Factors of Undecidability in Career Choices of Grade 11 General Academic Track Students. Basis for Career Decision-Making Program


Research Paper (postgraduate), 2018
21 Pages

Free online reading

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
II. Literature Review
III. Research Questions
IV. Scope and Limitations
V. Significance of the Study
VI: Methodology
VII. Results and Discussion
VIII. Conclusion
IX. Recommendations

References 21

Abstract

This study determined the factors of undecidability in making career choices and identified the problems and difficulties encountered by GAS Grade 11 students as a basis for Career Decision Making Program. There are 36 or 48.6 % males and 38 or 51.4 % females for the School Year 2016-2017.

This study is a descriptive research design utilized a purposive sampling, total enumeration was used.

The problems encountered by Grade 11 students in deciding what career to choose are the following: 1. they are still confused of what career path to take; 2. the parents’ decision should be followed; 3. financial insufficiency; 4. no school that offers the course they want with; 5. they do not see their future career; 6. they feel too sick or sickly that they cannot choose the right career; 7. being away from my friends if they take a different course.

This study described the profile and identified the problems and difficulties of the respondents to introduce an intervention program.

This research can be one of the most original in the history of the Department of Education since it is the first time to produce graduates under K-12 program.

Keywords: undecidability, career choice, decision making

I. Introduction

Making a correct career choice is one of the major decisions of Grade 11 students in their academic and personal life. Usually, they are at a tender age of 16-17 in which undecidability is a common problem in terms of choosing a career. For most students influenced by parents, guardians, teachers, friends, peers and many others, it is difficult because there are many factors to consider especially for the first batch of Grades 11 and 12, in which the K-12 program is fully implemented.

One of the main challenges of K-12 in improving Philippine education is to provide quality basic education opportunities for all students, increasing the quality of educational process and the transition from senior high school to college levels, as well as improving the integration of the whole educational system.

Senior high school education in the Philippines has a very important impact in the country’s national development. The government invested in education in the hope that students will become globally competitive. To become globally competitive, the student must be eager to see themselves what career path will they pursue in the near future. A planned and organized life and career goals can contribute to their personal and professional growth. However, adolescents in the Philippines compared to Western civilization (where K-12 system is patterned) cannot make their own decisions at all times, especially when choosing career. They are fond of soliciting advice from parents, teachers, friends, peers or idolized figure. When they are confused, they cannot be able to finalize their decision. Furthermore, they may also consider other important factors such as financial status of parents, career opportunities, intellectual capacity and many more. For these reasons, this proposal is pursued to investigate the factors of undecidability of Grade 11 students in making career choices.

II. Literature Review

Grades 11 and 12 are Senior High School (SHS) students who are enrolled in specialization based on aptitude, interests, and school capacity. The choice of career track will define the content of the subjects a student will take in Grades 11 and 12. These subjects fall under Core Curriculum or Career Pathways. Preparation in the right education and right occupation is very crucial and must be supported or guided by educational organization or guidance counselor to develop students to their best potentials.

There are different factors that affect students undecidability in making career choices. One of which is family-related factors. According to Pascual (2014), study revealed that Filipino immigrants and non-immigrants rely heavily on their family’s decision-making. Furthermore, she stated that, “Sad to say but very few studies are made to investigate success of career path used in the students of the Philippines, even the factors that affect the career choice of Filipino students. This provides us with limited information on how to help our students identify the proper career options and course choice they have to pursue in the future. Students are not properly oriented as to what course to choose out of their interest and skills but because of the thought that these courses will provide jobs in the future. More so, students are opt career they think will give better paying job in the future. As what Salazar-Clemena, Rose Marie. (2002),as cited by Pascual (2014) posits, “What college education can we afford that can make you finish quickly, get a job, and start helping with family finances? In other words, their concern is not finding guideposts in a career path, but peso signs that would lead them out of poverty.

