The attitude of Serb minority towards the institutions of the Republic of Kosova


Scientific Study, 2012

26 Pages


Excerpt

Contents

1. Introduction

2. The declaration of the independence of Kosova and the rights of Serb minorities per the Constitution of the Republic of Kosova

3. The attitude of Serb minority towards the institutions of the Republic of Kosova
3.1 The attitude of Serb minority towards the Kosova Police
3.2 The attitude of Serb minority towards education institutions
3.3 The attitude of Serb minority towards judicial institutions
3.4 The attitude of Serb minority towards municipalities

4. Serbia’s funding in Kosova’s Serbian minority…

5. Serbian Criminal armed Structures in the Republic of Kosova

6. Summary

7. Bibliography

8. Abbreviations

Author

1. INTRODUCTION

The Republic of Kosova as the youngest country in the world, established after many years of its existence, with its ancient Illyrian origin, includes minorities as well. Although its current territory is small, the diversity of its population is great. It consists of Turks, Gorani, Ashkali, Serbs, Egyptians, Croats, etc.., with the Serb minority being the largest one.

This population has settled in Kosova at different period of times, mainly and mostly after the withdrawal of the Ottoman Empire, following the declaration of the independence of Albania in 1912, then in the following years 1913, 1914 and onwards, while on the basis of the international treaties, when the Albanian lands, in this case Kosova, were annexed. These long periods of settling of the Albanian lands with Serbs had changed the demographic picture of Kosova.

Nowadays, with the declaration of independence of Kosova in 2008, the Serb minority have been granted all of the maximum rights that a minority in the world might have. Their rights are as large as to some extent the majority population, the Albanians, let alone other minorities which are almost same in the number as Serbs are, feel discriminated.

Kosova institutions have opened their doors and reserved seats in every institutional aspect.

However, this is not satisfying the Serb minority, where the desire of being the first is making them blind, their involvement within the institutions is very much a formal one, as to get double benefits, whereas their contribution to the institutions of the Republic of Kosova is very minimal.

The reason for choosing this subject for study is the one that, despite the fact that Serb minority has been given all the opportunities for a better life in Kosova, they still lack the willingness to contribute as any other minority in the world. Every country in the world in itself has got minorities, Kosova has minorities as well and the fact that Serbs may also be a minority in a country is not properly understood by them.

In fact, the entire world understands this situation, but their unfair attitude towards the Republic of Kosova, behaving like its masters, thinking that one should always serve them, by thanking them day and night, is immensely damaging Kosova.

Everyone knows and we know it as well that the Serb minority is exaggeratedly spoiled and that the Serbian politics is very active in Europe, while the Serb minority in Kosova is only a tool used by them.

The Serb minority has entered and gets out of the Kosovo institutions and boycotts them any time they wish to, without any consequences for those actions, it commits criminal actions and still is unsatisfied.

Their actions are very odd, both in relation to others and themselves.

In this case, I will only address some of the sectors in which they are involved, by being aware that the Serb minority is part of all institutions, even in the most vital ones, such as, Police, Security Forces, Government, Parliament, etc., I will only tackle some of them.

I will, however, address some of the criminal actions taken and are being taken occasionally but also permanently by some members of Serb minority living in the Republic of Kosova.

2 THE DECLARATION OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF KOSOVA AND THE RIGHTS OF SERB MINORITIES AS PER THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVA

The independence of Albania, and the independence of Kosova as part of the overall ethnic territory, was declared in 1912. Its occupation led by Serbo-Slavic troops left Kosova outside the ethnic borders of Albania and in 1913 the European ambassadors gave away Kosova to Serbia.

Kosova came under the rule, of then state of Serbia, and later under the rule of Yugoslavia, under which Serbia still continued its domination over the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosova, and after the break-up of the Yugoslav federation, Serbian invasion of Kosova was radicalized.

Since 1912, Kosovo Albanians, who were the majority, have been continuously a subject of violence and discriminatory repression in the racial and ethnic aspect. Although, throughout this historic journey, it continued to be as a special part on itself, regardless of its naming as an autonomous province of Yugoslavia, or as "part of Serbia" as Serbs used to call it.

Its Independence was reaffirmed in 1990, when it declared its independence from the Yugoslav state, along with other states of Yugoslavia, it was a further momentum that Albanians in Kosova realize their real and severe situation under the Serbian occupation.

Given the fact that Serbia used to live on the shoulders of others and over those shoulder to brag and take the primacy in every territory of that time Yugoslavia, it was Serbia that sparked wars throughout the geographical area that it touched, and those wars always resulted with secession of territories which later gained independence.

