The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). A Report


Project Report, 2016
11 Pages, Grade: A

Excerpt

Table of Contents

History:

Mission and Objectives:

Projects and doings:

Initiation and working in Pakistan:

Recommendations:

References

History:

It was at the end of the Second World War that the nations of the world concluded that an international organization should be established in order to make sure that such deadly events do not take place in the future. This resulted in the formation of the United Nations, in 1945.

The war had left millions homeless, without food and one of the major concerns was the increase in the spreading of diseases such as tuberculosis. As part of its mission to provide relief to the affectees of the Second World War, the United Nations set up an organization entitled United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). This organization was present in some form and working to provide relief in one way or another since 1943. The organization worked across Europe, providing relief to millions of adults and children affected by one of the greatest wars in human history. The area of focus of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was famine and disease control throughout Europe. However, as the world moved towards the Cold War during the later months of 1946, alliances between European nations were once again re-organized. As a result Europe was seen to split into Eastern and Western parts with different alliances and post-war ideologies. Hence, UNRRA faced great challenges in its doings and was no more welcomed in some parts of Europe. Although its duties and budget were no yet completed, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was dismissed by the United Nations since it could no longer work effectively all across Europe. However, the challenges of relief and rehabilitation were still being faced and there was a desperate need for relief group to work all across Europe, specifically during the winter of 1946.

It was when the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) disbanded that the United Nations agreed to form a separate organization that would particularly deal with the relief of children effected by the Second World War. However, the idea of providing children with relief during after the course of such events was not new. This idea came into being during the First World War, when a British reformer and activist recognized the devastating effects such events have on children. As a result of this he established an organization for this cause entitled “Save the Children International Union (SCIU)”. The ideologies of this organization were adopted by the League of Nations through the World Child Welfare Charter in 1924. It was through a documentary on children of war prepared by US army filmmakers called “Seeds of destiny” that International Union of Child Welfare and Save the Children International Union (SCIU) were able to convince the governing committee of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) to agree to use their remaining budget for the relief of children effected by the Second World War. As a result the United Nations set up the infamous: United Nations International Children Emergency Fund, later to be known as United Nation’s Children Fund.

The first leader of UNICEF was Maurice Pate, who was an investment banker from the United States of America and had greatly contributed during the post-First World War relief struggles. Maurice Pate was extremely egger to head UNICEF in its mission to provide relief for children effected by the Second World War since he believed that the necessities had tripled since the First World War. The only condition Mr. Pate presented before accepting the tedious job was to let the organization provide relief and help to children irrespective of nationality, political aspects, ideologies and to which side of war they belonged to. The initial workings of organization throughout Europe, Japan and later during the civil war in Greece proved that Mr. Pate had succeeded in his ideology of providing unconditional relief to children without borders.

The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was basically created to provide shelter, nutrition, clothing and healthcare to children after the Second World War. The organization initially operated in Europe and Japan; helping the children effected by the enormous war.

It was in 1950 that the case of UNICEF was once again opened at the United Nations. While almost all member nations were extremely satisfied with the work the organization had conducted to fulfill their mission and objectives; some (including The United States of America) argued that since the rehabilitation process had ended the role should now be passed on to other permanent organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO). Eleanor Roosevelt; the first lady and the delegate of the United States to the United Nations, argued that it was time to disband UNICEF and use the resources to counter other issues of the time. Ms. Roosevelt’s point of view were countered by a number of delegates; one of them being the delegate of Pakistan, Mr. Ahmed Shah Bokhari. Mr. Bokhari argued that children from under developed and developing countries were in no better condition than the affectees of the Second World War. As a result the charter of UNICEF was extended for another three years. When the General Assembly of the United Nations met in 1953 to discuss the case of UNICEF, the organization was made a permanent member of the United Nations by a huge number of votes, including that of the United States. It was at the time that the name of the organization was changed to the United Nations Children Fund. It is believed that it was the presentation delivered by the delegate of Pakistan which made Mrs. Roosevelt change her mind and advocate in favor of UNICEF.

Mission and Objectives:

The United Nations Children fund is authorized by the United Nations to promote and protect the rights of children as directed by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. The organization aims to accomplish a world where the rights of all children; irrespective of nationality, social status, geographical location or political affiliation are protected and preserved. UNICEF also intends to mobilize governments and non-government institutions towards the cause, in order to broaden the scope of child rights. Additionally, it is committed to provide special assistance and support to the children who are underprivileged, may that be by war, poverty, malnutrition, abuse or disabilities. Furthermore, the organization is dedicated to work during and after the course of emergencies to provide support and relief for children who are the most vulnerable part of a society. It does this by working with other organizations with an agenda towards humanitarian support. Moreover, the organization works towards providing support for women and girls towards gender equality, to make sure they contribute towards the development of their societies. Also, the organization emphasis on education for children and has been working for this cause. Lastly, since its creation the organization is determined to fight against diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV.

Now that the United Nations has come up with the Global Sustainability Goals, presented in 2012. The United Nations Children’s Fund is one of the key organizations working towards the accomplishment of these goals before they expire in 2030. These goals highlight some aspects such as poverty, hunger and health; that have been the driving features of UNICEF.

Projects and doings:

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is one of the most we-known organizations for child support, health care and emergency relief throughout the globe. The organization is charted by the United Nations and is currently operating in over 158 countries and territories that are member stated of the United Nations Organization. UNICEF has its global headquarters in New York, United States of America. Additionally, a separate headquarters for Europe is operating in Geneva, Switzerland. Furthermore, a special UNICEF office is present in Brussels, Belgium and another office for Japan is working in Tokyo, Japan. Since, a great deal of the organizations doings are regarding healthcare and vaccines, a separate “Supply Division” has been established in Copenhagen, Denmark. The supply division basically deals with the storage, packaging and circulation of vaccines and other healthcare products. United Nations International Children’s emergency Fund (UNICEF) also upholds a research facility by the name of Innocenti Research Centre that deals with research and development regarding the needs of children and possible solutions to deal with children related issues.

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is an inter-government, non-profit organization mandated by the United Nations. Majority of its funds comes from governments of the member states of the United Nations. These funds are generated on a regular bases and also for special needs during times of emergency and for specific projects. Additionally, UNICEF also generates its own funds through a variety of campaigns, for example; generating funds through greeting cards was one of the first fund raising campaigns run by the organization and was a ground breaking mean of fundraising among the organizations of the time. UNICEF is also funded by the private sector; including funds for social responsibility purposes and individual funding as well.

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Funds (UNICEF) conducted projects to rehabilitate children effected by the Second World War. However, its charter was broadened to work beyond just at the times of emergency when it became a permanent organization of the United Nations as mentioned above. The major concerns focused by the organization include education, rights of children, healthcare, disease control, child laws, gender rights and rehabilitation.

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Excerpt out of 11 pages

Details

Title
The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). A Report
Course
Analysis of Institutions
Grade
A
Author
Year
2016
Pages
11
Catalog Number
V337670
ISBN (eBook)
9783668271111
ISBN (Book)
9783668271128
File size
473 KB
Language
English
Tags
United Nations, UNICEF, Children, Fund, NGO, IGO, International Relations, World Peace, Second World War
Quote paper
Mohammad Ahmed Hotiana (Author), 2016, The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). A Report, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/337670

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