Table of Contents
2 Definition of Job Satisfaction
2.1 Job Satisfaction: Environmental and Genetic Component…
2.2 Correlation to personality
3 Implementation for managers
Different fields of research showed that companies obtain improved results if their employees are satisfied with their job. Thus, job satisfaction is essential for employees’ job performance. Satisfaction in return is influenced by different aspects: one of which is the individual’s personality.
In the following, I will discuss the question to what extend genes determine jobsatisfaction, and for what reason and how managers should care about employee jobsatisfaction. I will refer to a study, which shows how genes influence job satisfaction.The results of the study lead to the assumption that personality influences satisfactiondirectly. To conclude I discuss the importance of job satisfaction for managers and howthey should take care of it.
2) Definition of Job Satisfaction
Job Satisfaction is the positive attitude of an employee towards his job (Hosie, Sevastos, and Cooper, 2006, p.45). Thus, job satisfaction is an essential part of the motivation to do a good job and work hard.
Job satisfaction is based on two categories of satisfaction: First, the employee issatisfied about his job when intrinsic satisfaction factors are positive (Hosie et al., 2006,pp. 45-46). Hence, intrinsic satisfaction is the positive attitude towards the kind of workhe does. Most people prefer to do a challenging task, which is based on training, varietyand responsibility. The job has to give each employee the chance to show his skills andto control his own work. Second, extrinsic satisfaction refers to the general workingconditions such as payment, rewards, feedback and job security (Hosie et al., 2006,p.46). If the general organization of the job works well, the extrinsic satisfaction ispositive.
However, job satisfaction is also affected by individual personality and temper. Everybody has a different personality and a different disposition towards life. Thus, each employee can be dissatisfied or satisfied under similar circumstances.
However, recent findings indicate that job satisfaction is genetically determined. Arvey, Bouchard, Segal, and Abraham (1989) used twins to compare job satisfaction and to get to the result how genes determine job satisfaction.
2.1) Job Satisfaction: Environmental and Genetic Components
Why are some employees easier to satisfy and others not? What influences theseattitudes? These questions were the guidelines for Arvey et al. (1989). The researchersused 34 monozygotic twin pairs who were reared apart from an early age and observedin their forties. Monozygotic twins were chosen due to their conform genetic structure.
The twin pairs had to do a work history questionnaire containing job satisfaction items.These items refer to general job satisfaction as well as to intrinsic and extrinsicsatisfaction.
The results show that genes determine 30% of job satisfaction (Illies and Judge, 2003).Especially, intrinsic job satisfaction and general job satisfaction indicate geneticdetermination.
In conclusion, the scientists found out that the twins have the same ability to be satisfied in their job. But a “job satisfaction gene”, which influences the satisfaction about the work directly, does not exist. On the contrary, this ability to be satisfied easily or hardly is a part of a person’s personality.
2.2) Correlation to Personality
Personality impacts job satisfaction because some people have the tendency to negativeemotions and they get hardly satisfied with their job; other people get easily satisfiedwith their job.
Judge, Erez, and Bono (1998) specified the personality by selecting four personality factors which show the necessary aspects of a positive personality. If a person is emotional stabile, has self-esteem, self-efficacy and internal locus of control, his personality is positive (Judge, Erez, and Bono, 1998, pp. 167-170), Thus, people who are satisfied with their life in general, competent and emotional stable seem to be rather self-confident. This kind of people is important for each manager because they have a positive attitude towards their job.
- Quote paper
- Laura Weil (Author), 2012, Given the recent findings which indicate that job satisfaction is largely genetically determined, why should managers care about employee job satisfaction?, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/263991