Student Acceptance of Mobile Learning

Wissenschaftlicher Aufsatz, 2017

7 Seiten

Gratis online lesen

Table of contents

1. Introduction .. 2

2. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) .. 3

3. Culture factor .. 3

4. Research methodology .. 3

5. Data Analysis .. 4

i. Analysis Result of Part I .. 4

ii. Analysis Result of Part II .. 4

6. Conclusion .. 5

Reference.. 5


Many studies have scrutinized the benefits of m learning. Somehow, it is still necessary to comprehend the dissatisfaction of certain learners towards m-learning experience. Thus, this research aims to investigate the factors that might affect the acceptance of m learning among university students: quality of service, uncertainty avoidance and trust. Portability and access to countless activities are among the advantages of mobile devices, and these foster and ease ubiquitous learning. This study scrutinizes the theories and cognitive techniques to offer individualized, motivated and valuable experience of mobile education for transfer to the subsequent word learning and reading comprehension. As surveys and forms are the data sources, the quantitative methodologies are employed. Twenty six (26) items from diverse research domains were constructed in the questionnaire to measure six constructs, and undergraduate and postgraduate students of the university in Doubi were selected as respondents. Two hundred (395) completed questionnaires were obtained.

Keyword: Mobile Learning, Culture factor, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

1. Introduction

Meanwhile, social influence is the degree to which an individual believes that significant others believe he or she should employ the new system (Cruz et al., 2014). Comprehending the aspect of social influence is crucial within the context of student’s interest in m-learning. In fact, the previous studies have reported that the decision of a student often times is affected by their peers or by significant others including parents and instructors (Miller et al., 2003; Abual-aish & Love, 2013). Also, the mobile learning market is increasingly becoming global. As such, cultural difference is now a crucial factor. Therefore, universities or training organizations must understand cultural difference or otherwise, they could not obtain substantial competitive edge (Ariffin & Dyson, 2012). As such, better and more meaningful services’ development in higher education realm is attainable when the model of technology acceptance (TAM) and the innovation diffusion theory (IDT) are extended

2. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

TAM is one of the most widely employed models of individual acceptance and use of technologies. The model was initially developed and tested in the 1980s (Davis, 1989; Davis et al., 1989). Subsequently, the model has been extensively validated across a variety of settings and subjected to theoretical extensions (Venkatesh & Davis, 2000; Venkatesh et. al., 2003; Davis et al., 1989). TAM consisted of perceived ease of use (PEOU), perceived usefulness (PU), attitude toward using (ATU), behavioral intention to use (BI), and actual system use (AU). PU and PEOU are the two most important determinants for system use. The ATU directly predicts users’ BI which determines AU. PEOU refers to the degree to which a user believes that using a particular service would be free of effort while PU is defined as the degree to which an individual perceives that using a particular system would enhance his or her job performance (Fred D. Davis, 1989). However, PEOU and PU are the key beliefs leading to user acceptance of information technology (Liu & Han, 2010). Many studies used the TAM model to investigate the factors that affect the M-learning. The results of these study was positive and acceptable in scholar debate such as (Gloria .2013 &Hassan, 2009).

3. Culture factor

Aspects of culture could help to improve the usability of the mobile learning user interface. Current research deals with the usability aspects and cultural aspects of the web sites but not many research results could be found for mobile learning, on appropriate local culture. Sources for mobile learning interface usability that relate to the culture issues are also rarely to be founded. The popular and well known Hofstede cultural dimensions model brings 5 principles: Individualism / collectivism, Uncertainty Avoidance, Power Distance, Masculinity / Femininity and Long Term Orientation. (Shamsul, 2011). Culture and IT are linked in many studies. Tricker (1988) provides an excellent framework linking IS and culture using Hofstede's work. Also, Ein-Dor et al. (1993) lists cultural factors in IS, which includes attitude towards technology progress, interpersonal relations and social commitment, and social norms. In another study, Hassan and Ditsa (1999) observed that culture factor is probably the most difficult factor to isolate, define, and measure.

4. Research methodology

The most important objective of this study is to examine the culture factor that drive m-learning acceptance in Al-Madinah International University and it’s perceived ease of use as well as it’s perceived usefulness m-learning on students’ studies. The study is a quantitative study using survey approach. The key instrument for data collection is the questionnaire. The sample of the current study is based on the population which contains the students in Al-Madinah International University The sample of the current study is students who are using m-learning services for their learning settings. Random sampling approach will adopt to identify the respondents. The questionnaire will divide into four sections, culture factors, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and m-learning acceptance. This research employed 300 students.

5. Data Analysis

This section divided into two parts, first part is analysis results for demographic data of students and second part analysis data for Correlation analysis as following:

i. Analysis Result of Part I

The respondents’ profile is illustrated in Table 1.1 below. As indicated, most of the respondents which accounts for 187, were female while the remainder (113) were male. Aside from that the majority of the respondents were from the science and business group at 121 and 99, respectively, while respondents from the art studies group made up the smallest fraction 80. As far as education level is concerned, most respondents had Bachelor’s degree (90.12%), while the smallest fraction of respondents were PhD holders at only 5. As for the master’s degree holder, it accounted to 30 of the respondents. Thus, as indicated by the respondents’ education level, this study’s findings are representative to the varying student levels.

