The power of language. How can language create Individual identities?


Research Paper (undergraduate), 2019
11 Pages, Grade: A

Excerpt

Table of contents

Introduction

Literature Review

Variations in Language

Dialect, Accent and Individual Identity

Language and Power

Educationally constructed identities

Politically Constructed Identities

Language and Individual Identity

Multilingualism and identity

Culture and Individuality

The Quest for Recognition

Conclusion

References

Introduction

Language is an essential apparatus for communication. A Language shapes the manner in which individuals see the world and it likewise characterizes culture of any general public. Any language is a blessing the information of more than one dialect makes a man progressively proficient and skillful from multiple points of view. But language is not limited only for communication as it has a very vital role in our lives. It is the tool through which we conquer anything in the world. However, apart from these facts’ language has the power to dominant over ideas, create different identities and construct a social gap between people.

According to Edward, “language and identity are ultimately inseparable” (Edward, 2013). Words and dialect establish implications inside talks and talks fluctuate in power. The incredible ones replicate all the more dominant implications, colonize different languages and underestimate or quietness the slightest amazing dialects and societies. For some people, language is the most critical factor while framing their own identities. In all occasions the general population have been gathering themselves in connection with the dialect they speak; for the basic reason that on the off chance that you don't have the foggiest idea about the dialect of a gathering, you cannot go into it and be a part of it. They easily switch their language in order to be the part of any gathering. But most of the time they deliberately switch their language in order to get preference or to show others that how educated we are.

This shift in language constructs the identities among same group of people. They move towards the most powerful language in order to gain the fame. This switching of languages makes people no longer in their previous identities rather they develop their own identities according to the language they used. As Thornborrow states that our identity is not always stable. Rather it is something which depends on how we constantly build it in our lives. It is solely depending on our thinking that how we approach the things and how much we are conscious about our identity.

Literature Review

Byram states,” cultural learning has to be taken place as an integral part of language learning, and vice versa” (Byram, 1994). He views that the way we learn language, we also need to learn culture language in order to know the real meaning of culture and language both. As Hall explains Language is the property of neither the sender nor the receiver of meanings. It is the shared cultural space, in which both sender and receiver have to understand the common language in order to coexist (Stuart, 1997). Language and culture have a close link. Hall explains the notion of language identity as a means of symbolic practice where as culture stands as a sign of practice. Through communication we not only create identities but we create cultural difference as well (Hall, 1997). As Baldwin sees it, language is a tool to reveal private identity and to connect or disconnect an individual from the communal identity. Language is a maker of social personality and a medium to increase confidence and power in the general public. Correspondence functions as a mechanism for renegotiating singular position in the public arena and gives an entrance to control. Identity isn't a completion procedure, it goes on. It is persistently changing and changing inside recorded, social and social advancements and practices, for example, globalization, innovation, and new developments in innovation. It is language that assumes an indispensable job in setting up identity (Paulin, 2006).

Variations in Language

Every person in this world belongs to many groups like; city, family, religion, region, nation, etc. And these groups tend to develop variation which lead them differ from one group. These variations had a very great impact in forming one’s identity. Thus, every speaker talks numerous dialects or registers in their routine and they are unaware of that how these variations can affect their language. Every dialect likewise tends towards more broad use than inside its very own gathering and each tends towards some utilization by neighboring gatherings to encourage correspondence. In this sense, a few dialects keep on growing because of the general quality and strength of their speakers.

Due to these variations we forget that the use of language is not only for communication rather it is a powerful tool through which we are revealing our identity. And by doing this we adopt a fresh change in our thinking and identity, slowly and gradually we are so much engrossed in, that we started to construct our identities on the basis of language rather it is not us. It is our language that construct identities. Our language use is continually in contact with the psyche to caution us about the appropriateness of our dialect decision arranging the requirements of our social personality around then. Along these lines dialect and character have coordinate impact over one another and are always occupied with a procedure of delivering and forming one another.

