Influence of Headteachers on Teachers' Motivation. Effects on Academic Achievements of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Busia West Sub-County


Academic Paper, 2017

17 Pages, Grade: 14


Excerpt

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praise their teachers once they did well and also delegate responsibilities to their teachers to
boost their self confidence among others. The study will also go a long way in helping the
Ministry of Education in formulating policies that embrace the positive effects of Head
teachers influence on staff morale of public primary school teachers and its influence on
academic performance in K.C.P.E in Busia West public primary schools.

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Table of Contents
ABSTRACT ... 1
Background to the Study ... 4
Background to the Study ... 4
Table 1: The table below indicates the KCPE examination results analysis for private ... 4
Table 2: KCPE Examination Results Analysis for Public Primary Schools for the same ... 5
Problem Statement ... 5
The Purpose of the Study ... 6
Research Questions ... 6
Research Methodology ... 7
Target Population ... 8
Sample Size and Sampling Procedures ... 8
Research Instruments ... 9
Validity and Reliability of Instruments. ... 9
Background information of teachers and head teachers ... 14
Ways in which Head teachers influence Staff Morale of Teachers. ... 15
Head teachers reward to their Teachers. ... 15
Conclusions ... 16
Recommendations ... 16
REFERENCES ... 17

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Background to the Study
Attending Primary school in Africa is becoming the norm, but the quality of education
remains a challenge. Most primary schools in Africa have achieved universal primary
enrolment. As a result, the continent as a whole is expected to achieve universal primary
education. Low completion and low grade academic achievements however, remains a
challenge. The reasons include poor quality of education and a lack of awareness of the
importance of schools with a motivated teaching staff. Ngaroga, (2006) avers that it is
irrational to expect good academic achievements in an educational environment where
teachers lack educational passion for work because of demotivation.
In Kenya, public primary schools situated in urban centers are far much better than those
established in villages in terms of academic achievement in Kenya Certificate of Primary
Education examinations. They do as well as the private schools situated even in villages. This
is because of the pertinent and effective curriculum approach and delivery exercise prompted
by head teachers influence on staff morale in the schools. Rosalind (2000) noted that the more
the heads of the institutions are able to provide what the teachers want, the more they should
expect what they really want, namely; productivity, quality and service.
In Busia West Sub-County learners in private schools do so well to attain good academic
grades in KCPE examinations as those who are in public primary schools in other sub-
counties of Bomet County where there is positive head teachers influence on staff morale
programmes for teachers based on learners academic achievements in KCPE examinations
results (Busia KCPE Results analysis pamphlets 2012-2015).
Table 1: The table below indicates the KCPE examination results analysis for private
schools from 2012 ­ 2015 in Busia West Sub-County.
Year
Mean scores
2012
370.49
2013
382.31
2014
378.98
2015
381.14
(Busia County Education Office, 2016)

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The mean scores shown above are seen against five KCPE examination subjects each marked
out of 100% for complete attainment giving a total of 500 marks when added up. This
indicates very impressive academic achievements in KCPE examination results for nearly all
KCPE candidates in these schools over the years. Andrews (2011) posits that there is value in
providing recognition and award programmes for excellent teachers as evidenced by the
KCPE examination results shown above.
However, in many public primary schools in Busia West Sub-County, the learners' academic
achievements are below the 250 marks, which is the average mark out of the possible 500
marks.
Table 2: KCPE Examination Results Analysis for Public Primary Schools for the same
period 2012 -2015 in Busia West Sub-County
Year
Means core
2012
199.82
2013
202.91
2014
210.56
2015
208.43
The mean scores are seen against five KCPE examinable subjects each marked out of 100%
for complete attainments making a total of 500 marks when added up. The mean scores
indicates that most of the KCPE examination candidates in Busia West Sub-County scored
below 200 marks, others scored 200 marks and others scored a little bit above 200 marks.
This translates as low transition from public primary schools to secondary schools. Lack of
motivation to teachers by the head teacher could perhaps be the cause of these poor academic
achievements in KCPE examinations in Busia West Sub-County.
Problem Statement
Primary education is very important because it is the foundation for any future education
programme (Mc Collum, 2001). Teachers in public primary schools need to be motivated in
order to carry out their teaching task with enthusiasm and willingness (Hanushek, 2002). This

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is evidenced by the KCPE examination results posted by many public primary schools versus
the private schools. A motivated teacher focuses more on his or her work and guarantees
quality delivery of lessons to learners. However, there are inadequate educational motivation
programmes in public primary schools in Busia West Sub-County which are geared towards
encouraging the teachers to have enthusiasm for effective curriculum approach and delivery
exercise. Public primary schools in Busia West Sub-County happen to be among those with
very poor KCPE exams' results every year.
Dell (2004) notes the following about motivating employees, "the heart of motivation is to
give people what they really want most from work. The more you are able to provide what
they want, the more you should expect what you really want, namely: productivity, quality
and service
Studies have been done in other areas to establish the correlation between the head teachers
influence on staff morale of teachers in schools and learners academic achievements.
However, there is dearth of such studies in Busia West Sub-County public primary schools.
The Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of head teachers influence on staff
morale of teachers on pupils' academic achievements in public primary schools in Busia West
Sub-County
Objectives of the Study
The study had the following two objectives
1. To identify various ways in which Head teachers motivate teachers in public
primary schools in Busia West Sub-County
2. To establish if head teachers reward their teachers and its effects on pupils
academic achievement in public primary schools in Busia West Sub-County
Research Questions
This study had the following Research Questions
1. In what ways do head teachers motivate their teachers in public primary schools in Busia
West Sub-County?
Excerpt out of 17 pages

Details

Title
Influence of Headteachers on Teachers' Motivation. Effects on Academic Achievements of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Busia West Sub-County
College
University of Kabianga
Grade
14
Authors
Year
2017
Pages
17
Catalog Number
V374530
ISBN (eBook)
9783668536081
ISBN (Book)
9783668536098
File size
567 KB
Language
English
Tags
influence, headteachers, teachers, motivation, effects, academic, achievements, pupils, public, primary, schools, busia, west, sub-county
Quote paper
Dr. Joshua Gichaba Manduku (Author)Edwin Maritim (Author)Hellen Kesui (Author)Stephen Kisang Kirui (Author), 2017, Influence of Headteachers on Teachers' Motivation. Effects on Academic Achievements of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Busia West Sub-County, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/374530

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