In the Philippines, initiatives for career guidance started when the Philippine government got alarmed with the growing number of unemployed college graduates and some who got employed in areas not related to their specialization (Santamaria, J.D. 2008) as cited by Braza and Guillo (2015). According to Pascual (2014), “Unemployment rate in the country is commonly associated with the misfit graduates produced by universities and colleges and the workforce needed by different companies. The wrong choice of course taken by most of high school students adds to the unemployment and underemployment rate of newly graduate students. With this the study determined the factors affecting the fourth-year high school students’ career preference of University of Rizal System’ Laboratory School in Morong Rizal.”

The students’ lack of career information, and wrong decisions was found to be the most contributing factor to the country’s problem on unemployment and job mismatch and underemployment. As cited by Braza and Guillo (2015), the report of Labor Force Survey done in January 2012 revealed that there are around 7.1 million underemployed Filipinos or an underemployment of 19.4 percent, a result of congested basic education system and unassisted career decision making. With the given facts, there is a need for an enhanced educational system and career guidance activities that will help students choose the appropriate career oath based on their interest and competency, as well as the market demand must be strengthened.

Although studies shown by Braza & Guillo (2015) and Pascual (2014) are relevant to the present study, mentioning about unemployment with regard to students’ career preferences, this study will highlight the “undecidability” which is a prior state of the mind before one can make a decision which can be right or wrong. The objective of the study is not to identify the factors affecting their career choice but rather the factors affecting the students’ undecidability. It is focused more on the reasons why students are incapable of making decision in terms of their career choices.

III. Research Questions

1. What is the profile of the Grade 11 students of Francisco Osorio National High School in terms of the following:
1.1. age;
1.2. gender;
1.3. family structure/type;
1.3.1. nuclear;
1.3.2. extended;
1.3.3. broken;
1.4. family income;
1.5. number of siblings
1.6. favorite subject;
1.7. interest/hobbies;
1.8. talent;

2. What problems do Grade 11 students encounter when deciding what career to choose?
3. Why do Grade 11 students find it difficult to make decision in choosing career?
4. What are the factors of undecidability of Grade 11 students in choosing career?
5. Based from the result of the findings, what career decision making program may be proposed?

IV. Scope and Limitations

This study described the profile of Grade 11 students and identifies the problems and difficulties encountered in making career choices as well as the factors of undecidability in choosing their career. The respondents are composed of Grade 11 students enrolled in the first grading period of School Year 2016-2017 at Francisco Osorio National High School.

V. Significance of the Study

This study may be useful in understanding the context of students’ variety of experiences and exposures to several opportunities after finishing Grade 12. This may also provide them a career guide to make them more effective, efficient, competitive and fulfilled in the type of career they are going to choose. This may also help the teachers to make a necessary adjustment to their learning style and process their best performance to the activities that suits their capacity, interest and thereby develop their sense of commitment and responsibility. Furthermore, it may strengthen or enhance the career guidance and counseling services of the school since it will help the students to make good career choices and prevent them from increasing number of unemployment, job mismatch and underemployment problems in the country.

VI: Methodology

Sampling

Since there are only 80 Grade 11 students enrolled in Francisco Osorio National High School, total enumeration was utilized. All of them were given checklist on career choices and identified those who are undecided to choose their career after senior high school.

Data Collection

Survey questionnaire were used to gather the data among Grade 11 students to determine who are undecided to choose their career after Senior High School.

Plan for Data Analysis

This study employed descriptive to analyze their experience of undecidability in making career choice.

Ethical Issues

The purpose of the research was thoroughly explained how they will benefit from the study towards school improvement. There were no risks and discomforts that involved in the study. The schedule of the interview and focus group discussion was carefully planned and organized according to the availability of both parties. Strict confidentiality of the respondents was implemented by using code names or pseudonyms. The respondents were not forced to participate in the study. It was thoroughly explained that anytime they wish to withdraw they are free to do so anytime and in any day.

