Strenthening corruption whistleblowing by using ICTs in Tanzania


Essay, 2017
10 Pages

Excerpt

Table of Contents

1.0 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION

2.0 PROBLEM STATEMEN

3.0 THE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
3.1 General goal
3.2 Specific objectives

4.0 STAKEHOLDERS

5.0 BUDGET LINE

6.0 TIMELINE

7.0 CONCLUSION

8.0 BIBLIOGRAPHY
8.1 References
8.2 Articles and Journals
8.3 Websites and Internet

1.0 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Corruption is the abuse of entrusted powers for private gains. It involves bureaucrats, elected, public servants or interested clients inside or outside the public or private organization (Klitgaard 1988; Benerjee et al. 2011). The Tanzania’s Prevention and Combating of Corruption Act (2007) categorizes corruption offences to include obtaining, or giving advantage; misleading with documents; embezzlement; corruption conspiracies and abuse of position.

Klitgaard (1988) summed up his perspective on the causes of corruption that “Corruption equals monopoly plus discretion minus accountability.” This perspective implies that, corruption flourishes where someone who is largely unaccountable, has a monopoly and discretionary powers over a good or service to other people. Thus, the successful anti-corruption efforts, therefore, should reduce monopolies, limit and clarify discretion, and raise accountability.

In Tanzania, corruption is affecting various sectors of the economy. At the micro level, it affects the daily life of the individuals by increasing the costs of living, causing injustice and degrading human rights. This type of corruption hurts the poorest members of society, who experience the requests for bribes regularly when seeking services like medication, licenses, police and court services. This is termed as petty corruption.

At the macro level, it eludes democracy, increase government costs, erodes reputation and integrity of the public service and hampers the national development programs. Corruption at this level is termed as grand corruption and it involves top officials and uses the huge amount of money (The Presidential Commission Against Corruption, 1996).

To sanction corruption, Tanzania has established a number of laws and oversight institutions. Some of these are the office of Controller and Audit General (CAG), the Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA), the Good Governance Coordination Unit, the Ethics Secretariat, and the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Act No. 11 of 2007. Also various reforms and restructurings were made with the objectives to curb corruption in Tanzania.

Despite these efforts, corruption is still a serious problem in Tanzania. Unfortunately, many people know corruption, its adverse effects and where to report the offences, but they hesitate to report corruption acts due to fear of being victimized and harassed by the suspects.

2.0 PROBLEM STATEMEN

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) of Transparency International (TI) for 169 countries surveyed in 2015 Tanzania is ranked 117 with 30 scores. According to the CPI, a country with 0 score means is perceived to be highly corrupt while 100 means to be very clean. Likewise, the East African Bribery Index of 2014 indicates that in Tanzania, the likelihood of a respondent to encounter a bribery incident while seeking public services is at highest after Burundi.

The Presidential Commission of Inquiry against Corruption which was established in 1996 diagnosed that corruption was affecting nearly all sectors of the economy in Tanzania and the daily life of the individuals, increasing the costs of living, causing injustice and degrading human rights. But still, very few people dare to report the occurrence, evidence and conspiracy of corruption acts in Tanzania.

The Tanzania National Governance and Corruption Survey Report (2009) observe that corruption reporting system in Tanzania is inefficiency because many people do not dare to speak out bribery and other abuses of powers due to fear of being victimized and lack protection assurance from retaliation. Also, the East African Bribery Index (2014) indicates that the lowest number of people in the EAC are reporting corruption cases they are encountering.

According to the East African Bribery Index (2014), the reasons for not reporting corruption incidences among the East African people are issues pertaining to security, confidentiality and anonymity of the informants. Also, Schultz et al (2010) contends that generally, people can not to report corruption acts they are encountering if they are not guaranteed of security, confidentiality, privacy and anonymity.

Moreover, the Tanzania National Governance and Corruption Survey Report (2009) proposed the need for improvement of the corruption reporting system in Tanzania to enable the responsible authorities to take appropriate steps against corruption offenders. Such improvement needs to be put in place to issues pertaining security, confidentiality and anonymity of the informants so as to promote corruption whistle-blowing.

Today, Tanzania is experiencing a tremendous growth of social media, internet penetration and tele-density of which are increasingly bridging the digital divide in the country. These information technologies need to be taped to enable more people to raise their voices on corruption cases confidentiality and without fears.

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Excerpt out of 10 pages

Details

Title
Strenthening corruption whistleblowing by using ICTs in Tanzania
Author
Year
2017
Pages
10
Catalog Number
V351918
ISBN (eBook)
9783668384767
ISBN (Book)
9783668384774
File size
553 KB
Language
English
Tags
strenthening, icts, tanzania
Quote paper
MSc in Information Technology & Management Ireneus Mathias (Author), 2017, Strenthening corruption whistleblowing by using ICTs in Tanzania, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/351918

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