Should Teenagers Be Given Access to Safe Medical Abortion In Order To Allow Them Complete Their Studies?

Essay, 2018

6 Pages, Grade: 1.3


Education is essential for a prosperous future for young people. This is why the
United States educational system is designed to ensure that learners acquire the most valuable
professional skills for career excellence. Over the years, reforms in the US educational
system have always focused on improving intellectual competence of students. Despite the
endless efforts by the US government, teachers and all stakeholders in the education sector,
some challenges have always persisted; thus disrupting the learning process. This interferes
with the smooth transitions from one level of education to the other and even college-to-work
transition. One of the most challenging issues that have been disrupting the learning process
in the US education system is teenage pregnancies. It is reported that about 750,000 cases of
teenage pregnancies occur each year in the United States (Shuger 1). Of this population, two-
thirds the affected teenagers are aged 18 and 19 years. As a result, over 200,000 abortion
cases among teenagers are reported annually. However, teenage abortions occur at different
rates across the US states. For instance, it is reported that over half of teenage pregnancies in
New York, Minnesota, Mississippi, and New Jersey ends in abortion (Males 117). This
implies that the desire to pursue academics contributes to the increase of abortion among
teenagers. In light of these statistics, it is logical to allow teenagers to have safe medical
abortion so as to pursue their academic dreams to prosperity. Therefore, this research paper
will provide a logical discussion why teenagers should be allowed to access safe medical
Arguments for Teen Abortion
Currently, teenage abortion is legal in all 50 states in the United States. However,
most state abortion laws require parental consent or evidence of judicial intervention.
Therefore, it is worth noting that abortion among teenagers, as well as in all women is a
legitimate practice under federal and states' law. However, most teenagers do not access safe
medical abortion due to various reasons and this puts them at risk. From a logical perspective,
allowing pregnant teenagers to access safe medical abortion has many beneficial implications
in their education.
A Second Chance in School
Foremost, granting access to pregnant teenagers will enable teens to have a second
chance to pursue their academic dreams. In most cases, teenage pregnancies disrupt education
for the affected teens leading to school dropout. According to the National Conference of

State Legislatures (NCSL), only less than 2 percent of teenage mothers complete their
education; whereas those who finish high school account for only 40 percent of teenage
mothers (NCSL par. 2). This implies that the affected teens end up missing the basic
educational skills to succeed in their careers. As such, they fall into the NEET (not on
education, employment or training) which is characterized with failed transitions from
adolescence to adulthood. Young people who are not in any training, education or education
are known to experience enormous challenges in achieving socioeconomic sustainability. As
a result, most of them develop antisocial behaviors. Therefore, teenage mothers are likely to
experience similar consequences. In contrast, teenagers who pursue education to completion
gain access to rewarding careers; thus enabling them to experience successful transitions into
adulthood. As such, it is apparent that allowing teens to access safe medical abortion will
grant them a second chance to continue their education to completion without having to drop
out of school due to teenage pregnancies. This is so because school dropouts are related to
teenage pregnancies (Shuger 1).
Reduce Teen Deaths
The second reason why teens should be allowed access to safe medical abortion is
that, it will reduce teen deaths related to unsafe abortions. In most cases, teenagers do not
seek for abortion from medical facilities by their own because they are not informed of the
right decisions to make. As a result, some of them seek assistance from their peers or
unauthorized individuals to carry out abortion. This puts the lives of the affected teens at risk.
One of the consequences which such teens face is death during or after abortion. On the other
hand, some teens fail to obtain consent from their parents due fear because they do not want
their parents to known that they are engaging in sexual behaviors. In such circumstances,
teens rely on guidance from their peers which direct them towards unsafe methods of
abortion. In the event of death owing to the consequences of unsafe abortion, both the
education and lives of the concerned teens ends abruptly; thus, leading to a decrease in
graduation rates. Therefore, allowing access to abortion for teens will reduce teen deaths
during their academic lives.
Affirmative Approach
From an educational perspective, gender inequalities in the US educational system
have been found to have a negative impact on educational sustainability. This has prompted

the government, as well as educators have been introducing affirmative initiatives to promote
girl-child education.
Ordinarily, teenage girls experience the consequences of teenage pregnancies. In
contrast, boys do not succumb to the adverse consequences of these pregnancies yet most of
them are the key culprits. This phenomenon places the girl child in the disadvantaged group;
thus affirmative approaches play significant roles in bridging the gender gap in the US
educational system (Husain 1). Despite the impact of affirmative initiatives introduced in the
US educational system, the tendency of dropping out of school by pregnant teens seems to
hinder increased graduation of the girl-child. Therefore, creating awareness on safe medical
abortion among teens will ensure that female teens remain in school and boost gender balance
in education.
Teenage Parenting Hinders Academic Excellence
Moreover, teenage pregnancies have been found to cause psychosocial consequences
to teenage mothers. Ordinarily, teenagers who give birth during their educational years face
difficulties in pursuing their academics to completion. This is so because, parenting
responsibilities deny them an opportunity to concentrate in their studies. Teenage pregnancies
create faults in the cognitive development of teenage mothers owing to pressures of
adulthood arising from failed transitions into adulthood (Manis 361). As a result, most
teenage mothers show reduced performance in their learning.
Therefore, teenage pregnancies contribute to their failure in academics; the probable
reason why a high percentage of teenage mothers complete their education. The consequence
for poor academic performance among teenage mothers is failed college-to-work transition.
In the current US labor market, professional competence which is evaluated by academic
performance determines one's possibilities of accessing employment opportunities.
Therefore, consequences of teenage pregnancies on those who struggle to college level
compromise their employability.
Counter Arguments
Notwithstanding the benefits associated with teen abortions, especially educational
benefits, some authors, as well, as professional experts claim that this practice bears negative
Excerpt out of 6 pages


Should Teenagers Be Given Access to Safe Medical Abortion In Order To Allow Them Complete Their Studies?
Egerton University
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teenage pregnancy, abortion, education
Quote paper
Patrick Kimuyu (Author), 2018, Should Teenagers Be Given Access to Safe Medical Abortion In Order To Allow Them Complete Their Studies?, Munich, GRIN Verlag,


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