The impact of limiting Seventh Day Adventist church education assistance to four children on education of other children of church employees

Education assistance for an Adventist employees' children


Bachelor Thesis, 2014
57 Pages, Grade: 1

Excerpt

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

DEDICACE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF ABREVIATIONS AND ACCRONYMS

CHAPITER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Research question
Objectives of the study
Specific objectives
Hypothesis of the study
Significance of the study
Justification of the study
Conceptual framework
Delimitation of the study
Definition of terms

CHAPITER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
Christian education
SDA Education assistance
Limitation of education assistance
Challenges of people lacking means to afford education
Dropout rate
Deviation from Christian education and education of quality
Lack of interest to the church

CHAPITER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Research design
Description of research area (ECRF)
The population
Sampling techniques
Map of ECRF Employees
Research Instruments
Pilot study
Data collection procedure
Statistical data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
PRESENTATION OF FINDINGS, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
Identification information
Factors that determine SDA Church education assistance
Impact of the limitation of SDA church education assistance to four children has on the education of
other children above four
Pearson correlation between the determinant SDA Church education assistance to four children on the
education of the other children above four

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary of findings
Conclusion
Recommendations

Bibliography

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Interpretation scale

Table 2: Evaluation of mean

Table 3: Evaluation of standard deviation

Table 4: Evaluation of correlation

Table 5: Description of Respondents by identification information (n=27)

Table 6: Perception of respondent’s responses on tuition fees

Table 7: Perception of respondent’s responses on dropout rate in school

Table 8: Perception of respondent’s responses on deviation from Christian education...38 Table 9: Perception of respondent’s responses on lack of interest to the church..40 Table 10: Summary of Pearson correlation..

LIST OF ABREVIATIONS AND ACCRONYMS

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

ABSTRACT

The Adventist education has the vision of giving Christ centered education through developing physical, mental and spiritual aspects. All SDA church employees’ children had privileges to afford such education because of education assistance granted to them. After doing long literature review on factors that may affect physical, mental and spiritual growth among young people, the researcher realized that missing the means to afford Christian education and education at all hinders significantly those aspects of life. Therefore, this made him conduct the research using both qualitative and quantitative methods in collecting data about the impact the decision of ECRF since 2012 of limiting the education assistance to four children has on education of other children among the family of church employee. He distributed questionnaires among 27 employees and interviewed 3 officers and 6 children that affected by that policy before they accomplish A level.

The statistical result proves the considerable impact of limiting the education assistance to four children, on education of other children. The lack of interest to the church, gaining deviated education and drop out of schools are likely definition of the impact. Therefore, it seems that the parents and the SDA church should put in consideration the education of those children as well to prepare more future members and leaders for the church. Besides this, possibly those parents whose children are out of eligible conditions should find other way to advance their children’s Christian education even though the SDA church education assistance might be inadequate or missing.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Thanks to the Lord for His everlasting Love which made Him save all humanity including me by His grace. The efforts of Mother NTABUDAKEBA Zilipa, who after departure of Father, struggled bravely to make me rise up and attend school, are highly recognized.

In addition, appreciation granted to lecturers at AUCA for the service they provided me in my studies especially the supervisor of this work, Mr. HATEGEKIMANA Charles who exerted his hard working in this research work rapidly, cleverly and sensibly.

Thanks to the current President of ECRF Pr NDWANIYE Isaac who personally and administratively contributed so much to advance my studies. The same thanks are to all officers of ECRF and employees who contributed in responding questionnaires of this research and interview.

At last yet importantly, I address special thanks to my lovely wife UWAMAHORO Jeannette and our offspring who made me worth and feel the mercies of God through them. Brothers and Sisters, colleagues and friends are also recognized.

My wishes are that your names remain in the Holy Book in the Heaven.

HABANABAKIZE Schadrack

DEDICACE

This research is dedicated to:

Our lovely and brave Mother,

My lovely wife,

Our lovely offspring,

Our brothers and sisters,

CHAPITER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Education has been viewed as invaluable tool to develop abilities of offspring for long- term and enable them to serve themselves and serve their society in the future. Therefore, there are corporations and institutions that give tuition allowances to their employees in order to make them attain their apogee that enables him to serve better. To enlarge the reservoir of future church employees and lay church leaders, the SDA Church also used to grant education assistance to its employees and all employees’ children. Since 2012, the SDA church made the decision of limiting education assistance to four children of employees and this is reason why the researcher thought and researched on the education of remaining children in this perspective.

