligence, Creator and Ruler, the pagan and atheist Judaistic concept is pantheism. In other words, there is a great nature essence, out of which individual lives percolate blindly without direction. "Pan" (nature) "theism" (god-ism) holds that the sum of nature is god. The Jewish Cabala is a library of literature, all on magic, spiritism, and based on sheer pantheism.
The Cabala has two aspects: theoretical and practical, or "theurgic" (wonderworking). The "God" of the Cabala is "the En Sof,". "The doctrine of the En Sof," says the Jewish Encyclopedia, "is the starting point of all cabalistic speculations." ("Cabala," page 472, Jewish Encyclopedia).
Maimonides, pillar of Talmudism in the Middle Ages, "contributed to the cabalistic doctrine of the En Sof by his teaching that no attributes could be ascribed to God unless it be of Pythagorean origin." (Jewish Encyclopedia, page 465) Pythagoras was a pagan sorcerer who set up a dictatorship along Iron Curtain lines, and who attributed creative powers to letters and numbers, as does the Jewish Cabala.
Two qualities dominate the theoretical Jewish Cabala. Every attribute of Intelligence, of Knowing, Loving or Ruling is stripped from the God and handed over to pagan spirits, who are invoked as in ancient paganism as "other gods," those which were so often denounced by the Prophets. This act of stripping God of Intelligence and reducing Him to a mass of "self-percolating essence," the "En Sof," is nothing but pantheism (the sum of nature being God, without any Supreme Being).
Whether called "emanation" by the Jewish Cabala, "immanence" by Talmudic Spinoza, or renamed by Hegel - for "the real and ideal is taught in the same way in the Cabala as in Hegel" (Jewish Encyclopedia, page 474), or designated "dialectical materialism" by Karl Marx, the result is the same old atheistic concept of nature just waiting for man to run and dominate it.
Every pagan trick of dethroning God and enthroning individual spirits is employed by the Jewish Cabalists. "Casting of Lots, Necromancy, Exorcism … Bibliomancy and letters were developed into complete systems. Hence the cabalistic doctrine of the heavenly alphabets, whose signs are the constellations and the stars. Thus bibliomancy found its justification in the assumption that the sacred Hebrew letters are not merely signs for things, but implements of divine powers by means of which nature may be subjugated" [by Man], says the Jewish Encyclopaedia, under "Cabala," page 479.
The Zohar, Principal Work of the Cabala and Gnosticism
The Zohar as a veritable library, like the Talmud it seeks to nullify all the literal meaning of the Bible . It is more degenerately pornographic, if that were possible, than the Talmud itself.
This the Zohar does by allegorizing. Whereas the "Sages" of the Talmud always give as "higher" meanings their own reversal of Biblical moral laws, the Zohar in more fanciful, and in sex language seeks to reduce to Nature the whole of life and to Glorify Man. The Cabala was the basis of Gnosticism, which today is expressed through such organizations as the National Conference of Christians and Jews, which deceives the unknowing public that there can be "brotherhood between 'Christ' and 'anti-Christ.'
The Zohar's teachings combine practically all the elements of the older Cabala: the doctrines of the primeval Man (Adam Kadmon), of the Sephiroth, of Creation and of the Mercabah … number and letter mysticism, especially in reference to the names of God. . ."
The Jewish Encyclopedia (1905) on the Zohar, states: "It contains a complete cabalistic theosophy". The Zohar in its later form (after the 13th Century) "spread among the Jews with remarkable rapidity … representatives of Talmudic Judaism began to regard it as a sacred book and to invoke its authority in the decision of some ritual questions." (Same reference)
Since the Cabala or Zohar was not merely a theological system but thought to overthrow existing order, it was natural before long Jews should begin to put it into practice. At the age of Voltaire a so called enlightenment during the 18th century we see a host of Jewish cabalist migrating west out of Poland and penetrating the very capitals of Europe. Jewish wander-workers volshim was what they called St. Germain, K.D. Austro, Frank, Folk men of vast wealth and Mystery came upon European cities at the end of the 18th century. 14
Jewish Revolt against the Roman Empire
In 132 A.D. the Jews began a revolt, and for four years carried on a bloody war against Hadrian, Emperor of the Roman World empire from 117 A.D. to his death, 138 A.D.