The whole world witnessed how Serbia put the flame in the heart of Balkans and with its terror and genocide killed hundreds and thousands of innocent people.

At the end, Kosova was a subject of violence and continuous genocide as well and this prompted Albanians to finally stand up and take up arms in defending their country and to conclude the liberation of Kosova.

The Kosova Liberation Army was born and its fight that ended on July 1999 gave the end to the century of Serbian occupation, it paved the way to freedom, which was a dream of many generations in Kosova and this had brought also the declaration of the independence of Kosova.

Kosova declared its independence on February 17th 2008.

Kosova, in its Constitution is declared an “independent, sovereign, democratic, unique and inseparable state”[1] with the aim of being equal with other countries, a stable, intact and inalienable country.

The declaration of Kosova's independence became a great warranty for Albanians, but also for all other citizens, such as, Serbian, Turkish, Roma and Ashkali minorities, etc. and the violence committed in a systematic way against the Albanians by the occupier became a lesson learned on how should one not behave to another.

The Republic of Kosova had established the foundations as a democratic state with its Constitution, a foundation built ​​up to the highest standards that any other Constitution in the world can have.

Being aware that other minorities live in the Republic of Kosova, beside Albanians, the highest legal act of Kosova emphasizes that it will be focused on respecting the rights and freedoms for all its citizens, their equality before the law, quoting, it serves to “protect the rights and participation of all communities and their members”[2] in the state of Kosova.

Although Serbs are a minority, the Constitution of the Republic of Kosova grants them the highest rights that a constitution in any other country might grant to its minorities.

It is the same in practice as well, even beyond the Constitution, Serbs have more rights than any other minority in Kosova, even more rights than in other countries[3] .

Serbs are entitled to their language as an official language[4] , and “have access to an independent television station, throughout the Republic of Kosova[5] , which is licensed in Serbian”, then have a number of seats in the Assembly, “at a minimum of ten (10) reserved seats, and if the number of seats won is less than ten (10)"[6] , then one of the Vice Presidents to be elected is reserved for the Serbian community"[7] , in the government bodies, two deputy prime-minister[8] and a Minister[9] position are also reserved for members from the “Serbian community”, then a reserved seat in the Kosova Judicial Council, where two members from the Serb minority are appointed on a five year term and elected from among Serb Members of the Parliament and many other rights.

In spite of these reserved rights for the Serb minority, they haven’t demonstrated the adequate readiness to accept the new reality, the independent state of Kosova.

This kind of their stubbornness and denial of the reality is probably largely influenced by the Serbian government, which, publicly, does not want to admit that Kosova is already independent and that its long occupation ended shedding light onto the false history about Kosova, especially Albanians, which is being taught at their schools.

Since 1999 the international community in Kosova had felt themselves as part of the Kosova’s freedom, where NATO bombing had given support to the Kosovo Liberation Army in its fight for freedom.

Although many countries that were part of the international system since 1999, had not been part of the international contribution in liberating of Kosova from the Serbian occupation and violence, they had become an important factor in the establis

[...]


[1] The Constitution of the Republic of Kosova, article 1, par.1, Prishtina, 2008

[2] The Constitution of the Republic of Kosova, article 3, par.2, Prishtina, 2008

[3] In Latvia the 1/3 of the population is Russian and again the Russian language is not an official language. A referendum has been organized for such an issue, based on the request from the Russian population, and yet again 75% of the voters have been against the fact that the Russian language becomes the second official language in Latvia (News in Top News, Sunday, 19.2.2012, time 18:56)

[4] The Constitution of the Republic of Kosova, article 5.1

[5] Therein, article 59, par. 11

[6] Therein, article 64, par.2, point 1

[7] Therein, article 67, par.4

[8] therein, article 96, par.4

[9] therein, article 96, par.3

Excerpt out of 26 pages

Details

Title
The attitude of Serb minority towards the institutions of the Republic of Kosova
Author
Year
2012
Pages
26
Catalog Number
V202472
ISBN (eBook)
9783656287100
ISBN (Book)
9783656288206
File size
648 KB
Language
English
Tags
The rights of Serb minorities per the Constitution of the Republic of Kosova, The attitude of Serb minority towards the Kosova Police, The attitude of Serb minority towards education institutions, The attitude of Serb minority towards judicial institutions, The attitude of Serb minority towards municipalities, Serbian Criminal armed Structures in the Republic of Kosova, Kosovo, Serbia
Quote paper
M.Sc. Naser Sopjani (Author), 2012, The attitude of Serb minority towards the institutions of the Republic of Kosova, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/202472

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