Value of Truth - Censorship and noble falsehood in Platos Republic


Essay, 2014
10 Pages, Grade: 1,7

Excerpt

Table of Contents

1.Introduction and Objectives

2. The just City

3. Value of truth in Socrates “Just City”

4. Publication bibliography

1.Introduction and Objectives

The theme censorship and the value of truth is also 2500 years later very relevant and will probably not change. Governments and other non government organizations are still withholding information, do censorship and spread fake information in the so-called interest of the citizen.

In the book Republic Socrates tries to find the nature of Justice and in order to do so, Socrates uses Censorship and falsehoods to create a fictional “perfect” city. The object of this paper is it to show the censorship and falsehood in the book 2&3 of the Republic and examine the reasons of the use of them. Furthermore this paper will analyze the value of censorship and truth in the republic and compare it with other sources.

2. The just City

The main topic in the beginning of the Republic is the nature of Justice and the question if justice is good and if it is better to live an unjust life or a just (358 b,c).

In book 2 & 3 of Plato´s Republic Socrates creates a just city because he assumes that there must be more justice in a just city than in a just man (369a). Therefore it should be easier to learn what justice is (369a). Socrates and Glaucon imagine a city in which nobody suffers a greater lack of something and with an average level of luxury for the normals craftsmen and farmers of the city (372e). Because of that they think it is necessary to have an adequate army to protect the city from invaders(374a). These so called “Guardians” are a class of fighters with the task to protect the city from enemies from in- and outside (414b). In contrast to the craftsmen and the farmers are the guardians not allowed to posses any private property(416d). Socrates thinks that this makes them more loyal to city and citizen and save them from bribery and greed (417). The best of the guardians are the rulers (379c) who control the city and the rest of the guardians are auxiliaries (414b). In order to get the best guardians who are able to be gentle to their own people and harsh to the enemy (375c) Socrates and Glaucon create a complex education system to educate the guardians properly in the necessary fields.

2.1 Education of the Guardians

The education of the Guardians in the just city “Kallipollis” serves the purpose to prepare them to be effective fighters and to fit their role as gentle protectors of the city. It covers the whole development of a child and concerns especially a total training of the character (Annas 1981, p. 82). Socrates describes this necessary guardian character as gentle and high spirited at the same time (375c). To describe this he compares the perfect guardian with a dog. Because a dog judges anything what he sees to be either a friend or an enemy (376b) and a guardian would need to do the same decision based on knowledge and philosophy.

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Excerpt out of 10 pages

Details

Title
Value of Truth - Censorship and noble falsehood in Platos Republic
College
Istanbul Technical University  (Department of Humanities & social science)
Course
Ancient political theory
Grade
1,7
Author
Year
2014
Pages
10
Catalog Number
V267090
ISBN (eBook)
9783656576259
ISBN (Book)
9783656594864
File size
349 KB
Language
English
Notes
Kurzessay zum Thema Zensur und Geschitsklitterung in Platos Buch Politeia. - Shortessay to censorship and noble falsehood in Platos Republic
Tags
Plato, censorship, zensur, noble falsehood, value of truth
Quote paper
Paul Precht (Author), 2014, Value of Truth - Censorship and noble falsehood in Platos Republic, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/267090

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