The reason for this revolt is told by Rodkinson in his History of the Talmud:
One of the causes of the great revolt against the Romans at this time was the prohibition by the Roman government of the study of the Torah [Talmud]… they rebelled, led by Bar Kochba. Rabbi Aqiba (Akiba) was the first to become his adherent, who journeyed from town to town, inciting the Jews to rebel… It is not surprising, therefore, that Hadrian was not contented barely with the massacre of the sages of the Talmud, but was intent also on the destruction of the Talmud itself… he decreed that if any of the old rabbis should qualify a young rabbi… both should be put to death… believing that with the death of the elder generation the Talmud would be forgotten and Israel would blend with the nations and its memory be obliterated; because he very well knew that as long as the Talmud existed there was little hope for the assimilation of the Jews with other nations.
Rodkinson speaks of the disputations which the Popes and Kings held in which the accusers of the Talmud were answered by its defenders. The results were always that when the criminality of the Talmud was revealed in all its horror, the Talmud was ordered burned, expunged, or censored.
After the Bar Kochba revolt in 135, large numbers of Jews were exiled fromRoman Palestine. The Jewish community in Palestine revived. Under Muslim rule, is estimated to have numbered as many as 300,000 prior to the Crusades, about 1000 AD. The Crusaders killed most of the Jewish population of Palestine or forced them into exile, so that only about 1,000 families remained after the re-conquest of Palestine by Saladin. The Jewish community in Palestine waxed and waned with the vicissitudes of conquest and economic hardship. A trickle of Jews came because of love of Israel, and were sometimes encouraged by invitations by different Turkish rulers to displaced European Jews to settle in Tiberias and Hebron. At different times there were sizeable Jewish communities in Tiberias, Safed, Hebron and Jerusalem, and numbers of Jews living in Nablus and Gaza. A few original Jews remained in the town of Peki'in, families that had lived there continuously since ancient times.
Arrival of Jews in Europe and
beginning of Anti-Phariseeism in europe
Anti-Judaism exists since there is no Israeli State and the Jews scatter on the world in “Host Countries " therefore in the Diaspora, live.
After Centuries long captivity in Egypt and later among the Babylonians, frequent emigrations, escapes, divisions and destructions of their empire or state, in their kingdom Israel, established after the escape: So, is the balance of the first 2000 years of the Jewish history.
After Jewish rebellion against the Roman power, Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans and the Jews were killed or were expelled. Since then, no Jewish state exists anymore. Migrating across North Africa and central Europe the great majority of Jews who had lived in Babylon for almost 16 Hundred years now began to find their destinies in the cities of the West yet in coming to the West.” The fled Jews became assimilated in the next century in their refuge-countries. Many Jews hiked after the Jewish rebellions through the entire Roman Empire and settled themselves particularly at its borders, as for example as Worms, Speyer, Mainz and Cologne in many Rhineland cities.
The most of them still hold at the religion of their Forefathers (Pharisaean Cabalism), and their traditional evil practices firm. So, they formed a religious and ethnic minority until the present time in many states of the world.
Talmud unknown to non-Jews
Talmud was kept unknown to non-Jews. There was no usable English translation of the Talmud until the Soncino Edition, 1934-48? When the laws of the Talmud became commonly known in Europe, it was burned over and over by order of the Popes (From the time of Pope Innocent III), excoriated by Martin Luther, denounced everywhere, and its followers exiled from one country after another down through the centuries. The Talmud was burned at the stake in nearly every century from the 11th to the 18th in Italy, France, Germany, Spain, and many other countries…"
The Talmud's basic law is that only the Pharisee Jew ranks as a man, or human being. All others rank as animals, "the people who are like an ass — slaves who are considered the property of the master." The attitude resulting from such teachings has been resented by non-Jews in all countries and centuries. Such resentment, however, is always portrayed by Jews as "persecution of the Jews."
Jews found their Christian neighbours extremely intolerant and the anti-social dedication Jews had taken for granted in Babylon. In order to survive and it was necessary to abandon such Babylonian traditions but that was not that easy as it sounds, for thousand years the Pharisees had commended such dedications.
