2. Protection of Data
3. Situation in the European Union
4. Personal Experience
It is the most controversial human right per se and the discussions about it are highly topical. No other human right is currently thus in the centre of the western world as this one. The right I’m talking about is the right of privacy. Due to modern technologies, demographic changes, change of political, economic or social conditions and other developments, it is increasingly threatened. It is therefore important to consider whether it may be necessary due to the recent developments around the terrorist militia IS to abandon this right in order to ensure the protection of human beings.
Monitoring, data protection and the glass man, these topics can be found almost daily in the media. Especially since several revelations around Wikileaks, the NSA and Edward Snowden, many people feel monitored. Often you open the mailbox and find advertising of companies, products, or travel-offers that you recently showed interest in. Additionally it is almost impossible to get around custom advertise when surfing through the World-Wide-Web. Google, Facebook and Co. are just some of many companies who know a lot of private things of their users. However, all these facts are in most societies merely associated only with disadvantages though surveillance can bring huge advantages to countries, especially nowadays.
As we are living in a time where violence and terror attacks are on the daily agenda it becomes more and more important that governments know what people, living in their countries, are doing. The recent attacks in Paris show again that it is a necessity to survey people in order to prevent more of these incidents. Therefore it is important that governments give more insight in what type of data they are exactly collecting and for what purpose they do so.
2. Protection of Data
First of all it is important to outline that people are always afraid of being followed. If a new package of measures regarding the fight against terrorism would be adopted, which, would for example allow the surveillance of telephone conversations or the reading of E-mail messages, many people would immediately be afraid that an official of the Ministry of Interior, a policeman or a soldier of the Federal Intelligence Service could imitate their “cooking recipes”. The protection of personal information is for many people more important than the provision of national and personnel security. The European Convention on Human Rights in fact says that privacy rights may at any time be violated from authorities if this serves the clarification or the prevention of criminal acts. The nowadays often heard accusation that many states consistently shine with privacy violations, which would constitute a human rights violation, is therefore not in all but in a lot of cases void.
The protection of personal information is for many people more important than the provision of national and personnel security. Accurate reading would here be again, like in so many cases very useful. The European Convention on Human Rights in fact provides that privacy rights may at any time be violated from authorities if this serves the clarification or the prevention of criminal acts. However much more worries and thoughts should be made about the ensuring of this right when thinking about private organizations such as companies, associations, charities, foundations and the like. These are often in the possession of a great variety of personal data. Here in fact the abuse of data is in many cases not a terrible exception but rather a system. Furthermore many companies, in particular banks, should improve their firewalls and security measures as they have been and are targeted by more and more hackers within the last decade. Data storage can lead to an increase and to new types of crime. Particularly the internet is something that can today hardly be dispensed on. The internet builds a bridge to computers and accordingly to stored data. Hackers and computer criminals proved already more than several times that they can manage to get access to confidential information. Hence, by increasing data storage there is more data available that can be accessed. The risk of data misuse is not excluded. The removal of anonymity to permanent observation can also cause social consequences. People behave different if they know that they are being watched. In consequence freedom of expression and decision-making are limited to some extent. The generation of conformity and a reduction of individual characteristics could be a result as well as a one-dimensional society.