Bwondha hailstorm disaster assessment report


Essay, 2016

8 Pages


Excerpt

Bwondha hailstorm disaster assessment report July 30, 2016

Introduction

Bwondha by and large is a gazetted landing site along the shores of Lake Victoria in South Busoga region within Malongo Sub County nearby the forest reserve. The community is highly populated because of the economic activities that are going on at the site relating to the water body and historical south Busoga forest reserve.

According to the 2014 Uganda population and Housing census, Malongo Sub County emerged as the most populated sub county in the district with a total population of 102,524 persons. Of this population, approximately 45% are residing in Bwondha parish and most of whom are staying on Bwondha landing site (≈ 35%).

Assessment methodology

1. Discussions

The method of assessment was that upon reaching Bwondha landing site, I commenced with a rapid assessment involving discussion with the sub county chief about the climate change effect. After the discussion with the sub county chief, a focus group discussion was held with the local leaders from the 8 LC I zones and during this discussion, the local leaders revealed that they are aware of the causes of the disaster at the landing site.

The local leaders with whom the discussion was conducted are: Mr. Muhamad Okello, the chair of Mirembe zone, Mr. Muhwana Badru, the Chair of Nalubabwe zone, Mr. Tizoomu Fazir, the chair of Musoma zone, Mr. Hiisa Barrack, the chair of Zone C, Mr. Batambuze Charles, the chair of Makonko zone, Mr. Kunya David, the parish chair for Bwondha, Mr. Irumba Hakim, the Zone B chair, Mr. Kalulu Twaha, the V/chair of zone A and Mr. Ndyeku Rashid, the chair of Zone D.

Results

From the discussions held, the leaders informed the technical officer that the causes of this disaster was broadly categorized as a climate change effect characterized by;

- Too much dry spell whenever it goes beyond March 15 & September 15 of every year.
- Deforestation along the shores of Lake Victoria for instance Lubango, Walujjo, Nairobi, Bwagu mainland. The majority of the leaders attested that there has been significant destruction of the forest cover over the last 30 years that used to surround the lake along its vicinity. This led to direct exposure of the Bwondha beach community which is just on the shore.

On a micro scale, the cause of the disaster was a heavy rainstorm that occurred at around 11:00 pm leading to breaking of most temporary and semi-permanent buildings most which were residential as well crop stands (bananas and cassava inclusive).

Trends of hazards/disaster occurrence at Bwondha

According to the local inhabitants at the landing site, Bwondha similar hazards occurred in 1994, 2001, 2007, and 2013. Therefore, this was not the first time such an incident occurred in the area.

Trends of settlement of affected communities

The field based interviews conducted during the survey showed that most of the residents on the landing site most of whom are mid age and elder residents (table 1) were migrants from other areas mainly the current Iganga, Namutumba, and Bugwere sub region districts. The majority of the affected households were established by people who migrated to this area at varying periods as showed in table 2.

Table 1: Time of settlement at Bwondha landing site

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Findings on the nature of effect

There are many effects that have been suffered by Bwondha community following the occurrence of this disaster but some of those that can be reported easily are;

1. Houses were destroyed (approximately 75% of the reported cases) completely destroyed to ground level. My assessment of most of the affected housing structures were built in a semi-permanent state characterized by burnt bricks joined using mud as depicted in figure 1.

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Fig. 1a: destroyed residential building

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Fig. 1b: devastated residence

2. Some of the dilapidated buildings were built using burnt & un-burnt bricks joined by mud (fig.2). This prompted me to ask the respondents whether they temporary residents since most of them had migrated to this site over the last 20+ years. To my surprise the respondents said these were permanent residences, but there was no correlation of this with the type of buildings built by these residents.

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Fig. 1c: fallen residential building

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Fig.2a: Completely ravaged house

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Fig.2b: ravaged residential building

3. Many households have their household items were destroyed by fallen structures.

4. Some households also lost their Bananas cassava, and bean fields.

5. Mwamad Okello’s zone had two goats that were killed by falling bricks. Over 120 chickens died and 5 households in Zone C on the landing site which lost up to 120 chickens per household.

Disaster management status after the effect

1. In the same landing site, some self-help projects like Prime Junior Primary School, a school with a total enrolment of 400 pupils as at the end of term I, 2015 was also severely devastated. Although at the time of field assessment, the management was trying to reinstate some of the fallen two building blocks (fig. 3); it was difficult to imagine the school would comfortably host all their second term pupil numbers. On this school, two buildings were deroofed and thrown down. This school which is private parent funded school which was seriously damaged but at the same time it is still at risk the way it was built (see the nature of its walls of some its building blocks in caption 1).

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Caption 1: Nature of buildings that accommodate some of Uganda’s children

From the field interviews among the affected households, most of the household heads had not attained education beyond Primary seven (table 2). This partly has contribution to the effects they are undergoing through. The survey did not compare unaffected households to these that fell culprit but my opinion is that more enlightened people have built permanent structures that survived this disaster.

Table 2: Highest education levels of HH heads of affected household

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Excerpt out of 8 pages

Details

Title
Bwondha hailstorm disaster assessment report
Author
Year
2016
Pages
8
Catalog Number
V340686
ISBN (eBook)
9783668305625
ISBN (Book)
9783668305632
File size
1969 KB
Language
English
Tags
hailstorm disaster, Uganda, climate change, country damage, Lake Victoria
Quote paper
Paul Waluube (Author), 2016, Bwondha hailstorm disaster assessment report, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/340686

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