In the Christian Middle age, the Jews admittedly stood under the protection of the host states, lived even in own quarters, so-called, “Ghettos "however, this concept has become known particularly through the national-socialism. The Christians tried to isolate them also in their work-life; the Membership for the Jews were forbidden in guilds as not-Christians. Consequently they could take up no craft-like occupation, and they were ousted also from the agriculture. Since Christians were denied in the Middle age for religious reasons to take interests, the money-businesses often remained the Jew reservations. This led to it that many Christians were indebted with Jews. So remained them only the money-business and the small-trade.
In the 11th Religious prejudices led century to anti-Jewish legend-formations, which were also up again-grasped into the national- socialism. This, until now as almost harmlessly to marking things however still followed in the same century, in the year 1096, an all- European persecution of the Jews. Thousands of Jews died, in some cities, even whole Jewish communities were wiped out.
During the 12th and 13th Century with its countless regional prosecutions and the14th Century with their temporary climax at the time of the big plague, a continuous immigration of Jews occurred to Poland. Then they settled in the cities nearby, located the German empire and provinces.
Maimonides pillar of Talmudism in the Middle Ages, knew that no Jew who practice Babylonian perversions could remain alive in Christian Lands. He attempted to harmonise Greek Philosophy with the best points of Judaism. He hoped his rationalisation would enable Jews to abandon their anti-social customs.
Maimonides was only partly successful. He was ex-communicated by the Jewish community on a charge of making New Laws.
In fact, most Jews are eager of the Talmud itself that they do not even know that such teachings exist within their sacred literature. Yet the fact remains, that when the Jews came to the West in the middle age and attempted to accommodate the Talmud to Christian society, a tremendous conflict was created.
In Christian lands of the West it became necessary to pretend at many of these teachings did not exist. Even today religious Jews continue to venerate the Pharisees and the Talmud as their greatest source of light of Judaism will ever know.
T HE B abylonian C ODE
Talmudic literature is one long paean of praise for the very name Babylon, and all that it means to Babylonian Talmudism today, whereas it is a term of reproach in Old and New Testaments. The ancient counterparts of the modern Pharisees had schools in Babylon from a very early pre-Christian date. The beginnings of Talmudic literature date back to the time of the Babylonian Exile in the Sixth pre-Christian Century… When a thousand years later, the Babylonian Talmud assumed final codified form in the year 500 after the Christian era, the Roman Western Empire had ceased to be.
We may read concerning these matters from a scholarly work entitled "The Babylonian Talmud", by Sedner Nezikin, London; The Soncino Press, 1935. In the Foreword to this book is an introductory few pages by (The Very Rev. The Chief Rabbi) J.H. Hertz.
When we come to the Babylonian Gerama, we are dealing with what most people understand when they speak or write of the Talmud. It's birthplace, Babylonia, was a autonomous Jewish center for a longer period than any other land, namely, soon after 586 before the Christian era to the year 1040 after the Christian era - 1,626 years . . . "
For a long time it was held that the language in which the Babylonian Talmud was written defied grammatical formulation. This is now seen to be nothing but prejudice. . .
"The style of the Babylonian Talmud is one of most pregnant brevity and succinctness. It is at no time "easy reading". Elliptical expression is a constantly reoccurring feature, and whole sentences are often indicated by as single word. In discussions, question and answer are closely interwoven, and there is an entire absence of demarcation between them. Hard thinking and closest attention are required under the personal guidance of an experienced scholar, or of an elaborate written exposition of the argument, for the discussion to be followed or to be understood. And that understanding cannot be gained by the aid of Grammar or Lexicon alone. Even a student who has fair knowledge of Hebrew and Aramaic, but who has not been initiated into the Talmud by Traditional Jewish guides, will find it impossible to decipher a page!"
We have plain admissions from J.H. Hertz (Chief Rabbi) wherein he reveals that the source of the material which is Codified within their "Talmud" is from "Babylon". This "Babylonian Talmud" is that root-source-repository of so-called "Law" from which the modern Talmud draws its historical roots. J.H. Hertz (Chief Rabbi) and others of the same belief are all quite comfortable referring to it amongst themselves as the "Babylonian Talmud".
But as the ancient city of Babylon is clearly related to terms such as "Babble" aka: "Confusion", and as ancient Biblical texts indicate plainly that this is the source for all of the language confusion and much other problems which has spread throughout the entire world, it is understandable that these ones do seek to downplay the fact that "Babylon" is the spiritual source/center for Their body of "Spiritual-Law Codifications"….. many who modernly claim to be "Jews" are following this set of Spiritual Codifications which have originated in ancient Babylon, and which thereunder are properly known and referable to as the "Babylonian Talmud".
