Teaching Secondary Mathematics through Social Issues on Inequality

Studienarbeit, 2017

14 Seiten, Note: 5.O (HUN-System)



The Research Question on Inequality

Modeling with Data & Mathematics

The Achievement Gap- Data Set
Data Set and Math Skills
Societal Socio-Economic Strata
The Illustration On Societal Socio- Ecoomic Strata
Two Perspectives in our Research which has Connection with Students Mindset and or Data/Maths.
Helping the Peer to Refine or Push His/Her Thiking
Response under Peers Achievement Gap
Ineuality in Educational Access

Reflection Opportunity




This research is to unravel what has to be done in order to close the gap of gender inequality among various gender from this research, it is pertinent that the only way out is to roll out enough legislations dealing with unwholesome practices that tend to promote social and gender inequality, create social awareness among diverse people of the world to see the parochialism of inequality and above all bring people into natural reasoning that equality opportunities, treatments, provision of education and facilities is central to developments.


The inequality Syndrome is a global issue. It cuts across many geographical boundaries and races though with varying degree of perception. In Nigeria for instance, among the Hausa of Northern Nigeria, the gender inequality is more serious where women are kept in purdah for religious reasons and purposes. However, among the Igbos in the South Eastern part of Nigeria, women enjoy relative social freedom but we still regarded as weak and lower when compared with the men’s counterpart. In the Yoruba Culture, women are allowed a certain degree of freedom and equality but are the still subjected to lower status. Inequality also affect children. Children are regarded as minors. They have not fully developed and that is why Adults neglects them and regard them so. But potentially children are adults and deserve to be accorded all the full rights and privileges due to human person and many countries across the world try to enact laws that protects the right of child and women. The gender inequality affects these two groups mainly and socially, economically they are most valuable.

The various dimensions of gender inequality cuts across harmful traditional practices, Rape, incest and child defilement, Socio- political marginalization of women, female genital mutilation, child labour. To all these and more not mentioned, the women, children and the less privileged are subjected to daily basis.

In line with the UN Declarations in human rights and the various constitutional provisions on fundamental human rights across many countries and culture, enough relevant laws have been fully enacted to protect check and monitor the violation of human right which invariably closes gap of gender inequality. Some of these laws are for instance Enugu state prohibition of infringement of a widows and widowers fundamental Rights law NO. 3 of 2001. Children and young person’s laws of Enugu state Cap 21 of 1991’s Customary Marriages (special provisions) Law Cap, 33 of 1991. Enugu State Citizens. Right and Mediation Centre Cap 45 of 1991 and Enugu State commission for Women Law 46 0f 1991.The cited Laws above represents a sample of extant laws created by National Assembly, State Assembles, Courts, Tribunals, Executive pronouncements, etc. The first Law cited above targets widows and widowers but most often it addresses the plight of women who are the chief victims of the circumstance. By virtue of men’s position they are capable of bargaining their way through and they are less valuable to social issues and circumstances.

Women and children are the chief benefactors of these laws, it is worthy to observe that most often these laws have produced positive impacts in out of Courts settlement because a mere mention of these laws compels the offending parties to yield and comply. By their nature, women are cooperative and sub servant. For few of sanctions or ostracism, they do not normally take their kinsman to Court. Out of Court settlement is preferred except in some few extreme cases involving obstinate kinsmen, then the provisions of the law has to prevail in Courts with relative competent jurisdictions.

In Nigeria traditional society, the practice of gender inequality are perceives to be okay by men especially the uneducated class, They see it from the point of view of might, that since men are naturally stronger than women and as such are superior etc. But the women folk perceives it as unfair and unjust. As a result of this, women after their conference at Benigni, China, they claimed 35% affirmative and from there progress to 50- 50, which measures women at par with men.

The impact of gender inequality is directly on women and affects their socio-economic status, ego, privileges, occupation etc. It impacts indirectly on men and society. Men perceive women to be weaker, second class and lower in creation. But this is not true. In Nigeria gender inequality pervades social engineering, economic emancipation etc. In other countries of the world especially the Western world, women have said and they compete favorably with men in all facets of life. The gap of inequality in Africa nay Nigeria. So truly the degree of gender inequality affects various religious and people differently.

