Pirates, Conquistadores and Celestial Empire. A Historical Study on Sino-Iberian Relations in the Far East, Focusing on Chinese Pirates’ Influences (1557-1583)


Bachelor Thesis, 2020

46 Pages, Grade: A


Abstract or Introduction

The innovation of this dissertation is that 'Chinese pirates' and 'Sino-Iberian relations' are two elements that have been, to some extent neglected in previous studies, and their connection is studied in this dissertation.

History about Chinese pirates in the Ming Dynasty is often regarded as a part of domestic history in China. In past research, Chinese Pirates lacked a kind of international connection, while scholars paid more attention to the so-called 'Japanese pirates,' whose international elements have been widely recognized. Generally, the Sino-Portuguese and Sino-Spanish relations are studied separately. However, it is not conducive to understanding the Chinese attitude toward these two Catholic and Romance-languages-speaking nations from the same peninsula during the Ming Dynasty because they were collectively referred to as 'Fo Lang Ji' by the Ming Chinese. In this case, this term can be regarded as the Chinese counterpart to 'Iberians' in English during the Ming Dynasty. Hence, one nation's behaviour in the greater Iberian community would affect the Chinese attitude towards the other Iberian nation. This character is shown in the dissertation.

This dissertation's core question is: How did pirate groups led by Chinese heads influence the relations between the Iberian communities in the Far East and the Chinese Ming Dynasty from 1557 to 1583?

It divides into three minor questions according to the three stages of communication between the Chinese and Iberians: Firstly, what is the relation between 'piracy' defined by Ming central government and early Sino-Iberian military conflicts? Secondly, to enter China and stabilize its position in China, how would Iberians cooperate with the Chinese government by solving pirate-related problems? Finally, why Portuguese Macao and Spanish Manila had different results in diplomatic activities in China? Following the introductory chapter, each of the three chapters answers these minor questions step by step, and finally, demonstrates how Chinese pirates affect Sino-Iberian relations in the Far East.

Details

Title
Pirates, Conquistadores and Celestial Empire. A Historical Study on Sino-Iberian Relations in the Far East, Focusing on Chinese Pirates’ Influences (1557-1583)
College
University of Nottingham
Grade
A
Author
Year
2020
Pages
46
Catalog Number
V991976
ISBN (eBook)
9783346354396
ISBN (Book)
9783346354402
Language
English
Tags
China, Ming Dynasty, East Asia, Portuguese Empire, Spanish Empire, History of China, Pirates, Southeast Asia, Philippines, Macau, Japan, Iberian Peninsula
Quote paper
Enchen Lan (Author), 2020, Pirates, Conquistadores and Celestial Empire. A Historical Study on Sino-Iberian Relations in the Far East, Focusing on Chinese Pirates’ Influences (1557-1583), Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/991976

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Title: Pirates, Conquistadores and Celestial Empire. A Historical Study on Sino-Iberian Relations in the Far East, Focusing on Chinese Pirates’ Influences (1557-1583)



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