We find similarly enlightening source material in a profoundly insightful work from a gentleman named Guy Carlton, Lee; of Johns Hopkins University in his work: "Historical Jurisprudence", 1922; Pages 12, 17, 18, 38-40, 188-189:
The law of Babylonia has had an immense effect upon that of nearly all the countries of Europe . . . The literature of Babylon has perished; but the element of culture which has endured was greater than the literature. That element is law, an organized intelligible system of rights and duties enforced by the State. . . The great work of the nation was the production of a system of law, necessary to the extended commercial activity of the city . . . The complex Babylonian civilization, which produced a commercial law in advance of any other ancient system . . . was . . . the product of . . . its relations to the other countries of the world.
The exercise of judicial functions, at least in matters of commercial law, seems to have been in the hands of the hierarchy. The reasons for this may have been in part those which, in the mediaeval period of European history, threw the control of legal procedure largely into the hands of the ecclesiastics. In Babylon, the custom of documentary evidence in almost all transactions . . . and the wide extent to which written contracts were employed, made the notarial and judicial functions of the priests very extensive. But the part taken in business transactions by the priesthood was appropriate for another reason, which perhaps had more influence in the time of the early law, before the purely commercial side had been developed. This was the part which was connected with contractual oaths, which at first were numerous. The contracting parties were obliged in their contracts to swear by the principal god of the country, and by the reigning prince, that they would abide by the conditions of the contract . . ."
The Babylonian Law developed to the fullest extent the idea of a “Contract”. Almost any possible business transaction was reduced to the form of a contract and was executed with the same formalities - i.e., with witnesses, notary, and signature. Thus the points as to deeds, sales, mortgages, loans, and banking are in no respect different in form from the matter of hiring, rent and leases, partnership, testaments, and domestic relations, including adoption. Transactions so very different could be reduced to the same principle, or brought under the one head, only by a highly abstract conception of contract itself. From forms of contract . . . we pass to the relations of master and servant, leases, and future delivery of goods.
In a Master and Servant Contract, a man might well make a contract with another whom he hired for a year, or whom he contracted to serve for a year. . . example . . . In connection with this contract, it should be noted that Ubarru was regarded as a free agent, hiring himself out. But since he enters into a relation to his master in which he is temporarily in the condition of a slave.
In the case of a slave, the name of the slave's father is never given. The slave is not regarded or spoken of as a man, but as a thing, and is reckoned in the same way as cattle. The actual point of this contract is the transfer of the right to a man's services. Such a transaction is but a part of the whole Babylonian system, whereby every credit or right was passed from one to another by means of contracts.
The law was very strict as to the beginning and termination of these contracts. . . If the servant did not appear, he could be arrested and brought to his master, as he was his master's man. ...
This species of . . . slavery was of great importance and very customary in Old Babylon.
Mr. Guy Carlton, Lee from Johns Hopkins University clearly recognizes that Babylon's Religious Priesthood is commonly recognizable as the source of all of the modern so called "Laws of Commerce". These "Laws of Commerce" are shown to be a specific body of Codes which authorize the Administration of the Compelling Force of the State in the Enforcement of Contracts, mostly for Payments of Debts. The ancient Babylonian Priests were involved because Contracts were deemed to be a form of "Oath" entered into by the contracting parties; and the approval of their Gods were invoked so as to more effectively legitimize/bamboozle the entire process in the minds and the consciences of the contracting parties and all public witnesses.
These Babylonian Religious Codes recognized the ability to buy and sell contracts between merchants in "Commerce". They sold and "bought . . . slaves and the souls of men" in the time of Christ, and before and after, just precisely as is recognized in Revelation 18: 11-13. Under this system of Babylonian Codes, contracted-debtor-people were Forcibly Compelled to perform the contract regardless of Conscionability, or who was the original contract-creditor. This Babylonian Religious Commercial-Code depended in large part on a deeper set of Slave-Trading Codes. And these all are still recognizable and very frequently enforced under what modern legal text-books refer to as: "Master-Servant Relationships".
