Causes and Probable Solutions to Human Trafficking

Essay, 2016

6 Pages, Grade: 99

Free online reading

Causes and Probable Solutions to Human Trafficking
Content ... 2
The Topic ... 3
The Controversy ... 3
Pro-side of the controversy ... 4
Con side of the controversy ... 5
Tentative thesis statement ... 5
References ... 6

The Topic
According to McCarthy (2014), human trafficking is the reincarnation of the old form
slavery that took place in the 17
Century. Usually, human trafficking happens to young
women in poor countries who are promised greener pastures if they migrate to another
country- usually a more developed country. When they reach their new destinations, the
victims are forced to indulge in prostitution by the same people that promised them a better
life. The victims usually end up serving a better portion of their life abroad as sex slaves. The
question that arises is why these victims of human trafficking do not report their ordeal to the
authorities. Quite often, they enter the foreign country without the legal documents. As for
those who are in a foreign country legally, the trafficker usually confiscates the legal
documents of the victim and consequently barring her from travelling back to her home
The Controversy
An ongoing controversy is the debate regarding whether prostitution is a driving force
of human trafficking or it is purely a product of poverty. Most of the victims of human
trafficking usually may end up in forced prostitution. It is the perceived demand for
prostitutes that leads to increased human trafficking. On the other hand, some people may
agree to be trafficked into a life of prostitution in another country because they want to evade
the biting poverty in their home country. Cases of poverty leading people to leave their
country for any available opportunity have been used to show the extent that the locals take to
find better incomes elsewhere. This They would rather be sex slaves in a developed country
than remain to be commercial sex workers in their underdeveloped home country. This makes
the controversy substantial as people argue legalization of the practice will make it easier for
people to travel to other countries for prostitution.

Pro-side of the controversy
Legalizing prostitution in many developed countries was a major blow to efforts that
aim at eradicating human trafficking. By making prostitution legal, it is hard to separate the
genuine prostitutes from those who are forced into it. Many clients have inadvertently
received the services of a victim of human trafficking thinking that they were genuine
commercial sex workers. Legalizing prostitution has also attracted many commercial sex
workers from undeveloped countries to actualize their dreams in developed country
economies. These commercial sex workers from poor countries will be willing to do anything
to reach the developed countries, including unorthodox methods.
Legalizing prostitution has also made the industry more lucrative for unscrupulous
business people. The taxes and stringent controls have forced the industry to charge clients
extra, sometimes exploiting them. The meager earnings that are advanced to commercial sex
workers from the humongous profits motivate pimps threefold. In a bid to maximize profits
and cut on overhead costs, some pimps resort to trafficking poor girls from third world
countries. They calculate that the girls will double their profits because they might never have
to pay them because their illegal status in a foreign country will make them slaves.
Legalizing prostitution did not come with adequate controls. The authorities lack a
mechanism to counter check the situation of every commercial sex worker in the legal
brothels. The rich owners of the said brothels have compromised the immigration department.
Some brothels are home to numerous victims of human trafficking yet the authorities are not
doing anything about it. It is for this reason that the legislature should criminalize prostitution
or place more controls.

Con side of the controversy
According to McCarthy (2014), those who are opposed to this theory claim that
human trafficking would still be in place even if prostitution were criminalized. Even if
prostitution were illegal, people would still find means of doing it without the knowledge of
the authorities. In most developing countries where prostitution is illegal, the vice is more
rampant that in the developing countries where it is legal. This vice is especially rampant in
developing economies where the commercial sex workers have to do it for survival.
In addition, not all the victims of human trafficking end up as sex slaves; some
usually become domestic slaves working at no pay. Others end up working in casinos,
restaurants, and massage parlors. Criminalizing prostitution will not diminish demand for
these victims of human trafficking in other sectors of the economy. The root cause of human
trafficking is poverty, greedy businesspeople and lack of information. Placing more controls
for business owners who employ immigrants, teaching young people the benefit of getting the
right papers before moving to a foreign country, and placing measures in place to eradicate
poverty, might be the only solution to human trafficking.
Tentative thesis statement
Both prostitution and poverty are major contributors of human trafficking. One factor
compliments the other. Whilst poverty makes young people to throw caution in the wind in
their pursuit for greener pastures in foreign country, prostitution forms the biggest recruiting
ground for the victims of human trafficking. In order to eradicate this vice from the face of
the earth, better controls in the commercial sex industry and lowering levels of poverty are

McCarthy, L. A. (2014). Human trafficking and the new slavery.Annual Review of Law and
Social Science,10, 221-242
6 of 6 pages


Causes and Probable Solutions to Human Trafficking
EH 1020
Catalog Number
File size
420 KB
Human trafficing, prostitution, poverty
Quote paper
Selina Kolls (Author), 2016, Causes and Probable Solutions to Human Trafficking, Munich, GRIN Verlag,


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