Forced migration and social work. Difficulties and dilemmas


Essay, 2016

8 Pages, Grade: 2


Excerpt

1. INTRODUCTION...1
2. FORCEDMIGRATION...1
3. SOCIALWORKWITHREFUGEES...2
3.1
R
ELEVANCEOFSOCIALWORKREGARDINGREFUGEEAID
...2
3.2
D
ILEMMASANDDIFFICULTIES
...3
4. CONCLUSION...5
5. BIBLIOGRAPHY...6

1. I
NTRODUCTION
InthispaperIliketodiscussforcedMigration,usingtheexampleofsyrianrefugeesundthe
crisisthere.AfterthatIliketofigureoutthechallengesanddifficultiesofsocialworkerand
howwecanlearntodealwithit.
2. F
ORCED
M
IGRATION
Firstofall,it'simportanttoknowwhatforcedmigrationisexactlyabout.ForcedMigrationis
ageneralterm,thatreferstothemovementofrefugeesandinternallydisplacedpeople.They
can be displaced because of a conflict or because of natural and environmental disaster,
chemical of nuclear disasters, development projects or famine. We can say that forced
migration is a complex, wide-ranging and pervasive set of phenomena. (forced migration
online,2012)
Therearedifferenttypesofforcedmigrants.Firstofall,therearetherefugees:Arefugeeis
someone,whoisoutsideofhis/hercountryofnationalityandwhoisunabletoreturn,because
offearofpersecutiononaccountofrace,religion,nationality,membershipinapoliticalsocial
grouporpoliticalopinion.Indifferencetotherefugeesanasylumseekerissomeone,who
alreadymovedacrossaninternationalborderandnowlookingforprotectionunderthe1951
RefugeeConvention.
Internallydisplacedpersons:Theyhavebeenforcedtofleetheirhomesbecauseofarmed
conflictsorsystematicviolationsofhumanrightswithinthecountry,likeitisforexamplein
Syriarightnow.
Developmentdisplacespeople:havemovedbecauseofaresultofpoliciesanddevelopment
projectsforexampleroadsorairports.
Environmentalanddisasterdisplaces:Peoplewhodisplacedasresultofnaturaldisasterslike
earthquakes, environmental change like global warming or human made disasters like
radioactivity
Smuggled people: They have moved illegally for profit reasons and are partners in a
1

commercialtransaction.Thatmeansnot,thattheyareoutofdanger.Thehaveariskofbeing
trafficked.
TraffickedPeople:Thehavemovedbydeceptionforpurposeofexploitationanditcomesfrom
saleoftheirsexualservicesorlabourincountryofdestination.(Forcedmigrationonline,n.y.)
3. S
OCIALWORKWITHREFUGEES
3.1Relevanceofsocialworkregardingrefugeeaid
Firstofallitisimportanttotakealookatthedefinitionofsocialwork.Itisa"practice-based
professionandanacademicdisciplinethatpromotessocialchangeanddevelopment,social
cohesion,andtheempowermentandliberationofpeople.Principlesofsocialjustice,human
rights, collective responsibility and respect for diversities are central to social work.
Underpinned by theories of social work, social sciences, humanities and indigenous
knowledge,socialworkengagespeopleandstructurestoaddresslifechallengesandenhance
wellbeing"(IFSW,2014)
When people decide to study social work, they have later a lot of working options. One
opportunity is working with migrants and refugees. Ruth Stark, the President of the
International federation of social worker said, that "profession exists to help people work
throughchangesintheirlives­andrefugeesareexperiencingsomeofthemosttraumatic
changesimaginable"(Stark&Stark-Angermeier,2016)That'swhytheexistenceofsocialwork
inthisfieldcannotarguedaway.Iwouldliketoillustrateforcedmigrationbecauseofaconflict
withthefollowingexample.
SyriaorSyrianArabRepublicisacountryinWesternAsiaandisborderingLebanon,Turkey,
Iraq,JordanandIsrael.ThelargestcityandcapitalofSyriaisDamascus.Itisacountryofhigh
mountains,fertileplainsanddeserts.Inthisareaarelivingdiverseethnicandreligiousgroups
(SyrianArabs,Greeks,Armenians,Assyrians,Kurds,Circassians,MandeansandTurks)butalso
you find there religious groups like Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Mandeans, Shiites,
Salafis,andYazidis.SunniArab'sarethebiggestgroupthere.(Wikipedia,n.y.)
InMarch2011thecivilwarinSyriacameout,becauseofthedemonstrationsofthecitizens
againstthegovernment.Morethan11millionpeoplehavebeenkilledorforcedtofleetheir
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country. Families don't know if they should try to survive there or better flee to other
country's. About 6,6 million decided to stay there. (Mercy Corps 2016) Bombings were
destroying whole city's and horrible human rights got violated. The people there have no
dignifiedlifeanymore.
· violence
· noinfrastructureandeconomicmarkets
· 2,7millionchildrencannotgotoschoolanymore
· attacksathome,schoolandhospitalsrise(Rescue,n.y)
Socialworkisreallyimportantthere.Differentprogramsarecoordinatedfromturkey,iraq
andjordanprovidinglongterm-andemergencyservicestodisplacefamiliesandSyrianswho
livestillthere.Theproblemrightnowis,thatalotofthemliveinareas,thataredifficultor
evenimpossibletoreachforaidworkers.(Rescue,n.y.)
AboutonemillionofpeoplefromSyriahaverequestedanasylumtoEurope.In2016wehad
inGermanyabout266.000Refugeesonlyfromthiscountry-theymakethebiggestgroupsof
themigrantsinGermany.(MercyCorps,2016)
3.2Dilemmasanddifficulties
Wecanstate,thattherearehorribleproblemsinSyria,whichpoliciesandthegovernment
needtotackle,becausehumanrightsgetmassivelyhurt.ButsocialworkisnotjustinSyria
important,butespeciallyincountry'slikeGermany,wherealotofrefugeesfindanewhome.
Socialworkertrytohelpthemespeciallywiththeirfirstneeds.Thatmeansforexamplethat
they reuniting family members and getting volunteers to teach German. (Stark &Stark-
Angermeier2016)Asylumseekersandrefugeesareentitledtoallrightsandfreedom,which
arewrotedowninthehumanrights.Toprotectrefugeesmeansthereforethatyourespect
thehumanrightsandprotectthemanditisasignforprofessionalityinyourwork.Thevalues
andprinciplesofhumanrightsare:
· Life
· FreedomandLibertyrights
· Equalityandnondiscrimination
3
Excerpt out of 8 pages

Details

Title
Forced migration and social work. Difficulties and dilemmas
College
Management Center Innsbruck  (Soziale Arbeit)
Course
Social Development and Capacity Building
Grade
2
Author
Year
2016
Pages
8
Catalog Number
V388029
ISBN (eBook)
9783668620964
File size
431 KB
Language
English
Tags
forcedmigration, migration, internationalsocialwork, socialwork
Quote paper
Anna Henning (Author), 2016, Forced migration and social work. Difficulties and dilemmas, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/388029

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