Background of the study

The Seventh’s Day Adventists are doctrinally heirs of the Millerite Movement of the 1840’s, and that the name SEVENTH DAY ADVENTIST was chosen in 1860. SDA Church has 220, 760 employees and 17,272 ordained Ministers (Yearbook, 2012).

Employees are encouraged to support the Church's philosophy of Christian education by enrolling their children in Seventh-day Adventist schools. This is for the purpose of assisting youth in making a decision for a commitment to Christ thus perpetuating the practice of Seventh- Day Adventist beliefs and teachings, enlarging the reservoir of future employees and lay church leaders. Furthermore, in providing a positive example, and reducing the possibility that the children adopt a lifestyle that is not in harmony with the teaching of the Church (Columbia SDA Conference, 2013).

According to the SDA Church policy, a full time employee had to receive scholarship for all of his dependent children attending schools. That education assistance is given up to 70 percent of the basic tuition. Even though this SDA church education assistance to employee’s children used to contribute in advancing education of those children, treasurer’s office confirmed that the number of employees increased and the education assistance to children attending schools attempted to surpass the ability of the SDA Church. Hence, this made East Central Africa Division recommend the limiting of education assistance to four children of full time employee since 2012. (ECRF Treasurer, 2014)

Nevertheless, giving birth to many children has been customary for long time to many African countries including Rwanda. Rwanda's population has quadrupled in the past 50 years; the country has one of the world's highest birth rates (BBC NEWS, 2007). Therefore, taking care of children normally becomes burden to almost of those parents. In this perspective, limiting education assistance to four children seems to have an impact on whole family of church employees whose number of children is big even though it is still necessary for ECRF to do so maintain gospel work going on. This ECRF as an SDA Church organization working under supervision of RUM and ECD adopted the ECD working policy of limitation of education assistance to four children as stated below:

The church will grant education assistance only to four children maximum under eligible age of regular full time denominational employees who are enrolled in Seventh - day Adventist school on the primary, secondary, or tertiary level, or professional school on tertiary level. If a worker has more than four children, the church will support four and the worker himself will support others (ECRF075, 2011).

Statement of the problem

Apart from financial issues that may hinder education of children, the fact that makes child fall out of eligible conditions for gaining education, brings some self-centered problems such as complexes, superstition, significance deficiency of memory and psychological greed. Education is a fundamental human right as a catalyst for economic growth and human development (Okidi, 2004). Researches prove that above-mentioned factors are root cause of failure in education that result low education compliance.

The SDA church employee’s children above four in family are the case of study. The lack of interest to the church cause of missing ordinal church support, gaining deviated education and dropping out of schools are major targets of this thesis of research to measure and exposure as depending on the limiting education assistance to four children. An American writer stated that as a stream always partakes of the property of the soil through which it runs, so the principles and habits of youth invariably become tinctured with the character of the company in which they mingle (White, 1977).

Many inspired writers recommended Christian education especially Adventist education to children in school age so that they rise up in harmony with the church. We are not all organized alike, and many have not been educated aright. Their education has been deficient. Some have had a quick temper transmitted to them, and their education in childhood has not taught them self-control. With this fiery temper, envy and jealousy are frequently united. Others are faulty in other respects. Some are dishonest in deal, overreaching in trade. Others are arbitrary in their families, loving to rule. Their lives are far from being correct. Their education was all wrong. Others, whose education has not been so faulty, who have had better training, have developed a much less objectionable character. The Christian life of all is very much affected for good or for evil by their previous education. (White, 1893)

However, SDA church employees are convicted to educate all of their children in Adventist schools except that the limiting education assistance to only four children of employees makes the conviction unaffordable. Since then, criticism on this vote of limiting SDA church education assistance to four and the multiple of rumors of SDA church employees made the researcher work on children whose SDA church education assistance is cut off. It in common understands that inequity, discrimination, and lack of or limiting access to education opportunities for a small group of people or of individuals, undermines the open society in general. The situation of children above four in church employee’s family, is limiting access to education opportunities usually shared by others and begin other way to afford education.

Research question

a. What is the perception of respondents to SDA church education assistance in employees of ECRF?

b. What is the perception of respondents to the limitation of SDA church education assistance to four children?

c. Is there an impact of limiting education assistance to four children on the education of other children?