The Research Question on Inequality

1. What can be done to enact more relevant laws dealing with inequality?
2. Why is it necessary to create equal access to education to all sexes?
3. Has physical strength any negative role to pay in the actualization of equality of genders?
4. Does inequality exist among race of the world?
5. What is the role of the NGO's in promoting Gender equality in Nigeria?
6. How has inequality impacted on the economics of countries of the world

Modeling with Data & Mathematics

Now, thinking about the data you've selected for your Social Justice topic, consider what math skills mesh well with the data and your chosen topic. Do you have two sets of quantitative data that may have a relationship between them? Consider a regression. Do you have counts of a certain characteristic (male/female, educated/not educated, etc.)? Perhaps a probability or percent calculation would be useful. Again, consider using Radical Math's Math Skills and Topics resource* to help guide your thinking. What mathematical skills will students learn through the investigation you are crafting? After considering your Social Justice topic, data sets, and mathematical skills/topics, post at least ONE dataset and associated math skill you plan to use to the discussion board. Also, please reply to at least ONE peer post, helping the peer to refine or push his/her thinking.

The Achievement Gap- Data Set

One perspective for the achievement gap would come from the parents of students in the minority groups or lower SES groups. After researching, I have found that parent education level can have an effect on a student's achievement level. There is data that compares parents' years of schooling after high school to their children's average ACT scores. I will have my students perform linear regression on this. They will plot parent years of schoolingon the x axis and student average ACT score on the y. They will then choose two points and draw a line of best fit. They will write the equation for this line and use it to predict student ACT scores given the number of years their parents went to school after high school.

Inequality impacts negatively on production. The country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross Natural Domestic Product (GNDP) must continue to be on downward trade when people are denied their due opportunities, when they are deprived and marginalized in the economic fields, when they are psychologically wounded and are not deposed to work and contribute optimally to the production, the cost of production becomes high and output become low.

Here in Enugu State, precisely Enugu metropolis, there is scarcity of water. There is a great river near by - Anjali River which could supply water adequately to Enugu and its envious but the government has failed in its responsibility of circulatory adequate water. The reason often is that there is no electricity to generate and pump water scarcity of water affect domestic and industrial purposes. Water is life and is required for most activities ranging from drinking for cooking, washing, farming etc. Scarcity of water affects the health of people. people rely on water distributed by tankers must most of which are not treated and are contaminated and water - borne diseases becomes the order of the day. The health and works Ministry should rise to their duty and provide good drinking water to the teeming population without which life will be affected and production purposes greatly hampered Learning is the most consistent aspect of human life. An important measure towards reducing crime, corruption and phobia in the world is through moral information sharing, ethical and attitudinal change for everybody be the old, rich or poor, in the government or private sector.

Every reasoning citizen has ta state in this struggle. Everybody has a moral base on their opinion. So improve on transparency and accountability in all public and private translations. It is true that if you don't help to put out the fire in your neighbor's house, the next house mighty be yours''. The Government should embark on social reform progress which will create free and competitive climate. Using the relevant laws and relevant institutions like Woman Commission, Human Right Watch, courts Citizens Mediation Commission etc. to remove strings of Inequality in the Socio- political structure and this engender free climate that will promote and stimulate perfect competition. We should consider based on their ability not any Social factor or superstition. Achievement Gap. One perspective in my lesson would be that of the student. The data/math associated with this perspective involves performing linear regression on the years of schooling a student's parent attends after high school versus that student's ACT score. From this data, students will find a positive correlation- with more schooling for the parents, comes higher test scores for the student. Thus, the students will likely empathize with students whose parents haven't gone to college. It will hopefully lead them to wondering what to do about the achievement gap issue. Another perspective would be that of the teacher. Through this perspective, they will make bar graphs comparing test scores for students of the minority groups or low SES groups with those of the majority or higher SES groups. This will likely cause them to empathize with both the minority students/low SES and also the teacher. They will realize the importance that this data implicates for the teacher and their need to reach all students and differentiate lesson plans.


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Teaching Secondary Mathematics through Social Issues on Inequality
Debreceni Egyetem  (FACULTY OF HEALTH)
5.O (HUN-System)
ISBN (eBook)
ISBN (Buch)
teaching, secondary, mathematics, social, issues, inequality
Arbeit zitieren
Caroline Chigbo (Autor:in), 2017, Teaching Secondary Mathematics through Social Issues on Inequality, München, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/438174


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Titel: Teaching Secondary Mathematics through Social Issues on Inequality