Significantly, the manifold areas of any institution’s security program have for years been observed to play a vital part in aiding the certification and accreditation (C&A) process of the information assets of that particular company. In this respect, any organization’s information security program is adequately made up by these supporting areas in alignment with both C&A and the post C&A activities (Cavusoglu et al, 2015). Sensibly, it remains mandatory for an individual to have a plan so as to make sure that his/her information assets’ security, regardless of the size of the organization (be it large or small); an aspect termed as a security information program. The process involved in creating a security program makes an individual think holistically concerning his/her company’s security, regardless of the length of the plan. Typically, a security program offers the structure to keep an individual’s business at a desired security level; a phenomenon that occurs through risks assessment faced, presenting sound decisions on how to mitigate these risks along with planning the manner through which one keeps the program and the security practices up-to-date (Posey et al, 2013).
Substantially, data is the predominant value of any organization; the company’s data is the key asset that any security program will aid in protection not to mention that the business’ value rests in its data, an aspect clearly evident in organizations whose information management is controlled by governmental and other regulations, for instance, managing credit card information of the customers. On the other hand, in cases where data management practices are yet to be covered by regulations, the values of the following have to be considered: product information, financial data and customer information. Data protection refers to protecting the information’s confidentiality, integrity as well as its availability, thus; failure of protecting these three aspects results in business loss, loss of the organization’s goodwill and even legal liability (Makinda et al, 2015).
Considerably, having a security program entails taking steps applicable in mitigating the risk of data loss alongside defining a life cycle that can manage the information’s security and that of technology within the organization. Any good security program has to take a holistic approach, which defines through which each of the organization’s unit is involved in the program (Posey et al, 2013). The program has to describe the covered data and the one that is not covered. Furthermore, not only does it assess the risks faced and the strategies of mitigating them, but also indicates how often this program has to be re-evaluated and updated and even, when to assess compliance. A good security program is comprised of several key components, for instance, the presence of a designated security officer (DSO). In the health care sector, which typically embrace security regulations and standards, to have a DSO is not optional, but it is rather a requirement. The DSO has a full responsibility in both coordination and execution of the organization’s security program (Cavusoglu et al, 2015). Moreover, this security officer is the company’s internal check and balance, and in orderio maintain his/her autonomy, he/she is mandated to report to another person who is not in the IT organization.
In addition, policies and procedures represent another key component of a good heath care security program as it awards an opportunity to decide what to do about the risks. There are diverse areas of concern that the heath service providers have to focus on including: protecting the three C-I-A features of information from unpermitted physical access, specifying authentication, creation of passwords, defining aging requirements and audit track protection (Makinda et al, 2015). Another area of concern involves embracing security awareness which ensures that all the service providers are equipped with a copy of the organization’s acceptance use policy and their respective responsibilities are drawn. The significance of having an incident-handling guide has to be revisited as it describes the way to responding to security issues including: potential and actual incidents. Virus protection is another area of concern, a constituent that may comprise of maintenance of hospital-based products and email scanning, as well as transfer of flies for malicious content. The organization has to engage in a strong business continuity planning demonstrating the manner by which it is prepared to respond to manifold natural and artificial disaster scenarios such as setting up effective backup systems, data and sites (Manogaran et al, 2017).
Organizational security awareness is an important component in the heath care security program since human factor remains to be the weakest link in security but not technology; unfortunately, this link has for years been overlooked. Every healthcare service provider has to be conversant with his/her security roles and responsibilities since every employee may be a victim of social-engineering attacks that are intended to compromise an individual’s physical security (Lobelo et al, 2016). Every user has to have training on security awareness and even the employees in the IT section have to be equipped with more role-specific training.
- Quote paper
- Dr. Mutinda Jackson (Author), 2017, The Healthcare Organization's Security Program. Developing a Security Program, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/437927