Objectives of the study

This study aims to reveal the impact of limiting SDA church education assistance to four children on the education of children exceeding four in families of ECRF employees after this policy.

Specific objectives

1. To establish and evaluate the impact of limiting SDA education assistance to four children on education of their siblings in family of the employees of ECRF

2. To give recommendations on the policy of limiting SDA Church education assistance to four children, regarding the education of other children.

Hypothesis of the study

Null hypothesis

H0: There is no impact of limiting SDA church education assistance to four children on the education of other children.

Alternative hypothesis

H1: There is an impact of limiting education assistance to four children on the education of other children.

Significance of the study

This research will benefit the institution under studies ECRF, the researcher, government, parents, and the children under this study even so the other researchers. This research makes the researcher fulfill the requirements to obtain his bachelor degree in educational psychology. Second, the recommendations in this research inspire the employees of the SDA Church in general to adopt the feasible family planning method to avoid producing children difficult to educate and to rise for Christ. For those whose children have born already, the researcher addressed to them counsels to follow helping those children. Ellen G White stated that while there are the weight responsibilities devolving upon the parents to guard carefully the future happiness and interest to their children, it is also their duty to make home as attractive as possible (White, 1952).

The ECRF benefits from this research because of the professional and effective counsels the researcher proposes for the parents to help these children above four in order to contract the lack of interest to the church that could build up the limitation of education assistance. Instead of that, these children would develop the charity and the love of the church in favor of parents inspired by this researcher’s counsels. “Parental involvement in the form of 'at-home good parenting' has a significant positive effect on children's achievement and adjustment even after all other factors shaping attainment have been taken out of the equation.” (Desforges, 2003)

Over and above, in all societies and in any environment, all people in any sort of ineligible conditions need special care and consideration. This study gives to parents, strategies to interact with them in daily life in order that they do not afford education hopelessly and develop bad spirit of lacking interest to the church. “Parents have become so convinced that educators know what is best for their children that they forget that they themselves are really the experts.” (Edelman, 2001)

To conclude, the researcher invites parents whose children exceeding four to be more responsible for his children’s Christian education. In addition to this, he suggests in chapter five that ECRF also think again on children already born before setting the policy of suppressing the education assistance for children exceeding four should continue gaining SDA Church education assistance until they accomplish their studies. These two components would largely contribute to the pinning down the dropout rate, gaining deviated education and lacking interest to the church for those children.

Justification of the study

The need of supporting the church’s philosophy of Christian education by enrolling children in Seventh Day Adventist schools pushed the researcher to reveal the hindrances that the limiting SDA church education assistance to four children will bring.

Thus, the abundant of families with multitude children and scarce resources among employees comparing to their salaries shows doubtlessly that children exceeding four are at high risk of missing Christian education through dropping out, enrolling in other schools and lacking of interest to the church.

Conceptual framework

The conceptual framework expresses the rationale behind the study. Figure 1 indicates the determinants of limiting SDA Church education to four children that is tuition fees on education of other children above four that is shown by dropout rate, deviation to Christian education and education of quality and lack of interest to the church.

Figure 1: Conceptual Framework

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

Delimitation of the study

This research has respectively put in case of study the families of employees whose children exceed the number that the policy defines. Employees in ECRF with children that exceed four have bravery contributed to this research by viewing questionnaires and participating to interviews that revealed information the researcher needed to prove.

The researcher had an opinion of conducting this research in whole ECD among SDA church employees whose children surpass four but constraints of time and space did not allow him. Therefore, he conducted this research in ECRF since 2012 up to now.

Definition of terms

Seventh-day Adventist Church doctrinally heirs of the Millerite Movement of the 1840. Its mission is to communicate to all peoples the everlasting gospel of God’s love in the context of the three angels’ message of Revelation 14:6-12 (SDA, 2008-2009)

Children: Refers to an unmarried dependent child, less than 24 years of age unless time has been spent in compulsory military service, volunteer service for the Church, or there has been a documented medical consideration. Born to or legally adopted by the church employee and attending a denominational school (Conference C. U., 2009)

Employee is a person who works in the service of another person under an express or implied contract of hire, under which the employer has the right to control the details of work performance (Black, 2009). Therefore, in this context it refers to the full time employee of SDA Church working under indeterminate contract.

