Multiple Choice Questions for Biological Sciences


Exam Revision, 2015
23 Pages

Excerpt

This is a compilation of more than 100 multiple choice questions pertaining to different areas of biological sciences. This compilation is intended to be helpful to those who are preparing for appearing in any of the competitive examinations at various levels. Questions mainly are from the fields of Microbiology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Immunology, Biomedical Engineering, etc. All correct answers are put in bold face for immediate reference of the reader. Teachers may also find some questions from this compilation suitable for inclusion in various test papers.

(Correct answers are highlighted in bold face)

1. Introns are absent from genome of :
A. Eukaryotes
B. Prokaryotes
C. Both

2. Which of following is a non-polar solvent:
A. Methanol
B. Chloroform
C. Ethanol

Which of the following branches deals with biochemical pathways of plants?
A. Phytochemistry
B. Pharmacognosy
C. Plant Biochemistry

3. The first human disease proved to have a viral cause was_________
A. Smallpox
B. Rabies
C. Hepatitis
D. Yellow fever

4. Dark ground microscopy is used for detection of _________
A. Spirochetes
B. Fungi
C. Chlamydia
D. Virus

5. Bacteria with tuft of flagella at one end are called_________
A. Monotrichate
B. Peritrichate
C. Bipolar
D. Lophotrichate

6. Which of the following statements about endotoxins is false?
A. They are heat stable.
B. Protein-Polysaccharide-lipid complex in nature
C. Action is often enzymatic
D. Is produced by gram-negative bacteria

7. Hapten _______
A. Produces humoral response
B. Binds to carrier to produce its effects
C. Is high molecular weight protein
D. Is the same as epitope

8. Which immunoglobulin can cross the placenta?
A. Ig A
B. Ig G
C. Ig D
D. Ig E

9. Widal test is a type of _______
A. Precipitation reaction
B. Agglutination reaction
C. Complement fixation test
D. Immunofluorescence

10. Diphtheria toxin acts by__________
A. inhibiting acetylcholine release
B. Inhibiting glucose transport
C. Increasing levels of cyclic AMP
D. Inhibiting protein synthesis

11. The virulence of gonococci is due to________
A. Pili
B. Cell membrane
C. Its intracellular location
D. Cytolytic enzymes

12. What differentiates Nocardia from Actinomycetes?
A. Gram stain
B. Modified acid-fast stain
C. Growth on Sabouraud’s medium
D. Animal pathogenicity

13. Segmented RNA is observed in
A. Rabies virus
B. Influenza virus
C. Coxsackie B virus
D. HIV

14. Which of the following conditions is not of endogenous origin?
A. Phycomycosis
B. Aspergillosis
C. Candidiasis
D. Both A and B

15. Which of the following is associated with dandruff?
A. Candida albicans
B. Malassezia furfur
C. Propionibacterium acnes
D. Clostridium botulinum

16. The only deep mycosis common in India is __________
A. Cryptococcosis
B. Coccidiodomycosis
C. Histoplasmosis
D. Blastomycosis

17. Which of the following is not true.
A. Cells in biofilm exhibit greater antibiotic resistance
B. Cells in a biofilm exhibit a slower pace of metabolism and replication
C. Bacterial population inside a biofilm reaches higher cell density than the planktonic forms
D. Biofilms are not involved in human infections.

18. Gene expression profile can be investigated through_________.
A. Genomics
B. Proteomics
C. Metabolomics
D. Transcriptomics

19. Cag pathogenicity island is present in________.
A. Vibrio cholerae
B. Helicobacter pylori
C. Streptococcus mutans
D. Staphylococcus aureus

20. Xanthan gum is obtained from which of the following microbes?
A. Xanthomonas citri
B. Citrobacter spp.
C. Erwinia carotovora
D. Xanthomonas campestris

21. Which of the following mode of microbial communication is likely to be faster, and more effective for less denser populations?
A. Quorum sensing making use of chemical signals
B. Communication using physical signals such as sound
C. Both will happen at almost same speed
D. None of the above

22. Vibrations can be detected by microbes using__________.
a. Mechanosensory channels
b. Cell wall
c. Cell membrane
d. Intracellular fluid

23. Which of the following is a gram-positive bacterium?
a. E. coli
b. S. mutans
c. S. typhi
d. V. cholerae

24. Which of the following is a gram-negative bacterium?
a. S. mutans
b. B. subtilis
c. S. aureus
d. V. cholerae

25. Role of a buffer is to maintain _________.
a. pH
b. Temperature
c. Pressure
d. pH and temperature

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Excerpt out of 23 pages

Details

Title
Multiple Choice Questions for Biological Sciences
College
Nirma University
Author
Year
2015
Pages
23
Catalog Number
V305585
ISBN (eBook)
9783668047914
ISBN (Book)
9783668047921
File size
393 KB
Language
English
Tags
multiple, choice, questions, biological, sciences
Quote paper
Ph.D. Vijay Kothari (Author), 2015, Multiple Choice Questions for Biological Sciences, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/305585

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