Abstract or Introduction
Some of the problems of real world phenomena can be described by differential equations involving the ordinary or partial derivatives with some initial or boundary conditions. To interpret the physical behavior of the problem it is necessary to know
the solution of the differential equation. Unfortunately, it is not possible to solve some of the differential equations whether they are ordinary or partial with initial or boundary conditions through the analytical methods. When, we fail to find the solution
of ordinary differential equation or partial differential equation with initial or boundary conditions through the analytical methods, one can obtain the numerical solution of such problems through the numerical methods up to the desired degree of
accuracy. Of course, these numerical methods can also be applied to find the numerical solution of a differential equation which can be solved analytically.
Several problems in natural sciences, social sciences, medicine, business management, engineering, particle dynamics, fluid mechanics, elasticity, heat transfer, chemistry, economics, anthropology and finance can be transformed into boundary value problems using mathematical modeling. A few problems in various fields of science and engineering yield linear and nonlinear boundary value problems of second order such as heat equation in thermal studies, wave equation in communication etc.
Fifth-order boundary value problems generally arise in mathematical modeling of viscoelastic flows. The dynamo action in some stars may be modeled by sixth-order boundary-value problems. The narrow convecting layers bounded by stable layers which are believed to surround A-type stars may be modeled by sixth-order boundary value problems which arise in astrophysics. The seventh order boundary value problems generally arise in modeling induction motors with two rotor circuits. Various phenomena such as convection, flow in wind tunnels, lee waves, eddies, etc. can also be modeled by higher order boundary value problems.
- Quote paper
- Dr. Parcha Kalyani (Author), 2014, Spline Solutions of Higher Order Boundary Value Problems, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/541611