Dependents refer to the employee’s immediate husband, wife, and unmarried dependent children formally recognized by the church. (Adopted children are included in dependent children in same condition as other children) (SDA, 2008-2009)

Education/ tuition assistance in this study refers to assistance SDA church guarantees to children of regular denominational employees who are enrolled in Seventh-day Adventist schools on the elementary, secondary, or tertiary levels, or professional schools on the tertiary level (SDA, 2008-2009).

CHAPITER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

In this part, the researcher describes and explains the concepts, models and theories that are relevant to education of children and necessary to facilitate a comprehensive analysis and understanding of the research question. Education of children, especially issues of dropout or low completion rates have been a subject of interest to academics, researchers, and policy makers for a long time. To show that the education of those children is an interesting and good research to conduct, the researcher refers himself to the statements of other researchers especially those that fit to the educational purpose.

Christian education

Employees are encouraged to support the Church's philosophy of Christian education by enrolling their children in Seventh-day Adventist schools. This is for the purpose of assisting youth in making a decision for a commitment to Christ. Thus perpetuating the practice of Seventh-day Adventist beliefs and teachings, enlarging the reservoir of future church employees and lay church leaders, providing a positive example, and reducing the possibility that the children adopt a lifestyle that is not in harmony with the teaching of the Church ( Columbia Conference, 2009)

Ellen White said, that the youth must be taught to think and to act from conscientious principles (White, 1893) and that it is essential that the students in our school obtain an education that they can take with them wherever they go, a knowledge that they can use to the glory of God. True higher education gives power, and the students who receive this education are to consecrate all to God, using their knowledge to search the Scriptures, for this is wisdom that will give an influence in His work that nothing else can give. Ignorance is a crime when light and knowledge can be obtained. Sanctified knowledge will give much joy to believers and much light to those who are in the darkness of error. The education of every student should be turned to the best account in doing the work of the Lord intelligently. To every man the Lord has given his work, according to his several ability. (White, 1990)

At the General Conference of SDA Church in 1901, in an article entitled, Instruction Regarding the School Work, read before the delegates in April 22, Sister White read: (G.C.B. 455-1901) that they were thankful that an interest was being shown in the work of establishing Adventist schools on a right foundation, as they should have been established years ago. If the proper education is given to students, it is a positive necessity to establish our schools at a distance from the cities, where the students can do manual work Although there would be a few students at first, do not be discouraged. (White, 1901) White recommends Christian education regarding on the everlasting harvest students may gain through attending those schools.

As a stream always partakes of the property of the soil through which it runs, so the principles and habits of youth invariably become tinctured with the character of the company in which they mingle. (White, 1977)

For Ellen White enrolling children in SDA schools provides skills required for children to become whole persons. Those schools have mission of promoting and developing children mentally, physically, spiritually and socially and strengthen them for better service.

The political economy of education

In fact, there is a universal viewpoint on the right of children regarding welfare and education. The UN general assembly established ten principles about rights of children including unconditional gaining free education. (General Assembly, 1989)

The first principle sound that the child shall enjoy all the rights set forth in that Declaration. Every child, without any exception whatsoever, shall be entitled to these rights, without distinction or discrimination on account of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, whether of himself or of his family.

The second principle also states that the child shall enjoy special protection, and shall be given opportunities and facilities, by law and by other means, to enable him to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity. In the enactment of laws for this purpose, the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration.

To notice that being in ineligible conditions brings social frustration, the fifth principle sounds that the child who is physically, mentally or socially handicapped shall be given the special education and care required by his particular condition. This means that even those children in ineligible condition to benefit SDA church education assistance may have other way to help them access education.

In addition to this, on the larger the family is we do not blame children so that they must be victim of that.

[...]

Excerpt out of 57 pages

Details

Title
The impact of limiting Seventh Day Adventist church education assistance to four children on education of other children of church employees
Subtitle
Education assistance for an Adventist employees' children
Course
Educational Psychology
Grade
1
Author
Year
2014
Pages
57
Catalog Number
V421200
ISBN (eBook)
9783668689664
ISBN (Book)
9783668689671
File size
748 KB
Language
English
Tags
Habanabakize Schadrack, Adventist education, Adventist schools, Employee's children, education allowances, Rwanda Union Mission, East Central Africa Division, Adventist University of Central Africa, Four children for Adventist employee
Quote paper
Habanabakize Schadrack (Author), 2014, The impact of limiting Seventh Day Adventist church education assistance to four children on education of other children of church employees, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/421200

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