VII. Results and Discussion

Profile of the Respondents

Out of 80 enrolled Grade 11 students in Francisco Osorio National High School, there are only 74 students who were willingly participated in the study. They were given checklist to answer as many responses as it applies to them particularly in favorite subjects, interest/hobbies, talents, problem and difficulties encountered in making career choices as well as the factors they perceive to be hindrance in their undecidability to making career choices.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 1shows the distribution of gender. There are 36 or 48.6 % males and 38 or 51.4 % females. It indicates that there are great numbers of females enrollees than male enrollees for the School Year 2016-2017.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 2 shows the age of the respondents. There are 60 or 81.1 % of respondents whose ages bracket fall between 16-17 years old. Meanwhile, there are 14 or 18.9% of respondents whose ages fall between 18-19 years old. It further indicates that minority of Grade 11 students are older from their year level. Some of them were delayed in schooling.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table shows that Grade 11 students belong to three (3) types of family structure: Nuclear, Extended and Broken Family. There are 55 or 74.32 % of the respondents belong to nuclear family: 13 or 17.57 % belong to Extended Family. Lastly, there are 6 of them belong to broken family or parents who are separated.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 4 shows the family income of the Grade 11 students based from the combined salary of both parents. There are 19 or 25.68 % of them belong to family income bracket of 5,001-10,000; 16 or 21.62% whose family income is between 10,001-15,000; 14 or 18.92% are earning below 5,000; 12 or 16.22% has a family income of 15,001 to 20,000. Meanwhile, there are 3 family income brackets that got 3 or 4.05% of the total responses: 20,001-25,000; 30,001-35,000 and 35,001-40,000. Two of the family income brackets got 2 or 2.70 &responses: 25,001-30,000 and 40,001-45,000.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 5 shows that out of 74 grade 11 students, 28 or 37.84 % have 3 siblings, then 2 siblings got 13 or 17.57 % followed by 4 siblings with 10 or 13.51 % and 1 sibling with 9 or 2.70 % of the total responses. Ranked 6th are those scores with 2 responses or 2.70% which are zero sibling, eight (8) and nine (9) siblings. Lastly, ranked 9th are those with siblings six (6) and seven (7) with a frequency score of 1 or 1.35 %.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 6 shows the distribution of favorite subjects of 74 Grade 11 students from their Grade 10 up to the subjects enrolled in their Second Semester SY 2016-2017. Ranked number 1 in the list is English/ Literature that garnered a score of 53 or 20.23 %. It further connotes that young generations are more inclined to use English language as a form of communication and appreciate anything in English because English is still a powerful language.

Then, ranked 2 of the total population is the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) particularly Animation with a score of 44 or 16.79 %. It is an extended term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual. It further connotes that younger generation are into technology and gadgets, hence, they belong to this category.

Social Science subject obtained a score of 33 or 12.6 % ranked 3 among the favorite of Grade 11 students followed by MAPEH with 31 or 11.83 % which is ranked 4. Science subject is ranked number 5 that garnered a score of 30 or 11.45 %; it is followed by Arts subject with 27 or 10.31 % ranked 6th of the total population. Math garnered a score of 21 or 8.02 % which is ranked number 7 followed by Filipino with 12 or 4.58 % ranked number 8.

Lastly, the ranked 10 was shared by History and Values with 2 or .76 %. It further indicates that students have poor knowledge of the Philippine history and legacy of ancestors affecting the moral fibers of Filipino younger generation.

Apparently, there are two respondents who did not specify their favorite subject for unknown reason.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 7 shows the interests / hobbies of 74 Grade 11 students. They were given chances to click as many talents as they have. Ranked number 1 in the list is their talent in singing that garnered a score of 38 or 17.35 % of 219 responses. It further connotes that the most common talent of the younger generation is singing especially that nowadays, there are a great number of videoke machine for rent use for entertainment during special events that anybody can showcase their interest in singing.

Ranked number 2 among the interest or hobbies of Grade 11 is playing sports and surfing on the net with a score of 32 or 14.61 %. Dancing is ranked number 4 among their interest or hobbies of Grade 11 with a score of 31 or 14.16 %. It is followed by playing online games with a score of 29 or 13.24 %. Nowadays, students are observed glued with their smart phones during class hours because they are playing online games. It further connotes that their frequent hobby on playing online games might affect academic performance because it consumes time, money and effort.

