Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) has been one of the most significant practice in medicine. According to the Institute of Medicine, the collaboration focuses on creating teamwork among medical practitioners to ensure developed healthcare. The institute further asserts that the establishment of these team focuses on facilitating improved healthcare for patients especially with regards to observation and diagnosis. Besides, the practice gears towards establishing a didactic program that is communitybased using the interprofessional simulation experience. The Institute of Medicine is responsible for providing the guidelines for the collaboration.
Purpose statement: The research work will focus on creating a better understanding of the context of IPC in medicine as well as its implications in the field of medicine. Besides, the study will also establish the role IPC plays in ensuring familycentered healthcare and delivery of safe care. Also, the paper will also address the purpose of the practice of medicine together with the competencies of the interprofessional collaboration concerning medical practices.
Definition and implications of interprofessional collaboration
According to the Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative (2010) IPC is a partnership involving a group of health workers and a patient and their families in making a shared decision concerning health and social issues. It further asserts that the collaboration entails a coordinated and participatory, collaborative approach to such decision making. In general, the definition of interprofessional collaboration is a practice that includes communication together with cumulative decision that enables synergistic impact of convened skills and knowledge. Ideally, the interprofessional team works on common goals in improving patient outcomes. Notably, it blends professional cultures in responsibility, coordination, communication, accountability, autonomy, and assertiveness (Johnson, 2013).
Role of interprofessional collaboration in delivering safe patient and family centered care
Interprofessional collaboration ensures improved patient outcomes. The collaboration through ethics and values ensures confirmation and sharing of the outcomes among the team members. Therefore, corrections can be done at the right limiting the chances of errors (Reinke and Hammer, 2011). Furthermore, the collaboration also enables a more effective utilization of resources. Besides, the collaboration enables prior planning for the health issues. Interprofessional collaboration studies the societal demography and, therefore, are capable of controlling the emergence of health issues limiting the exhaustion of health facilities. In short, the collaboration facilitates prevention mechanism rather than cure strategy.
Purpose of interprofessional collaboration
The purpose of IPC is to provide a collaborative practice that focuses on the patients together with their families. In that sense, the practice focuses on establishing a more effective means of healthcare (Muller-Juge et al., 2014). Moreover, IPC focuses providing more convenient patient care settings through sharing of information among diverse professions. Ideally, this is to enable execution of safety checks and quality and helping patients in understanding and complying with the treatment plans.
Competencies of interprofessional collaboration
The four core competencies for interprofessional collaboration include:
i. Ethics/Values for IPC
Interprofessional values and ethics are vital components of professional identity for professional as well as interprofessional development. The ethics and values are patientcentered and focus on community orientation. Furthermore, the due focuses on shared purpose in supporting common good health care. Besides, the competence also establishes shared commitment to creating more efficient, safe and effective care systems. The essence of values and ethics is to facilitate patient/family outcome that focuses on promoting overall health and wellness, providing comprehensive disease care and facilitating last life stages effective care. Most importantly, the competence ensures of best services at affordable cost. Ideally, it focuses on virtues in common and common ethical principles for all health professionals.
ii. Roles and responsibilities
Interprofessional learning entails an understanding of the roles and responsibilities that complement one another in community oriented and patientcentered care. Before participating in interprofessional collaboration, the professionals need to define clearly their professional roles and responsibilities to team members of other professions (Reinke and Hammer, 2011). Similarly, such professionals must also understand the roles and responsibilities of their associates. In most cases, the competency is an explicit framework of interprofessional collaboration.
According to Kundart (2012), the essence of this practice is to limit the possibilities of health care problem arising from variety diversity of the team members. Over time, interprofessional collaboration has been ineffective due to inaccurate perceptions resulting from variety diversity. Nevertheless, in addressing complex health promotion and illness problems the actual roles and responsibilities change with regards to the specific care situation.
iii. Interprofessional communication
Communication is the core interprofessional collaborative competency. The process of developing effective healthcare in an interprofessional collaboration requires the team members to communicate effectively. A betterintegrated care can only be achieved if the team members communicate effectively. Among the important key elements of communication entails receptive through displaying interest, active listening engagement, willingness to discuss urgent medical elements and conveying openness (Muller-Juge et al., 2014).
- Quote paper
- Dr. Duncan Rasugu (Author), 2016, Interprofessional Collaboration in medicine. Ensuring family-centered healthcare and delivery of safe care, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/355534