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*Abstract -This paper proposes use of Zeta Converter as a single stage power conversion concept for adjustable speed drives in photovoltaic applications. Solar panel efficiency is low, To track the maximum power from panel, Perturb & Observe (P&O) algorithms used in Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT). Output Torque-Speed characteristics of Induction Machine has been modelled and compared by MATLAB/Simulink software*

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*Keywords: PV Array, P&O method, with MPPT state, Induction Motor (IM).*

## I. INTRODUCTION

The best way to utilize the electric energy produced by the PV array is to deliver it to the AC mains directly, without using battery storage. The absence of fuel cost, noise, pollution the solar energy source is using for renewable energy among all other sources. The maintenance cost less. However, the PV system has low efficiency due irradiation and temperature. To improve the efficiency of PV system, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) has been developed such as P&O, Constant Voltage and so on. Previously dc source will be a supply and power to quasi-Z-source inverter with RL load. In this paper solar panel will be an input source to quasi-Z-source inverter with MPPT P&O Techniques with Induction motor have been simulated.

Dr.K.Ranjith Kumar,

Assistant Professor; Dept. of EEE,

Government College of Technology,

## II. BLOCK DIAGRAM

The block diagram of overall PV conversion using MPPT is show in figure 1. The generated voltage (VPV) and current (IPV) from PV array are input for MPPT control. This MPPT control block is calculate the reference voltage. By comparing the reference voltage and PV voltage, the switching pulses (driver signals) generated to switch ON the converter. The converter DC-AC or AC-DC which is depends on the load.

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**Figure 1: Block diagram of overall PV conversion using MPPT**

## III.MODELLING OF PV ARRAY

The equivalent circuit of a PV cell is as shown in Figure 2.Where Iph represents the cell photo current, I0 represents the diode saturation current, I and V are cell output current and cell output voltage respectively. Rp is shunt resistance. Rs are series resistance. They ideal PV module for one diode circuit.

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**Figure 2: PV cell model**

The mathematical model of PV array for single diode circuit can be represented by the following equation ^{[1]}:

**A. Photo Current (Iph):**

Iph depends on the solar irradiation and cell’s operating temperature according to the below equation.

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**B. Reverse Saturation Current (Irs):**

Reverse saturation current of PV system can be determined by the given equation.

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**C. Diode Saturation Current (I0):**

Saturation current of PV system varies with the cell temperature can be determined by given equation.

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**D. output current (I):**

The equation for output current of the PV system of single diode model presented in Figure 1 is given by,

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From the above equations,

Isc is cell’s short circuit current(A),K is the temperature coefficient(0.0017A/K),Tc is the operating temperature(°C), Tref is the reference temperature(°C), H is solar isolation (kW/m2), q is charge of electron (1.6×10-19C), Voc is open circuit voltage(V), Ns is number of cells connected in series(36), k is Boltzmann constant(1.38×10-23 J/K), A is ideal factor(1.6), Ego is band gap energy(1.1eV), Np is number of parallel connection of cell(1).

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**Figure 3: I-V curve of solar cell**

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**Figure 4: : P-V curve of solar cell**

In this paper **Trina solar 240Wp PV module** is taken and the name-plate details are given in Table 1.

**Table 1: electrical characteristics data of Trina solar 240Wp PV module**

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**IV. MPPT ALGORITHM**

To improve efficiency of solar panel Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) is used. It includes electronic system to operate the PV modules in a manner that allows the modules to produce all the power. To track the maximum power several techniques are used. The most popular techniques are Perturb & Observe (P&O), Incremental Conductance(IC), Constant Voltage (CV), Open Circuit Voltage, Neural networks and Fuzzy logic. All these methods have their own advantages and disadvantages. The choice of the algorithm depending on the implementation cost, time, and complexity, efficient to track maximum power . In this paper Perturb and Observe (P&O) technique are used with constant and variable duty cycle respectively.

**P&O METHOD**

It is simplest method of MPPT to implement. In this method output power of solar is checked with the previous output power. If the voltage increasing with power increases then the duty cycle D is increased. For voltage decreasing with power increases duty cycle D is decreased.

The entire process shown as flowchart in Figure 5.

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**Figure 5: Flow Chart of P&O MPPT**

**V. INDUTION MOTOR**

An electric motor is a device which converts an electrical energy into mechanical energy. This mechanical energy then can be supplied to various types of load. As ac supply is commonly available. The ac motors are classified as single and three phase induction motors, synchronous motors and some special purpose motors. The important advantages of three phase induction motors over other types are self-starting property, no need of starting device, higher power factor, good speed regulation and robust construction. There are two types of rotor constructions which are used for induction motors are,

1. Squirrel cage rotor and

2. Slip ring or Wound rotor.

Here we used in Squirrel cage induction motor and its performance can be analysed through in MATLAB/Simulink.

**VI. SIMULATION RESULTS**

The simulation of MPPT techniques was carried out and plotted graph forinduction motor with stage performance and the simulated circuits.

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**Figure 6: Simulation of Zeta Converter with P&O MPPT technique**

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**Figure 7: Simulation result of Zeta Converter with P&O MPPT technique output**

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**Figure 8: Simulation of Zeta Converter with P&O MPPT method and Induction Motor**

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**Figure 9: Simulation result of Zeta Converter with P&O MPPT method and Induction Motor stator output**

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**Figure 10: Simulation result of Zeta Converter with P&O MPPT method and Induction Motor mechanical output**

**VII. CONCLUSION**

In this paper, analysed the performance of Zeta Converters in with P&O MPPT technique in Induction Motor and the simulation designs are simulated using MATLAB/Simulink.

## REFERENCES

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3. B.Bugar, **“Advanced solar power electronics"**, in proc. Of international symposium on power semiconductor devices and IC’s- ISPSD,2010,pp. 3-10.

4. E.Niculescu, **“modeling the pwm zeta converter in discontinuous conductionmode”,** electro technical conference,2008,pp. 651-657.

5. Mathew C.Kessler, **“synchronous inverse SEPIC using the ADP1870/ADP1872 Provides high efficiency for non-inverting buck/boost applications”** AN-1075,pp. 1-7.

6. W.Gu, **“Designing a SEPIC Converter”,** national semi-conductor, application note 1484,june 2007, pp. 1-7.

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- Quote paper
- K.R. Sasitharan (Author), 2015, Implementation of P&O MPPT based Zeta Converter fed, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/295167

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