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Scientific Study, 2003
25 Pages
PART 1
Gravitation and Inertia as a Consequence of
Quantum Vacuum Energy
von
Dr. Carlos Calvet
Abstract:
By assigning the elementary Planck units to the units of Newton’s Gravitational Constant (G), it resulted in G being a function of vacuum (zero point) energy (ZPE). ZPE appears to reduce gravity, as it is inversely proportional to gravitational force. Further, the value of ZPE density-matter equivalent has resulted to be equivalent to the Planck mass in a Planck volume, rendering a much easier way of calculation.
Key words:
Gravity, Gravitational constant, zero point energy, inertia, electrogravity, quantum vacuum.
Introduction
[...]
Conclusions and Discussion
1. Gravitation as a Combined Force of Mass Attraction and QV Repulsion
Through (5), Newton’s equation of gravitation (1) can be now expressed more precisely (at quantum level) by the following equation:
[...]
2. Gravitational Inertia
Davies [7] and Unruh [8] demonstrated that there exists a real QV-reaction force to accelerated matter, such that mass acceleration and the opposed QV-reaction effect are two forces, which are intimately interrelated in nature, being the corresponding “Davies-Unruh effect” therefore apparently close to the definition of inertia (a reaction force to acceleration). [7] and [8] demonstrated to a wider extent the link existing between masses and QV. Since in the macroscopic world, inertia is the immediate reaction effect opposed to acceleration, the left component of eq. (12) is therefore analogous to inertia as it is the reaction force to mass acceleration. In addition, following the above-mentioned “principle of independency” and treating the left and the right components of eq. (12) independently, gravitation can be redefined as consisting of two components:
[...]
3. Non-Gravitational Inertia
For non-mutually attracting bodies, i.e., for individual accelerated objects, (nongravitational) inertia can be derived from (14), by substituting forces through Newton’s equation of force (F=ma).
[...]
4. Gravity Control through Electromagnetism
Since G has been proven to be a QV-function by (5), the same applies to gravitation through (12), thus providing the realistic possibility of gravity control through manipulation of ZPE. In fact, (12) demonstrates that QV-energy density weakens gravity. In consequence, if we were able to manipulate ZPE, we would be altering gravity through (12). By increasing QVenergy density, gravity would decrease, while by decreasing the QV-energy density, gravity would increase.
Podkletnov [9] discovered in this sense, in a very controversial work, that a “composite bulk YBa2Cu3O7-x superconductor below 70°K under EM field” was able to produce, what he called ‘weak gravitation shielding’, above and below his superconductor arrangement. The experiment was reproduced by Li et al. [10] and others, and explained by this team, Modanese [11], and others. According to [10], “rotating superconductors in an alternating magnetic field would generate gravity”. NASA is studying this effect in its High Temperature Superconductor (HTSC) Research Program, with an aim towards developing technologies for future interstellar navigation.
According to (12), gravity weakens if ZPE increases. Therefore, to produce a ‘gravity shielding effect’, the above arrangement should have been able to increase local ZPE density. This could obviously have happened through the involved magnetic fields (superconductor, coils). In order for a magnetic field to be able to increase ZPE, it is necessary that a transfer of photons from the magnetic fields to the ZPF, takes place. If this happened, then the higher concentration of vacuum radiation (photons) around the arrangement would produce a higher radiation pressure on nearby objects, thus lowering their weight as predicted by (12), what was effectively observed by Podkletnov.
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I've read the paper and while he does derive the gravitational constant through an inverse equation, this is a violation of Occam's razor. Occam's razor is a problem-solving principle. The principle states that among competing hypotheses that predict equally well, the one with the fewest assumptions should be selected. In order for Dr. Carlos Calvet to be correct he must multiply the explanation by introducing the addition of further assumptions such as hyperspace. It is unnecessary to do that. The gravitational constant can be derived within the framework of just this universe(space). I have also derived an alternate theory of gravity which derives the gravitational constant from just this "space". I do not multiply explanation upon explanation to derive this. Gravity can be understood within the framework of just this universe without the need to add another assumption to the problem like hyperspace.
on 6/15/2015