[Table is omitted from this preview]

Table 1.1: The demographic data of students (N=300)

ii. Analysis Result of Part II

Correlation analysis is conducted to assess the relationship between six main factors and behavioral intention to use m-Learning. As a summary, each zero-order correlation test of each of the hypotheses demonstrates significance. As such, all the hypotheses are supported at this level. Also, culture, perceived usefulness, and perceived ease of use factors demonstrate positive indirect relationships with the behavioral intention to use of m-learning. All factors in the proposed model are illustrated in table 1.2.

[Table is omitted from this preview]

Table 1:2 Path Coefficients and t-Values of the Hypothesis

6. Conclusion

Nowadays, m-learning services are interesting and very recent addition as a new vital platform for the higher education environment. Nevertheless, Student’s perspective is very important to investigate the use behavior of m-learning. M-learning in the higher education environment. Combination of education channels and alternatives helps students to be in touch with their educational environment anywhere and anytime. The present study suggests the TAM has been widely used model to help understand and explain user behavior in an information system. The article has explained the technology acceptance model with the culture factor.


Adedoja, Gloria, et al. "Learners’ Acceptance of the Use of Mobile Phones to Deliver Tutorials in a Distance Learning Context: A Case Study at the University of Ibadan." The African Journal of Information Systems 5.3 (2013):

Al-zoubi, M. (2015). Factors that influence the acceptance of M-Learning Services in the institutes of higher education in Malaysia.

Ariffin, Shamsul Arrieya. "Mobile learning in the institution of higher learning for Malaysia students: Culture perspectives." International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology 1, no. 3 (2011): 283-288.

Davis, F. 1989. Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS quarterly, 13(3): 319-340.

Davis, F., Bagozzi, R., & Warshaw, P. 1989. User acceptance of computer technology: a comparison of two theoretical models. Management science, 35(8): 982-1003.

Dodd, C., Kirby, D., Seifert, T., & Sharpe, D. (2009). The impact of high school distance e-learning experience on rural students’ university achievement and persistence. Distance Learning Administration, 7(1), 77-86.

Ein-Dor, P., Segev, E., & Orgad, M. (1993). The effect of national culture on IS: Implications for international information systems. Journal of Global Information Management, 1(1), 33-33.

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). The importance of Tawheed Al-Assma' Wal-Sifat. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). The Definition of Tawbid al-Asma wa l-Sifat and its Relationship to the Other Categories of Tawhid. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). The Relationship Between the Categories of Tawhid. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). The Definition of al-Salaf al-Salih and Ahl al-Sunnah wa l-Jama ah, an Explanation of their Belief in the Attributes and Names of Allah and the Foundations that this Belief is Based upon. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). An Explanation of the Belief of Ahl al-Sunnah in the Names and Attributes of Allah. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). Explanation of the declaration of Ahl al-Sunnah `...without any tahrif nor Ta'til and without any Takyeef nor Tamthil '. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). The Foundations on which the Belief of Ahl al-Sunnah in the Names and Attributes of Allah is Based. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). Allah has not afforded His creation any knowledge or sight of His Essence nor did He make knowledge of that incumbent upon them. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Al-Tamimi, M. (2017). The religion of Allah (ta`ala) between extremism and negligence.. MEDIU Publications, 1(1). Retrieved from

Hasan, H., & Ditsa, G. (1999). The impact of culture on the adoption of IT: An interpretive study. International Journal of Global Information Management, 7(1), 5-15.

Hassan, K. (2009). Determinants of mobile learning acceptance an empirical investigation in higher education.

Kukulska-Hulme, A., J. Traxler, and J. Pettit. 2007. Designed and user-generated activity in the mobile age. Journal of Learning Design 2 (1): 52-65. "

Milrad, M., and M. H. Jackson. 2008. Designing and implementing educational mobile services in university classrooms using smart phones and cellular networks. International Journal of Engineering Education 24 (1): 84-91.

Naji, S, A., and Abdul R, Y. (2011). Student’s Mobile Information Prototype for the Higher Education Environment. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration 3 (1): 81-86, 2011 ISSN 1945-5488.

Tricker, R. I. (1988). Information Resource Management--A cross-cultural perspective. Information and Management, 15(1), 37-46.

Venkatesh, V., & Davis, F. D. 2000. A theoretical extension of the technology acceptance model: Four longitudinal field studies. Management science, 46(2): 186-204.

Venkatesh, V., Morris, M. G., Davis, G. B., & Davis, F. D. 2003. User acceptance of information technology: Toward a unified view. MIS quarterly: 425-478.

Zaltman, G., & Stiff, R. (1973). Theory of Diffusion. In S. W. T. S. Robertson (Ed.), Consumer Behavior: Theoretical Sources (pp. 416-468). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall

7 von 7 Seiten


Student Acceptance of Mobile Learning
ISBN (eBook)
ISBN (Buch)
499 KB
student, acceptance, mobile, learning
Arbeit zitieren
Assistant Professor Mohammed Al-zubi (Autor:in), 2017, Student Acceptance of Mobile Learning, München, GRIN Verlag,


  • Noch keine Kommentare.
Blick ins Buch
Titel: Student Acceptance of Mobile Learning

Ihre Arbeit hochladen

Ihre Hausarbeit / Abschlussarbeit:

- Publikation als eBook und Buch
- Hohes Honorar auf die Verkäufe
- Für Sie komplett kostenlos – mit ISBN
- Es dauert nur 5 Minuten
- Jede Arbeit findet Leser

Kostenlos Autor werden