A Comparative Study of the Factors of Personality traits Among Students of Arts, Commerce and Science of Lunawada College (Gujarat-India)


Studienarbeit, 2013
20 Seiten

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Index

Introduction

Review of literature

Objectives

Sample

Variables

Hypothesis

Tools & techniques

Discussions and Charts

Conclusion

Suggestions

References

Explanation of factors

Introduction

Today many interesting researches are being conducted in the field of psychology. Research on home environment, anxiety, mental health, emotional maturity etc find the place in many leading journals of psychology. Topic of personality traits has drawn attention of many researchers in psychology. Research in personality traits has received a great deal of attention in the last few decades. Comparative study on personality traits of different social groups is worth exploring. Therefore a researcher has selected an interesting topic of comparing the personality traits of Arts, Commerce and Science students. It is also worthwhile to compare the personality traits of males and females. Different inventories of evaluating personality are available. From the available test of personality, the researcher has selected 16 PF of cattle to collect relevant data. Personality is defined as characteristics and distinctive ways of behaving according to C.T. Morgan. The individual behaves in the environment according to his personality traits. The oldest approach to the problem of identifying characteristic and distinctive ways of behaving is to establish a limited number of traits that can be measured with standardised personality tests. 16 PF is one such standard personality inventory

A scientific way of selecting and measuring a limited number of traits is the technique of factor analysis. Different researchers have identified several factors of personality and constructed standard personality inventories. One such popular personality test is 16 PF of cattle. The trait name represents the 16 personality factor obtained by factor analysis of large number of rating of different groups. In the present research, researcher has used standardised Gujarati version of original 16 PF of cattle

Review of Literature

A. “ A comparative study of factors of personality traits among players of individual and team games of universities of Gujarat ” The above research was conducted by Dr. Harish M. Desai, Head of Physical Education, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, under the guidance of Dr. P.B. Thambar, Director, Department of Physical Education.M. S. University of Baroda. The sample consisted of total 420 players, 210 males and 210 females. Researcher administered 16 PF to those persons. The scoring was done according to manual. The statistical analysis consisted mean, SD and T. Significant difference in personality traits was found in males and females. As well as players of individual events and team events

B. Personality and culture revisited: Linking traits and dimensions of culture

The above study was conducted in Tilberg, Netherland, by Geert Hofstede, Robert R Mcnac. It was concerned with trait and preliterate societies. In these research taxonomies of personality traits and cultural values was discussed. The five- factor model of personality is universally valued taxonomy of traits. In analysis of recently reported data, mean personality score of 33 countries were significantly correlated with culture dimension score. Environmental and temperamental explanations were discussed for this

C. University students personality traits and entrepreneurial intention:

Using entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial attitudes as mediating variable, the study was conducted by Su-Changchen, Professors and Ling-Lingsing, lecturer in National Penghu university of Science & Technology, Taiwan

This study aims to probe into relationship between personality traits & entrepreneurial attitude. A total of 550 questionnaires were distributed to seven universities in Taiwan. After eliminating the questionnaires with incomplete answers & invalid ones, there were 392 variety samples with a valid return rate of 71.27%. The result indicated that openness to experience; extraversion and conscientiousness influence entrepreneur attitude entrepreneurship & entrepreneurial attitude reveal partial mediating effects between openness to experience, extraversion and conscientiousness in personality traits & entrepreneur intention

Objectives:

The present research was carried out with the following objectives

I. To find out the difference in personality traits of Arts, Commerce and Science students
II. To find out the difference in personality traits between males and females students

Sample:

150 students from Lunawada Arts, Commerce and Science College were selected randomly. The distribution of sample is shown as under

illustration not visible in this excerpt

Comparison between these groups will follow the following patterns

P*XQ**, Q**XR***, P*XR***

Variables:

Variables of this study are shown in following table

Independent variables:- Students of Arts, Commerce & Science

Dependent variables :- Personality traits

Hypothesis

For present study, following hypothesis were framed

1) There will be no significant difference in factors of personality traits among Arts and Commerce students.
2) There will be no significant difference in factors of personality traits among Commerce and Science students.
3) There will be no significant difference in factors of personality traits among Arts and Science students.
4) There will be no significant difference in factors of personality traits among male and female students

Tools for the data collection:

Standardized Gujarati version of original 16 PF prepared by Dr. J.H Shah and Dr. R.S Patel of educational faculty of Gujarat University, was used as a tool of data collection. The reliability and validity of the said test has been worked out by researcher of the present test

Discussion:- Present research has been under taken to compare the factors of personality traits among Arts & Commerce students, commerce & science students, Arts & science students. For the purpose of this study 50 arts, 50 commerce and 50 science students were selected as sample. Each group consisted of 25 male students and 25 female students. Out of total sample of 150 students, 75 were males and 75 were females. It was hypotheses that there is no significant difference in the personality traits among arts and commerce, commerce and science, arts & science students, male & female students

Standardised Gujarati version of 16 PF test prepared by Dr. J. H. Shah and Dr. R. S. Patel was used for collecting data. Two cardboards & stencil scoring keys were used. Key-1 covered factors (Traits) A, C, F, H, L, N, Q1 & Q3. Key-2 covered other factors (traits) B, E, G, I, M, O, Q2 & Q4. The scores were summed up and row scores were covered into “sten” with the help of norms of Form A and form B

For the statistical analysis of the collected data mean & S.D. were worked out initially and then to find out significant difference between the groups “t” ratio was worked out. The level of significance for‘t’ ratio was 0.05. The discussion of four tables is as under:

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Details

Titel
A Comparative Study of the Factors of Personality traits Among Students of Arts, Commerce and Science of Lunawada College (Gujarat-India)
Autor
Jahr
2013
Seiten
20
Katalognummer
V213840
ISBN (Buch)
9783656423546
Dateigröße
499 KB
Sprache
Deutsch
Schlagworte
psychology, Research Paper
Arbeit zitieren
Ankit Patel (Autor), 2013, A Comparative Study of the Factors of Personality traits Among Students of Arts, Commerce and Science of Lunawada College (Gujarat-India), München, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/213840

Kommentare

  • Ankit Patel am 23.5.2013

    thanks for publish my paper

  • Gast am 24.6.2013

    nice

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