Reading is ranked 6th among the interest or hobbies of Grade 11 students. Since majority of them responded to English or Literature as their favorite subject, they are into reading.

Ranked 7 is interest in writing with a score of 16 or 7.31% of the total responses. Meanwhile, other talents are not specified also belong to this rank.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 8 shows the self-reported talents of Grade 11 is singing with frequency of 35 or 21.21 % responses. This is congruent with their interest and hobbies which is also ranked 1st. Dancing is next in the rank with a frequency of 28 or 16.97%, followed by writing, 15 or 9.09%. Ranked number 4 is playing sports as their talent followed by drawing, 12 or 7.27 %. Most of the students under ICT are required to draw particularly in their Animation subject. Meanwhile, composing song is one of their talents with 10 or 6.06 % of the total responses, followed by cooking with 9 or 5.45 %.

Two of the talents belong to rank number 8 with 7 or 4.24% which are playing instruments and rapping. Another two of the talents are ranked 10 which are Arts / Designing and Communication with 6 or 3.64 %. Ranked 12 is the talent or talents unidentified or not specified for unknown reason. Lastly, ranked 13 are their talents in any computer - related activities. It further connotes that even if they score high in computer - related activities as one of their hobbies or interest, it does not necessarily mean that it is their talent.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 9 shows the problems encountered by Grade 11 students in deciding what career to choose after their completion in high school. Most of their responses unanimously fall on the confusion of what course to take when they go to tertiary education with 39 or 25.49 %. Though, 100 % of them took National Career Assessment Examination or NCAE during their Grade 10, according to the result of this study, they are still confused of what career path to take. Probably, it can be lack of mind conditioning or preparation that they did not seriously answer the exam or rushing to finish to take the exam.

Next in rank, among the problems encountered by Grade 11 students are the parents’ decision should be followed with 33 or 21.57% responses. In the Philippine context, parents are there to guide and guard what is best for their children. Conditionally, children have always the tendency to rely on parents’ decision, whoever is more influential, the father or the mother or it can be both.

Third in the rank is the financial insufficiency which is 26 or 16. 99 % of the students thought that the course they would take may not be enough to survive for their everyday living. Some of them may even thought that further studies would even make them financially drain and the solution is to land a job instead of continuing higher education.

The fourth problem encountered is that there is no school that offers the course they want with 16 or 10.46 % responses. While it is true that there is no school that offers all courses, it can be very difficult to decide to continue enrolling to other school if the tuition fee is extremely costly.

Fifth problem encountered is that they do not see their future career with 14 or 9.15 % responses. This is congruent with their first problem that they are confused of what course to take in college. Rationally, if they could not make decision because they do not know what course to take, it would be very difficult for them to see their future career.

Sixth problem, they feel to sick or sickly that they cannot choose the right career for me with 13 or 8.50%. This is also congruent with their second problem in which parents make decision for them. They feel so helpless or probably have the feeling of powerlessness over their own career path to take because they think that they are still young to make decisions for themselves and they are not used to make major decisions in life.

Lastly, they consider it a problem of being away from my friends if they take a different course with 12 or 7.84 % of the total responses. While it is true that high school life is the most memorable years if they earn 6 years of residency in the school, it is hard to break the knots of friendship that connects their common interest, goals and shared experiences. Hence, the option is to take similar course with the friends in order to feel acceptance and belongingness.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 10 shows the difficulties encountered by Grade 11 students. On top of the list is that they like what they have chosen a career; however, they think that they might not be able to finish it probably because of financial insufficiency as declared earlier or it can be parents’ decision should be followed but eventually, they may no longer wish to continue the course they do not want. Hence, another difficulty set forth is their foresight that they might shift a course someday with 31 or 15.20 %. In connection to this, third difficulty encountered is that they may have chosen a career, but it is difficult to see themselves enjoying in the profession with 26 or 12.75% of the responses. Fourth, there is a conflict with what they want and what their parents' want with 22 or 10.78%. Fifth, they fear that they might be rejected in the course they are going to take with 19 or 9.31 % responses. Sixth, don’t have a clear vision of what's going to be my future career with a frequency score of 17 or 8.33 %. Seventh I can’t think of other reason why it's difficult for me to make decision in choosing career with a frequency score of 15 or 7.35%. Eight, they just go with the flow with the recent demand of profession in the society nowadays with 12 or 5.88 %. Meanwhile, rank number 9 goes to the two (2) difficulties encountered with 9 or 4.41 % responses: 1. they think, they are still young to make their own decision especially with their career and 2. they don't know their interest. Eleventh difficulty is that they perceive themselves that they do not have a talent (6 or 2.94%). Lastly, other reasons (3 or 1.47 %) of difficulties were left unanswered.

