Report on Visit to National Institute of Traditional Medicine and National Biodiversity Center. Systematic Botany


Project Report, 2015
10 Pages, Grade: 1

Excerpt

Table of Contents

Visit at National Institute of Traditional Medicine

Storage and distribution

Herbal Collection Site:

Utilization of Traditional Medicines

Processing/Production of Tablets and Capsules

APG system of classification

Visit at National Biodiversity Centre, Serbithang.

Herbarium

Conclusion

Reference

Visit at National Institute of Traditional Medicine

The National Institute of Traditional is located at Kawang Jangsa, Thimphu. It was established in 1971 and upgraded in 1992. Today, the institute functions as a member Faculty of Traditional Medicine under the Khasar Gyalpo University of Medical Sciences of Bhutan. Currently it has Three Units: (1) The Hospital Unit/ Indigenous Hospital, (2) Faculty of traditional Medicine or the training Unit and (3) The Pharmaceutical and Research Unit.

Bhutan is known as the land of medicinal plants. Bhutan is regarded as one of the ten global hot spots in terms of biodiversity and environmental conservation. Apart from its rich biodiversity and natural resources, there are some endanger flora and fauna. The Bhutan Landscape habitats more than 600 medicinal plants identified, and at least 300 of these are commonly used by local practitioners in the country for preparing local medicines.

Productions in the past, all traditional medicines were produced manually. Small scale mechanized production started only in 1982 with support from World Health Organization but local healer has been practicing from centuries and yet still exists. Although most of the plant ingredients are collected from wild, some of the species are now being cultivated/ domesticated by the farmers. Perhaps medicinal plants collected are one of the first economical activities initiated and sustained in this highland of raw materials procured within the country. Some part of the remaining raw materials which is not available in the country is mostly imported from India.

Storage and distribution

The Traditional Medicines produced are being delivered in the Traditional Medicines center at different places of the country. The store management at the district level is fully integrated with the modern medicines. The procurement of equipment and other supplies are also done.

Herbal Collection Site:

Some species are introduced for cultivation, collection, Storage in collaboration with the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. The focus is on the development of medicinal plants in all levels including sustainable collection, production and marketing of herbal products to function the Unit as a self-sustaining commercial entity. The collection medicinal plant sites are mostly from high altitude and low altitude.

Utilization of Traditional Medicines

The number of patients using traditional medicines is steadily increasing over the years. The system is quite popular among the elder population and the patients in the district hospitals are using traditional medicine.

Processing/Production of Tablets and Capsules

The Menjong Sorig Pharmaceuticals, otherwise known as Pharmaceutical and Research Unit is the premier manufacturer of the traditional herbal-based medicines supplied to all the Hospitals in Bhutan. A number of medicines are produced here in its large laboratories. The components of the medicines produced here are minerals, animal parts, precious metals and gems and plants. Products such as Pills, tablets, capsules, powder, ointments, syrups crude extracts and herbal mixtures are made.

The medicinal plants that are used in National Institute of Traditional Medicine are briefly described with botanical names, family, part used and Altitude range of individual medicinal plants. A dendrogram for these 10 medicinal Plants is also constructed using APG III system of Plant Classification.

APG system of classification

Carum Carvi

Visit at National Biodiversity Centre, Serbithang.

National Biodiversity Centre is also collaborates with National Institute of Medicines especially for identification of medicinal plants as well as publication of Journals and books. The National Herbarium is one of main section of NBC for Flora of Bhutan. The foundation of the National Herbarium dates back to the 1970s. In 1999, with the establishing of the National Biodiversity Centre, the herbarium was move to the present location at Serbithang from Taba. The new herbarium building at Serbithang was completed in 2002. The National Biodiversity Center has following Units: Royal Botanical Garden, Bio-prospecting, Plant Genetic Resources and Animal Genetic Resources.

The National Herbarium serves as the centre of botanical survey and exploration. Besides functioning as the repository of reference material, it also provides a means of identification of plants by matching unnamed plants with named specimens in the collection. The herbarium collections include Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, Pteridophytes and Bryophytes.

[...]

Excerpt out of 10 pages

Details

Title
Report on Visit to National Institute of Traditional Medicine and National Biodiversity Center. Systematic Botany
Course
Bachelor of Science in Forestry
Grade
1
Author
Year
2015
Pages
10
Catalog Number
V295574
ISBN (eBook)
9783656937678
ISBN (Book)
9783656937685
File size
922 KB
Language
English
Tags
Report, NITM, Traditional Medicine
Quote paper
Sonam Tobgay (Author), 2015, Report on Visit to National Institute of Traditional Medicine and National Biodiversity Center. Systematic Botany, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/295574

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