Under the ancient Babylonian Religious Codes, "Slavery" is clearly facilitated. People were not recognized as People there-under, but were items in Commerce. The Slave could be arrested and assaulted by government officers for not showing up for work on time. The text-book says that "The slave is not regarded or spoken of as a man, but as a thing, and is reckoned in the same way as cattle". In the American History, "Slavery" was a very Common Practice, both against the Black Race, and also against all other races, including Orientals and the economically disenfranchised Caucasian/White Race. The Problem of "Oppression" is Not a Race Problem, it is a Economic-Class and Religious Problem.
In the above quoted text, and with reference to these ancient Babylonian-based "Slave-Trading" Codes; Mr Lee goes on to make it clear they were passed down to the Roman Slave-Traders in his statement "Of . . . these Rome was . . . possessed from the earliest period . . . ".
History seems to tell that many Israelites had been Captured into Slavery in Babylon. Since the time of Jesus, many Israelites had returned from the Babylonian Captivity. During the Captivity; many of the Babylonian Commercial/Slave-Trader/Merchant Codes seemed to have Infected Israelite-Society. It is that this injection worked to Under-Mine the Godly Principles of the more ancient Israelite Torah-Laws. Yet the "Pharisees" Openly Embraced this Babylonian System of Slave-Trading Codes. Christ/Messiah Jesus/Yeshuah and his followers were Crucified for speaking-out boldly against these Evils of the Romans and their False-Israelite Pharisee Puppet-drones. As revealed above, the Romans were already followers of those same Babylonian Slave-Trading Codes. This indicates that the Connection between the Roman Slave-Traders and the Pharisees was more than a mere coincidence. This indicates that at some point in the even more ancient history; the Roman Slave-Traders and the Pharisee of Israel; were of Common Cultural Ancestry.
The "Babylonian Talmud" contains much of the Commercial Slave-Trading Mercantile Codifications of "Master-Servant Relationships" which originated in Babylon. Those of the "Pharisee" (Rabbinical-Judaism) belief-system, refer in their "Babylonian Talmud" to those who are Not of their culture; as "Goim" or "Gois". These words translate to mean "Human Cattle". This is precisely how historical textbooks indicate that the ancient Babylonians referred to their Slaves.
The present day Talmud
Babylon was the “Vatican,” center and spiritual homeland of Pharasaic Babylonian Talmudism, Chief Rabbi Hertz has put it, from 586 B.C. to 1040 A.D., when the last of the Talmud “academies” moved out into Europe, Asia and Africa from Babylonia.
And Pharisaism and its Traditions (Talmud) went from Babylon to Africa, Europe and all over the world, so that the Jew today repeats Pharisaic arguments when he studies Talmud, says Rabbi Louis Finkelstein, of the Jewish Theological Seminary, one of Jewry ‘s world top Jews.
From Talmud “academies” in Babylon, at Sura, Hehardea, Nisibis, Pumbeditha, Talmudic ideas and decisions went out and were accepted by the “Jews” of the world.
The Jewish Encyclopaedia, considering “the general influence of Babylonia upon European Judaism,” states: “The West received both the written and the oral Law from Babylonia,” and even after the close of the Talmudic “glories” in Babylon (1040 A.D.): “Babylonia, however still continued to be regarded with reverence by the Jews in all parts… in the Ninth Century… Jews of Abyssinia placed ‘the sages of Babylon’ first in their prayers … a similar prayer, although it has quite lost its application, is extant today in many congregations. Rabbi Paltiel of Cairo contributed one thousand gold pieces to the schools of Babylonia… in accordance… with a custom prevalent in all places where Jews dwelt… . Toward the end of the Twelfth Century Benjamin of Tudela… relates that the ‘nasi’ of Damascus received his ordination from the academic head of Babylonia so that this country was still predominant in the minds of the Jews of the Moslem world.” (Jewish Encyclopedia, “Babylonia,”
The complete devotion to Babylon of the Pharisee Jewish religion may be seen if only by reading the Jewish Encyclopedia. These illustrate the proud and devoted attitude of Pharisaism toward Babylonia, which is the glory and source of their Pharisee tradition, the Talmud. Until 1040 A.D., we read, the Talmud-Cabala academies in Babylonia shone — then finally closed to spread Talmudic “learning” to the rest of the world, moving up through Spain and across Europe. We also read that “the Academy of Sura… reached a point of unprecedented splendor… Pumbedita… in 1040 also passed away after an existence of 800 years… Babylonian learning should be transplanted to Europe … This forms an appropriate point at which to consider the general influence of Babylonia upon European Judaism.
