English Phonetics and Phonology


Seminar Paper, 2013

9 Pages, Grade: 2,0


Excerpt

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Phonemic transcription with phonological and phonetic annotations
2.1. Practical part: Transcription
2.1.1. Broad transcription in RP of text #6
2.1.2. Differences in pronunciation between RP and GA
2.2. Theoretical part: Annotations
2.2.1. Clear [l] and Dark [ɫ]
2.2.2. HappY- tensing: happy- i and happy-u
2.2.3. Syllabic consonants
2.2.4. Strong forms and weak forms

Bibliography

1. Introduction

This seminar paper will be about the phonemic transcription of an excerpt from an online article from the Huffington Post. The subject is Willem-Alexander’s first visit to Germany after his investiture as King of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The phonemic or broad transcription will be based on the Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary by Daniel Jones (2011).

After the transcription, some differences between Received Pronunciation (RP) and General American (GA) will be shown on the basis of some examples from the text.

The second part of this seminar paper will broach the issue of different phonological phenomena given in the text. This theoretical part of the written seminar paper will deal, first of all, with the allophones clear [l] and dark [ɫ], then the so called “happY-Tensing” will be presented, afterwards this paper will deal with the syllabic consonants and at last a distinction of so-called strong and weak forms will be given.

2. Transcription with phonological and phonetic annotations

2.1. Practical part: Transcription

2.1.1. Broad transcription in RP of text #6:

Text #6:

Tellingly, one of the first diplomatic missions will be to visit the country’s largest trading partner, Germany. While many are skeptical that the new king can make a difference where politicians have failed, the celebrations provided a welcome change from the humdrum of everyday life, and the popularity of the royal house itself is not in doubt. A poll commissioned by national broadcaster NOS and published this week showed that 78 percent support the monarchy.

Transcription:

/ ||ˈtelɪŋli wʌn əv ðə ˈfɜ:st ˌdɪpləˈmætɪk ˈmɪʃənz wɪl bi tə ˈvɪzɪt ðə ˈkʌntris lɑːdʒɪst ˈtreɪdɪŋ ˈpɑːtnər |ˈdʒɜːmɘni || waɪl ˈmeni ɑːr ˈskeptɪkəl ðæt ðə njuː kɪŋ kæn meɪk ə ˈdɪfərəns weər pɒlɪˈtɪʃənz həv feɪld | ðə ˌseləˈbreɪʃənz prəʊˈvaɪdɪd ə ˈwelkəm tʃeɪndʒ frəm ðə ˈhʌmdrʌm əv ˈevrideɪ laɪf | ənd ðə ˌpɒpjʊˈlærəti əv ðə ˈrɔɪəl haʊs ɪtˈself ɪz nɒt ɪn daʊt | ə pəʊl kəˈmɪʃənd baɪ ˈnæʃənəl ˈbrɔːdˌkɑːstər ˈˈen oʊ es ən ˈpʌblɪʃt ðɪs wiːk ʃəʊd ðæt ˌsevəntiˈeɪt pəˈsent səˈpɔːt ðə ˈmɒnəki || /

2.1.2. Differences in pronunciation between RP and GA

There are two main differences between RP and GA. The most obvious distributional difference between RP and GA is that General American is a rhotic variety of the English language, while RP is not. In RP “/r/ occurs only before vowels” (Gimson 2001: 85) and never before a consonant or pause (Broadbent 1991: 281), in GA generally /r/ is pronounced where the letter r can be found in the spelling (Jones 2011: xvii). In RP we can find for example /lɑːdʒɪst/ instead of /lɑːrdʒɪst/ or /ˈpɑːt.nər/ instead of /ˈpɑːrt.nɚ/.

As the second example from the text indicates, there is another difference between RP and GA. If in GA the /r/ follows a vowel, “the retroflexion of the tongue may…colour the preceding vowel articulation” (Gimson 2001: 208). Other examples from the text for this phenomenon are /ˈfɜːst/ (RP) vs. /ˈfɝːst/ (GA) or /ˈmɒnəki/ (RP) vs. /ˈmɑː.nɚki/ (GA).

In addition, RP has the low back rounded vowel /ɒ/ which is missing in GA (Rogers 2000: 37), as you can see in the text, we have /pɒlɪˈtɪʃənz/ or / frɒm / in RP and in GA /ɒ/ is replaced by other vowels: /pa:ləˈtɪʃənz/ and /frɑːm/, /frəm/ (weak form).

[...]

Excerpt out of 9 pages

Details

Title
English Phonetics and Phonology
College
University of Würzburg
Grade
2,0
Author
Year
2013
Pages
9
Catalog Number
V280988
ISBN (eBook)
9783656752288
ISBN (Book)
9783656752325
File size
581 KB
Language
English
Tags
Clear [l]
Quote paper
Verena Schmidt (Author), 2013, English Phonetics and Phonology, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/280988

Comments

  • No comments yet.
Read the ebook
Title: English Phonetics and Phonology



Upload papers

Your term paper / thesis:

- Publication as eBook and book
- High royalties for the sales
- Completely free - with ISBN
- It only takes five minutes
- Every paper finds readers

Publish now - it's free