Research Paper (postgraduate), 2012
6 Pages, Grade: None
Abstract - Student, Especially those in developing countries, have inherited a legacy of discrimination and oppression which manifest in poverty, health issues, violence, limited access to basic needs, resources and employment. The challenges facing students in the areas of economic empowerment, access to land and access to science and technology are still a barrier to own development and it remains a challenge to level the playing fields. As Developing Nations seek to control limited resources toward the goal of achieving a developed status they must reevaluate past practices and explore available and affordable technologies. Where information and communication infrastructures are weak, use of low-cost, easily distributed technologies have proven effective. Still, many developing nations have failed to incorporate a resource in great abundance, to use these new technologies to greatest advantage. English is in India today a symbol of people’s aspiration for quality in education and a fuller participation in national and international life.It is fundamentally essential for Rural Students to learn English from a young age in this rapidly globalizing world. English knowledge will help to open many opportunities for them in the future and it will be invaluable in their future careers. However, teaching English to rural students is not an easy job, but it is also not difficult, if we already know how to do it. Many teaching positions involve teaching Rural Students - a unique experience that is both challenging and fun. The key to teaching English to Rural Students is to understand the principles of language acquisition and apply it in ways that keep Rural Students motivated to learn
Index Terms:- Students, Language, Foreign Language ,PURA, Rural Development.
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The increasing demand for English [1,2,3,5] – both as a language and as a medium driven by the instrumental motivation has compelled most governments at the state (provincial) level to introduce English as a language from class One.English has become a global language and teaching it as foreign or second language has increasingly become a universal demand. English has become a dominant language in business, finance and banking, science and technology, popular culture and international relations around the world. It is widely accepted that fluency in the English language is a key to success in life . Many textbooks have been designed for teaching English as a foreign language in many countries all over the world. English has emerged as the global language of trade and commerce in the past few decades, affecting many key aspects of business in the modern world. The English language first spread as the result of colonial expansion and has become the standard for all important official communications in an increasingly large number of countries with a wide variety of native languages. Therefore, it becomes the need of the hour to learn English irrespective of age difference, cultural difference etc. The need to learn English results in the need to teach English. Teaching is a creative and interesting activity for those who like to teach. However, it is not an easy task for those to teach students with different ability like- Hearing impairment, Visual impairment etc  A student's attitude toward learning the language is one of the leading predictors of success in learning English. Therefore, teachers and educators should take motivation and attitude factors into consideration when designing English language training and instruction .
In India, The 26 crore people lived below the poverty line and emphasized that the nation has to lift them up. The rapid changes in the world and make their individuals equip with the qualifications arise from this new environment requirements, access, produce and use information will be able to be influential and successful in the 21st century . Today GDP growth rate is about 6%, it has to be lifted up to 10% and be sustained for several years. The PURA (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas) plan had been conceived with this aim in mind. The Government has taken up this ambitious programmed to implemented, throughout the country. With the PURA programmed aiming at integrated development of six lakh villages in the country by 2020 through 50,000 development centers, the government has identified 5000 villages for such integrated development in the next five years. In the past, development of rural sector has not been to the expectations despite this sector receiving due importance. The experience shows that the initiatives were fragmented or overlapping or else they started well but over the time, their thrust weakened or vanished in thin air. It is for the first time that PURA programmed envisages integrated development with focus on employment generation, driven by strengthening of habitat, health care, education, skill development, physical and electronic connectivity and marketing and, thus, leading to sustainable development. In the past, development of rural sector has not been to the expectations despite this sector receiving due importance. The initiatives were fragmented or overlapping or else they started well but over the time, their thrust weakened or vanished in thin air. It is for the first time that PURA programmed envisages integrated development with focus on employment generation, driven by strengthening of habitat, health care, education, skill development, physical and electronic connectivity and marketing and, thus, leading to sustainable development. Operations Evaluation Department (OED). The Operations Evaluation Department (OED) is an independent unit within the World Bank; it reports directly to the Banks Board of Executive Directors. Through excellence and independence in evaluation, OED has enhanced development in rural areas effectively. OED assesses what works, and what does not; how a borrower plans to run and maintain a project; and the lasting contribution of the Bank to a country's overall development. The goals of evaluation are to learn from experience, to provide an objective basis for assessing the results of the Banks work, and to provide accountability in the achievement of its objectives. Language as a means of communication plays very important role in social relationship among human beings. The English Language is the first foreign language we teach to children at very early stages of schooling. The primary aim of teaching English in the early years of schooling is to motivate young learners to be ready and have self confident in learning English at higher levels of education. Some children are born to parents who polyglots, so they have to acquire two or three different languages. Some others learn second or third language because they are to immigrate to a new country. Nowadays language learning is essential to needed for children who want to immigrate to other countries to follow the educational systems and to become useful members or citizens of those countries.
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