WIRED AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION: A REMEDY TO HUMAN COMMUNICATION PROBLEM
- EDIKAN NSEOBONG UKPONG
As long as people have wondered about the world, they have been intrigued by the mysteries of human nature. The most commonplace activities of our lives the things we take for granted can become quite puzzling when we try to understand them systematically. Communication is one of those everyday activities that are intertwined with all of human life so completely that we sometimes overlook its pervasiveness, importance, and complexity.
- Littlejohn, Stephen W. and Foss, Karen A. (2008)
Over time scholars have carried out series of researches on the concept of wired and wireless communications media. But, these previous researches were aimed at comparing and putting forward the differences between these media of communication, and to place relevance on one over the other. Be that as it may, this essay is not aimed at placing relevance on one among the duo, but with the use of analytical research method will evaluate wired and wireless media of communication as a remedy to humans communication problems. First, the essay will take a closer look at the concept of communication as it agrees with the thesis statement.
Second, it will bring to picture the problems faced by humans in the process of communications even before the era of technological revolution. Furthermore, the era of technological revolution as evidenced in the evolution of wired and wireless media of communication will be expounded.
Finally, the prominent roles played by wired and wireless media of communications as ameliorative devices to human communication problems will be spelled out in a manner most appropriate.
2. LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1. The Concept of Human Communications
The need for humans to communicate is natural. In what so ever form it may take: the intra-communication, inter-communication, body language, group communication and cross-cultural communication, communication enjoys prominence as the paramount essence of human interaction.
Move over, communication is almost like a survival tool. Whenever humans find themselves in danger, the need to communicate arises as they are compelled by circumstances to call for help. Beyond security, the need for identification requires communication a great deal because we learn about people through the process of sharing thoughts; meaning, feelings and this could be simply referred to as communication.
In this light, Loses (1999) presents a very compelling explanation of communication. He states that communication can only be said to take place if and only if, information moves from the input as one process to the output as the second process, the second process being the inverse of the first process. Here, the output being the feedback is the direct opposite of the input which is the message (or information).
Furthermore, considering the etymology of the word communication, coined from a Latin word communicare which when interpreted into the English language means to share or to make common, Alexander Gobe (1979) conceives of communication as the making common to two or many what was a monopoly of one or some’.
In addition to its etymology, Paul Watzlawick (1967) in one of his five axioms of communication states that ‘man cannot not communicate’. Hence, placing relevance on human communication as the live wire of human existence, be it the intra-communication, inter-communication, and others; everything that has life can communicate.
MacBride et al (1981) as cited by Ogwezzy, Abigail O. et al (2009), define communication not just as the exchange of news and messages but as an individual and collective activity embracing all transmissions and sharing of ideas, facts and data. So, communication may be looked at as a system or process. However, this definition does not highlight the feedback component and thus has not fully described the process of communication.
Furthermore, to fully describe the concept of communication, Ogwezzy cites Okunna (1999:6): Communication is a complex process. Because the communication process is an exchange or sharing of information or a message, it requires certain basic components. These include the source from whom the message originates; the medium through which the message is conveyed; the audience who receives the message; and the feedback which is the reaction of the receiver to the message.
2.2. Communication Problems Faced by Man.
Communication barriers can be harmful because misunderstandings often lead to frustration, anger and sometimes distance between relatives. But to communicate in a respectful and constructive way, peace is restored and able to build stronger relationships with each other. For example, when a mother apologizes to her children for having unrealistic academic expectations of them, the children may feel less tense and become more motivated to do their best. - English, Thea Theresa (2013)
In the quest of meeting the needs of communication, man ventured into finding ways through which he will pass information, express feelings, share meaning from him (being the source) to his immediate audience (known as the decoder or receiver). Gestures were the first medium of information that humans used in the pre-history age dated about 200,000years ago (Nyirburara, O. 2005:3). Other scholars have argued on the contrary that the early homos began the process of communication by way of making vocal noises 3.5 million years. As a result of these vocal noises what we now have as language gradually evolved as they mastered the usage of the vocal noises. As asserted by Hasan, S. (2013), man started to make effective use of his tongue and voice box to articulate speech about 35,000 to 40,000 years ago. As time passed on, language continued to develop and became more polished.
Be that as it may, the discovery of this communication media, though a huge innovation on its own further stimulated man to look for other media to perfect communication skills. There and then, the problem of humans transcended from how to communicate to how to pass information to people living across several miles as well as the effectiveness of such media. In fact, the problems faced by humans in the process of communicating verbally include the following: as asserted by the Conflict Research Consortium (2005) Culture affects both the substance and style of communication. Culture influences how people express themselves, to whom they talk, and how. For example, while some people may feel comfortable talking openly about their feelings with anyone, others will only talk openly and honestly with very close friends, while others may not talk that way at all. Such differences can cause people from different cultures to misinterpret both what is said and what is left unsaid, leading to misunderstandings.
With reference to Lane, R. (2013) Misunderstood Symbols, especially during the use of pictograph and symbols was one of the problems humans face in the course of communicating. According to "Communication Counts: Getting it Right in College and Life," cited by Lane, human communication can be defined as "negotiating symbolic meaning." This means that through verbal communication (language) and nonverbal communication (action and behavior), people use symbols with created meanings. This creates a barrier when the meanings assigned to a symbol don't match up between people communicating.
Indeed, time was also a counting challenge which humans face in communicating. Hasan, S. in 2013 expounded that the frequency of communication encounter affects the human relationship and the intensity of human relationship is affected by the amount of time that passes between theses encounter
Putting these three problems forward amidst numerous others, one can picture through this stand point the stress humans went through in this course. In order to solve these communication problems faced by man, a great deal of innovations has been initiated and this has lead to the invention of the wired medium of communication and later the wireless medium respectively to help cub the menace. To buttress this point, the next sub-session of this essay will evaluate the issues of wired and wireless communication media as remedy to mans communication problems.
2.3. Wired and Wireless Communication Media: Remedy to Humans Communication Problems.
2.3.1. Wired and Wireless Communication Media.
Cable television has been one of the innovations invented with the aim of assisting the effective transfer of messages from the source to the audience. In cable television, wires or cables run into each home and are connected to one or more television sets. These Cables which are connected to the cable network make it possible the activation of connections between terminals and also allow both audio and visual transmission to be received. This is an example of wired communication. In addition, wired communication is a broad term that is used to describe any type of communication process that relies on the direct use of cables and wiring to transmit audio and visual data. (wiseGEEK, 2013)
Contrary to the view held by a myriad of people on the issue, that the wired communication media have been out dated, it is pertinent to note that even the present day internet service providers use the modern wired communications links, for example, the internet access from one desktop system to the other to provide high speed internet solutions. Even the telephone service providers have also used the modern wired media to provide basic telephone services to residential homes and business customers.
- Quote paper
- Edikan Ukpong (Author), 2014, Wired and Wireless Communication. A Remedy to Human Communication Problem, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/508572