Cloud Computing Practices in the Private Sector of Afghanistan
Faculty of Computer Science
Said Jamaluddin Afghani University, Afg email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract - This paper gives a general overview of how cloud computing is implemented in the private sector of Afghanistan. The private sector is kept under the discussion to see which cloud technologies are used and how they are implemented, the types of cloud services (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS) are used the most by them and the date sored on the cloud.
We will also discuss the challenges and risks they face, the benefits and favors they receive from the cloud, the problems that the cloud technologies solve for them, the future of the cloud is discussed and the organization's future plans are looked at.
Finally, the cloud practices in the private sector of Afghanistan are summarized and a conclusion is provided.
Keywords-cloud computing, private sector, Afghanistan, cloud services.
The modern computer technologies are spreading faster in the world which has brought so much ease and automation in the human life, one of these technologies is cloud computing which has been a hot topic in the current era.
Cloud computing has been implemented in the public and private sectors of many countries like India where they have utilized different cloud technologies to enhance the automation and improve scalability, availability and efficiency.
Cloud computing became a striking reality for the government and private sectors in India when many of the companies and projects in these sectors migrated to cloud (VAGHELA, 2015). Likewise we have looked at the private sector of Afghanistan to see how they adopt the cloud technologies for their organizations and how they have automated their tasks.
This paper explores the cloud technologies used in the private organizations and the evolution which has been brought in the Afghan private industry through the cloud systems, it has covered the benefits, favors, challenges and risks of the cloud technologies in the Afghan private sector.
This will display the cloud computing practices, challenges and benefits inside the private sector of Afghanistan.
Scientist John McCarthy first introduced the idea of cloud computing in 1961:
“If computers of the kind I have advocated become the computers of the future, then computing may someday be
organized as a public utility just as the telephone system is a public utility. … The computer utility could become the basis of a new and important industry.”
According to National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), cloud computing is a model of enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network, access to shared pool of configurable computing resources e.g. networks, server, storage, application and services that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
(Darko SHULESKI, 2016)
Wipro Limited (Western India Products Limited) is a company of multiple nations providing IT consultants and system integration services which avails cloud computing assets and they are even offering the cloud services to their customers.
Wipro accepts that the cloud computing has been involved in changing the course of strategies of business in all the sectors and also agrees that a successful and good organizations need better businesses and IT movement, enhanced organizational agility and tuning of IT costs which is possible to be achieved through the cloud computing services.
They offer services like cloud advisory, infrastructure services of cloud, cloud application migration, public cloud computing applications, BPAAS (Business Processes as a Service), services related to cloud management, cloud security and cloud integration.
There are several other organizations who have been implementing the cloud services since the past few years are engaged with using almost all services of cloud which have given them plenty of advantages to enhance their business and achieve goals. (Vaghela, 2015)
Financial companies, like banks, insurance institutions and other financial service providers had a very cautious way initially towards the cloud services adoption which was mainly because of the risks of compliance and reputation that such new approach towards the IT services could entail.
Nowadays, the financial institutions have changed their mind and they have been rapidly rolling out their strategies of cloud computing services which have been seen because of the cloud adoption of other organizations and the benefits they have gained because of the cloud services.
Currently, it seems that very few of the financial organizations still have a very strict policy against the usage of cloud services and they are still hesitated of cloud usage but this number is very rare. (Rossen Naydenov, 2015)
Small and medium sized enterprises give the growth of economics in Europe. 21.6 million Small and medium sized enterprises employed 88.8 million employees and added 3.666 trillion in values in European Union 28 (EU28) in 2013.
The economic recession and financial crisis have hit the small and medium sized enterprises hard in the EU28 and the conditions of economics have remained difficult to handle.
(Dario Assantea, Manuel Castro, Ileana Hamburg, Sergio Martin 2016)
Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) always take part in each country's gross domestic product (GDP) and its labor market. Therefore the proposal of new strategies and development of new systems are not only good for small and medium sized enterprises but also for the economic situation as a whole. According to Tan et al. using appropriate information and communication technologies (ICTs) helps SMEs become more efficient and productive, however, SMEs do not have access to enough resources (e.g financial resources).
Cloud computing is an alternative way to applications and systems deployment on premises and it helps the small and medium sized enterprises overcome many problems and issues such as the high risk and cost that are involved in the IT projects.
(Shima Ramezani Tehrani and Farid Shirzai, 2014) 
This research study has been implemented in some private organizations like Netlinks Afghanistan, HSOFT Software Company , Kabul Camp, Azizi Bank…etc. for getting the source data for which we conducted some interviews and focused group discussions where some IT experts were invited and brought together and the subject topic was discussed. We first conducted separate interviews with each of the targeted organizations and then we selected some of the professionals for the focused group discussions.
These interviews were held separately in each organization with their IT and cloud experts who openly shared their views and thoughts and helped us collect the proper and decisive data which was then analyzed and a final conclusion was got from it.
I firstly conducted an interview in the Netlinks IT Company and the interview participants were Netlinks cloud experts, IT professionals and System administrators who responded to all our interview questions, then the second interview was held in HSOFT technologies where we interviewed their software experts and cloud computing professionals where they properly answered all our interview questions.
The third interview was conducted with Kabul Camp Software company's cloud experts and collected their views and thoughts.
The interview process continued with other private organizations like Azizi bank, Ravish Institute and VEKTI Company and all the source data was collected.
The interview process led to the focused group discussions and we invited some highly experienced professionals from Netlinks, HSOFT, Kabul Camp, Azizi Bank and VEKTI where we had 10 professionals and had a two hours discussion among all of them which helped me collecting the data regarding our research.
Table 1: Shows the companies and their professionals
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VI.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
After all the interviews, focused groups and discussions, we collected some useful data and analyzed it which I am presenting here.
A . Reasons behind the Cloud usage in the private sector of Afghanistan.
Most of the participants pointed that they use cloud for the ease of access to the data and systems from anywhere in the world and the efficiency the cloud has provided in the recent years; they also mentioned the strong backup and disaster recovery as the reasons behind the usage of the cloud computing in the private sector of Afghanistan.
Most of the participants were happy to use cloud services in their organizations because of the ease the cloud has brought into their processes and the access of the data. They pointed ease of access to the data, proper backup and recovery services, secure and stable infrastructure, the deployment and software development tools and online software systems as their favorite services the cloud has been providing.
- Quote paper
- Khalid Shinwari (Author), 2016, Cloud Computing Practices in the Private Sector of Afghanistan, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/503519