Inflection, derivation, compounding. Definition, explication and exercises


Presentation slides, 2013
11 Pages, Grade: 2

Excerpt

outline

-Which linguistics discipline do these terms belong to?
- Definition and explication: inflection
- Definition and explication: derivation
- Definition and explication: compounding
- Exercises

September 12, 2019

Inflection - Derivation - Compounding 2

Inflection – derivation – compounding

Branches of morphology

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Source: Gibbon, Dafydd (2007) Word Formation. University of Bielefeld [WWW document]

Inflection: Definitions

„[The] area of morphology concerned with changes in word shape (e.g. through affixation) that are determined by, or potentially affect, the grammatical context in which a word appears“ (Carstairs‐McCarthy 2006, 144)

Inflection: Definitions

- “Inflection is the name for the extra letter or letters added to nouns, verbs and adjectives in their different grammatical forms. Nouns are inflected in the plural, verbs are inflected
in the various tenses, and adjectives are inflected in the comparative/superlative.” (Shoebottom 2013)
inflection
- No change of word class by inflection
- No change of basic meaning of the word
- Inflectional affixation
- Process regulates grammatical functions
- Only a small number of inflectional affixes in English

(Minkova/Stockwell 2009, 73) e.g. ‐s, ‐ed,‐er, ‐ing, ‐est

Inflection: nouns

- Nouns: inflected for number, adding the affix –s, inflected for case
-possessive) –‘s
- cat => cats
- book => books
- tomato => tomatoes
- my mother‘s car
- our dog‘s bone

Inflection: verbs

Verbs: inflected for tense, adding –s, ‐ed, ‐ ing

3rd person singular

- do => does
- go => goes
- read => reads
-imple past/progressive
- visit => visited => visiting
- happen => happened => happening
- present => presented => presenting

[...]

Excerpt out of 11 pages

Details

Title
Inflection, derivation, compounding. Definition, explication and exercises
College
University of Salzburg  (Anglistik und Amerikanistik)
Course
Academic research linguistics
Grade
2
Author
Year
2013
Pages
11
Catalog Number
V496686
ISBN (eBook)
9783346015228
Language
English
Notes
Tags
word formation, derivatio, inflection, compounding, presentation, academic, research, academic research, linguistics, basic linguistics
Quote paper
Elisabeth Lyons (Author), 2013, Inflection, derivation, compounding. Definition, explication and exercises, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/496686

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