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Table 11 presents that among the factors of undecidability in choosing career after senior high school is their financial problem with 33 or 24.63 % of the total responses. Second in rank is their immaturity to make decision with 26 or 19.40%. Third in the rank is the peer pressure and the right school to choose is too limited with 20 or 14.93%. Fifth, is the parental conflict with 15 or 11.19 %. Sixth, there are no new friends or acquaintances 11 or 8.21%. Seventh, the school is not credited by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED). Eight, other reasons (3 or 2.24%) of difficulties are left unanswered. Last factor considered is the health problem with 1 or .75 % response.

VIII. Conclusion

Based on the result of the study, the following conclusions were made:

1. Females outnumbered males whose age bracket fall between 16-17 years old. Their family types are majority nuclear in nature with a family income bracket of 5,001-10,000 with an average of 3 siblings. Most of the respondents love English subjects which involves the study of literature, reading and writing in English language as a form of communication and appreciate anything in English because English is still a powerful language. When it comes to interest or hobbies, most the respondents love singing, and it becomes their talent as well.
2. The following problems encountered by Grade 11 students in deciding what career to choose after their completion in high school were ranked accordingly:1. they are confused with what course to take; 2. their mother/father make a decision for them; 3. the family income is not sufficient; 4. there is no school that offers the course they want; 5. they do not see my future career; 6. they feel to sick or sickly that they can’t choose the right career for them. Lastly, having a problem being away from my friends if they take a different course.
3. The following difficulties encountered by Grade 11 students were ranked consequently: 1. they like what they have chosen a career; 2. they have difficulty in choosing that they might shift someday; 3. they have chosen a career but it is difficult to see themselves enjoying in the profession; 4. there is a conflict with what they want and what their parents' want; 5. they fear that they might be rejected in the course they are going to take; 6. they don’t have a clear vision of what's going to be their future career; 7. they can’t think of other reason why it's difficult for them to make decision in choosing career; 8. they just go with the flow with the recent demand of profession in the society nowadays; 9.1 they don't know their interest and; 9.2 they I think, they are still young to make their own decision for myself especially my career; 11. they perceived that they don’t have a talent; and last other reasons of difficulties were left unanswered.
4. The following factors of undecidability in choosing career among senior high school students were arranged according to their rank: 1. financial problem; 2. immaturity to make decision; 3.1 the right school to choose is too limited; 3.2 peer pressure; 5. parental conflict; 6. No new friends or acquaintances; 7. the school is not credited by the Commission on higher Education (CHED); 8. Other reasons are left unanswered and lastly, heath problems

IX. Recommendations

Based on the result of the study, the following recommendations were made:

1. Grade 11 students must be informed individually or by group about the problems encountered in choosing their career and seek career counseling with the guidance counselor what is the best career that could be possibly pursued based on their talents. skills, interests and qualifications.
2. The Grade 11 students must be given a Career Talk by other institutions to provide them proper overview of the career status of the employees based on the labor market demand. This must be given before they enter Grade 11 in order to avoid shifting of track during Grade 11.
3. Students must be given a profile of possible schools they wish to enter when they enrolled in Grade 11. This will give them overviews of what courses are being offered and what is the best program being offered by the school. This will give students an ample time to fit their talents. skills, interests and qualifications.
4. Lastly, students must undergo a “Career Decision Making Program” proposed in this study to help them realize the best track or strand that would their abilities and qualification.

