Regulation and privatisation


Essay, 2004

10 Pages, Grade: 1


Excerpt

Contents

Introduction

Reasons for privatisation

Outline of the understanding of market forces argument for privatisation

The market forces argument for privatisation

Why this argument may break down if the industry is a natural monopoly

Economic issue of natural monopoly

Natural monopoly and the breakdown of market forces

Carefully assess the key economic issues which regulators of privatised industries should consider

Regulation of privatised industries

Price-cap regulation, rate-of-return regulation, and franchise bidding.

References

Web resourses

Privatisation and Regulation

Introduction

The economic trend of privatisation that started in Great Britain in the early 1980s has now spread to all of the European states (www.fiwi.uni-bonn.de).

Privatisation is characterised as a change in ownership and control of an enterprise from the public sector to private sector by share flotation or private sale.

In a broader sense, the definition includes the transfer of functions previously performed exclusively by the public sector to the private sector and all the other measures which aim to reduce the role of government in a national economy in order to strengthen free market economy (www.canaktan.org).

Reasons for privatisation

Nationalised industries are, in general, less efficient than private ones and tend to be bureaucratic due to the lack of control through competition and bankruptcy risk. Therefore, they normally do not use resources to their full capacity and provide goods and services to consumers at relatively high prices and of poor quality (Sloman 2003, p. 353).

In addition, increasing state borrowing became a serious economic problem in the 1980s, which is why governments tried to turn away from state ownership and subsidisation, in order to discharge public debt.

Outline of the understanding of market forces argument for privatisation

The market forces argument for privatisation

The basic element of privatisation is to expose managerial activities to open competition in order to increase efficiency, further a reduction in government interference and therefore allow greater freedom for flexible managerial decision making. There are two types of efficiency expected from privatisation; productive efficiency from lower costs, and allocative efficiency from lower prices reflecting lower costs (Johnson 1988, p. 4).

A competitive market creates corporate efficiency and social benefits, as firms are forced to produce at the lowest possible level of costs in order to provide goods and services at a price as favourable as possible. Privately owned companies have also a greater interest in producing goods and services in a quantity and variety which meet consumers’ demand; if they do not, they may suffer market failure or become liable to hostile takeover bids, since shareholders will sell their unprofitable shares (Sloman 2003, p. 353).

Moreover, there is the impact of competition on production and the level of output in a national economy. Firms are not prepared to work uneconomically and as they aim to produce what customers demand, their economic resources usage is more efficient and they flow to a higher valued use

(Beesley 1983, p. 4).

Privatisation, furthermore, leads to faster economic growth because of a higher rate of adjustment processes and technical innovations.

In fact, accelerated adjustments are necessary for companies to compete effectively, and these have to be financed through the market. Therefore, there is competition for finance, resulting in an efficient use of funds

(Sloman 2003, p. 353).

[...]

Excerpt out of 10 pages

Details

Title
Regulation and privatisation
College
University of Applied Sciences Kempten  (University of Ulster)
Grade
1
Author
Year
2004
Pages
10
Catalog Number
V48171
ISBN (eBook)
9783638449489
File size
1610 KB
Language
English
Tags
Regulation
Quote paper
Ulrike Messbacher (Author), 2004, Regulation and privatisation, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/48171

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