"The colleges for the study of the Talmud are increasing almost in every place where Jews dwell, especially in the USA where millions are gathered for the funds of the two great colleges, the Hebrew Union College of Cincinnati and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York, in which the chief study is the Talmud and its post-Talmudical literature."
This was written early in the present century. Is what Rodkinson wrote true today?
The answer is "yes." Not only are Hebrew Union College of Cincinnati and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America more active than ever, but a network of schools to teach the Talmud to young Jews now exists from coast to coast. For example, in the Chicago area, the Associated Talmud Torahs of Chicago oversees some 57 schools where the Talmud is taught to young Jews, commencing with their tender years.
If you are told by anyone that the Jewish Talmud is merely ancient history concerning Judaism, don't be fooled. The Talmud is present-day Judaism and without it so-called Judaism would not exist.
The Bible manipulated
The Bible under Talmudic Judaism is considered to be a collection of simple tales fit only for fools, women and children.
The Talmud "sages" thus must find new meanings in it by letter and number tricks which reverse the plain meaning and create out of it the permission to do otherwise forbidden crimes and misdeeds. The words of the Bible are continually misused, misquoted and manipulated for purposes of blasphemy and reversal.
Stealing for themselves the title of "Israelites," the Talmud "sages" teach that "God made a covenant with Israel only for the sake of that which was transmitted orally." And the Biblical "basis" of this is given as Exodus 34:27. But that verse states, instead: "And the Lord said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel" —just the opposite! (Talmud, Gittin 60b) The Talmudic reversal of Moses' written words are said to have been transmitted "orally," and through Moses himself !
The Scribes were the Pharisee teachers of the Law of Moses, carefully changed to comprise the Talmud so that a Biblical law may be acceptable."
The Torah in its narrow sense is the Old Testament, and in a still narrower meaning the first five books (Pentateuch) of Moses. In its wider Judaistic use it means the Old Testament as misinterpreted by the Pharisaic Talmud.
The first English translation of the Babylonian Talmud was in 1903 by Rodkinson (real name — M. Levi Frumkin), and was edited by Rabbi Isaac M. Wise, "Father" of so-called "Reform Judaism." Rodkinson deleted much of the filth which is in the unexpurgated Talmud, and used no identifying folio numbers, as were in the original, but nevertheless, even this abridged translation proved very revealing.
Regarding the contents of Talmud, it must be remembered that only with the relatively unexpurgated Soncino translation of the Talmud in this century, in the contemporary language, English, has it become possible for the non-Jew to receive the full impact of what the Talmud says. In other trials arguments could rage as to what a Yiddish or Hebrew text of the Talmud really meant, if translated. Nevertheless, the Jews always ultimately lost such arguments, as witness the condemnation of the Talmud by non-Jews through the centuries.
Even the Soncino English translation of the Talmud is not readily available except in major libraries, to be read there and not taken out.
Clement VII (another Medici servant of Jewry) was the bastard son of Guilio, brother of Lorenzo the Magnificent, who founded a pagan salon, the Platonic Academy. The Platonic Academy attempted the old Talmudic strategy of "harmonizing" pagan philosophy with Christianity, as Maimonides had tried to do with Biblical Judaism. Lorenzo had his son Giovanni (Leo X) made a Cardinal, through his influence with Innocent VIII, at 13, having also been made an Archbishop at 7. Ready to ascend the throne, Giovanni promptly made five of his relatives Cardinals, including his bastard cousin, Giulio. Leo X (Giovanni), made Pope on March 11, 1513, was ordained a priest on the 15th and made a Bishop on the 19th of the same month, and he reigned until December 1, 1521, nine years.
It was this Pope, Leo X, who launched the selling of indulgences in 1517, the immediate cause of Luther's break with the Church, and of Europe's arousal. Every effort was made to corrupt and Talmudize the Church from the inside, while Jewry worked to wreck it from the outside. The hotheads among Jews, says Jewish historian Cecil Roth, expected to end Christianity and supplant it with Talmudism.
- Quote paper
- Saladin F. (Author), 2011, The Babylonian Code - Vol. One, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/171474