Assignment on the topic: “The terms “multicultural”, “cross cultural”, intercultural”. Meaning. Differences. Area of using.”
All human beings have culture, no matter which their level of formal education or where they were born. The meanings of the terms “multicultural”, “cross-cultural”, intercultural” have already explained by many scientists, but in spite of this nowadays they are discussions about what this words actually mean, what differences between them and in which area is it using of this words appropriate.
Multiculturalism is often contrasted with the concepts of assimilations and has been described as a "salad bowl" or "cultural mosaic" or „mixed salad“. It is not necessarily mean that each person from society belongs to different cultures. A lot of human beings speak more than one language, many of us share more than one culture with different groups of people we interact with. (Burgess, 2005 p.31) The people who live in border regions or in such countries as Australia, some part of the USA and South Africa, where immigrants from some counties built the culture, have different cultures, which they are used to respect. For example, you can be Russian, but when you come back to Ukraine you can be German. Another scientists say that multiculturalism is a society “at ease with the rich tapestry of human life and the desire amongst people to express their own identity in the manner they see fit.” (Bloor, 2010, p. 272) This meaning is partly combined with the first meaning, but it emphasises the behaviour of individual in society. A common aspect of many policies is that they avoid presenting any specific ethnic, religious, or cultural community values as central. Multiculturality begins when some develop the ability to understand foreigners according to these foreigners’ own standards. Multicultural ideology refers to “overall evaluation of the majority group addressing the degree to which they possess positive attitudes toward immigrants and cultural diversity”. (See, 1998)
Cross culture is more than a one culture, this means that often cultures are compared or contrast. Cultural differences may be understood or acknowledged, but are also managed in a way that does not allow for individual or collective transformation. (The United Church of Canada, 2011)
Intercultural is highly involved in process of maintaining the link between individuality and culture. There are mutually reciprocal relationships among and between cultures. The focus is on relationship building (not survival), deep connections, interactions, mutual gifting, respect, and learning from one another. (The United Church of Canada, 2011)