Dialect, Accent and Individual Identity

There is much discussion accessible on insightful dimension with respect to the definition what dialect is. Also, there are definitions which incorporate the most agreed definition of the term dialect. One such definition is, ‘dialects are varieties of a language used by groups smaller than the total community of speakers of the language’ (Lee A. Pederson, 1998). The dialectal identity could be term as our geographical identity. It is a direct result of certain land imperatives that separations may bring forth unique assortment of dialect which would even now keep the substantial establishments of the parent dialect. And sometimes, our accent also makes us differ from others and we establish our separate identities. Laver state that ‘the technical meaning of the term accent is simply manner of pronunciation’ (Laver, 1994). This manner of pronunciation is varying from place to place and person to person. When these sorts of variations came in the language it constructs the identities and person makes an individual identity.

Language and Power

Language and power both have a very close connection in constructing the identities. Individuals will in general build their personalities in ground-breaking dialects. Dialect use and character are conceptualized rather contrastingly in a sociocultural point of view on human activity. Here, personality isn't viewed as particular, fixed, and characteristic for the person. Or maybe, it is seen as socially comprised, dynamic result of the social, verifiable and political settings of a person's lived encounters. In the historical perspective, people are more interested to construct their identities in powerful language. If we see in Pakistan this case is very much obvious as it is a multi- lingual nation. Out of many languages only English and Urdu is the most commonly accepted languages. As English is the official language and Urdu is the national language of Pakistan. English and Urdu are viewed as amazing languages in Multilingual setting of Pakistan. Urdu is image of national character and English is the wellspring of getting employments being worker is accepted to be ground-breaking in current social orders. It is seen that with powerful language people can get a bigger number of achievements of life than the speakers of different dialects (Rehman, 2002).

“Linguistic behaviour depends on the usage of two, three or more languages according to the condition’’ (Kachru, 1986). Kachru is of view that you can use language according to the situation. But in Pakistan the widely used languages are English and Urdu and they have divided the people in different identities as majority of the people use these languages as they have the dominancy over mother languages.

Educationally constructed identities

Alongside the identity construction another job of language is its utilization in education. As Urdu is national and across the board urban dialect which is the mechanism of educating in government schools while English being authentic what's more, worldwide language is particularly instructed in science and innovation subjects at more elevated amounts particularly to the individuals who try to examine science and innovation. (Rehman, The Urdu-English Controversy in Pakistan., 1997). These two powerful languages in Pakistan divert the ethnicity of individuals and they move towards the widely accepted language in order to earn a good future.

Politically Constructed Identities

Reason for offering honorability to Urdu as national dialect is that it is broadly spread in Pakistan. Urdu speakers thought themselves more refined than the indigenous speakers. On its pinnacle, this is an image of making a bound together 'Pakistani' character. Here it fills political need of opposing ethnicity. Rehman views that indigenous languages are given less importance than Urdu language, that’s why Urdu language enjoys a dominant place overall the native languages. (Rehman, Language, Power and Ideology, 2002).

Language and Individual Identity

Language denotes the character of a person. Dialect of an individual goes with the emphasize, the ascent and fall of pitch and a specific enlist to make and check his or her character. The dialect of any individual will incorporate specific enlist as indicated by his or her sexual orientation, family relationship, class, area, religion. We can recognize an officer from their harsh way of discourse and utilization of fight words. We can recognize advocates from their dialect of law. The equivalent is valid for each individual from society. language is a marker and identifier through which we can easily recognized a person. We are so acquainted with such phonetic conduct from the specific people that we discover it out of ordinariness when we see a diversion in the dialect conduct of such conversationalists.

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Details

Title
The power of language. How can language create Individual identities?
Grade
A
Author
Year
2019
Pages
11
Catalog Number
V465275
ISBN (eBook)
9783668927650
ISBN (Book)
9783668927667
Language
English
Tags
Language, individual, identities
Quote paper
Isra Shaikh (Author), 2019, The power of language. How can language create Individual identities?, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/465275

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