CAREER DECISION MAKING program (30 HOURS)

This program is designed for Grade 11 and Grade 12 introducing the key components of career decision making. Tools and techniques to assess personality, abilities, interests, transferable skills, values and employment barriers are introduced. Career exploration, goal-setting and decision-making strategies result in individualized action plans that incorporate assessment data with occupational research and current labor market information.

Rationale

1. The Career Guidance Program implemented by Department of Education among Grade 11 students is found to be helpful in identifying students’ interest; however, it was found out that majority of them are still undecided of what course to take in college. Factors of undecidability vary for every student. To be holistically developed individuals with 21st Century skills, students must be determined of what career path they have to undertake in order to have a focus in achieving their goals.
2. In view of the above, this program aims to establish a set of guidelines in preparation for their tertiary education.

Procedures

With the aim of assisting Grade 11-12, this program will promote awareness in the importance of making an accurate career decision making that suits their personality, interest / hobbies, talents, family income status, family structure, number of siblings and family or parents’ influence and what is most important is the current demand of the society.

This program consists of three modules

Module 1. What is involved in Making a Career Decision and Goal setting?

Module 2. Developing Career Decision making skill

Module 3. Enhancement of employability and job search skill

References

Angara E.J. (2012). Calls for Better Guidance. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/

Braza, R.M.S. Guillo Jr. RM. Socio- Demographic Characteristics and Career Choice of Private Secondary School Students. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Vol. 3 No. 4, November 201578-8. P-ISSN 2350-7756 E-ISSN 2350-8442

Pascual, N.T. Factors Affecting High School Students’ Career Preference: A Basis for Career Planning Program. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR). (2014) Volume 16, No 1, pp 1-14 http://www.urs.edu.ph/wp- content/uploads/2016/06/2261-4881-1-PB.pdf ISSN 2307-4531.

Kelechi, Lazarus, U, Chinwe Ihuoma. (2011). The role of guidance counselors in the career development of adolescents and young adults with special needs. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences ISSN: 2046-9578, Vol.2 No.1 British Journal Publishing, Inc. 2011 http://www.bjournal.co.uk/BJASS.aspx. [December 16, 2012].

Saysay, Karen-Lyn. (2011). A qualitative study on Pilipino Americans students relative to their high school success and career choices. Published Dissertation. Faculty of the USC Rossier School of Education, University of Southern California. Proquest. UMI number 346610. [January 21,

Santamaria, J.D. (2008) Career Planning Workbook, 5th Edition, Philippines,Career System Inc.

Thao, Nealcheng Xeng. (2009). Examining family and community influences on the attitudes to education and career aspirations of Hmong/Mong high school students. Published Dissertation. Faculty of the Graduate School,University of Minnesota. Proquest. UMI number 3358651. [January 13,2013]

Salazar-Clemena, Rose Marie. (2002). Family Ties and Peso Signs: Challenges for Career Counseling in the Philippines. [ABI/INFORM Global]. The Career Development Quarterly, 50(3).

21 of 21 pages

Details

Title
Factors of Undecidability in Career Choices of Grade 11 General Academic Track Students. Basis for Career Decision-Making Program
Author
Year
2018
Pages
21
Catalog Number
V455104
ISBN (Book)
9783668862951
Language
English
Tags
factors, undecidability, career, choices, grade, general, academic, track, students, basis, decision-making, program
Quote paper
Dr. Josephine P. Manapsal (Author), 2018, Factors of Undecidability in Career Choices of Grade 11 General Academic Track Students. Basis for Career Decision-Making Program, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/455104

Comments

  • No comments yet.
Read the ebook
Title: Factors of Undecidability in Career Choices of Grade 11 General Academic Track Students. Basis for Career Decision-Making Program


Upload papers

Your term paper / thesis:

- Publication as eBook and book
- High royalties for the sales
- Completely free - with ISBN
- It only takes five minutes
- Every paper finds readers

Publish now - it's free