Parental Factors and Perspectives of Engineering Students towards Entrepreneurship


Research Paper (postgraduate), 2020

16 Pages, Grade: A


Excerpt

Abstract : India experiences big difficulties with its high degrees of joblessness among the youth particularly college graduates as a result of the absence of work experience, decreased capabilities base, as well as higher education. The main problem handled in our financial scenario is the rate, the price is high in India contrasted to all different other nations, most of the grads are currently out of work otherwise working in a company which not attached to their core. The emphasis of the research hops on just how the mindset differs from a single person to an added on the appeal of entrepreneurship as work as well as to study the partnership between the business point of view along with the business opportunities-entrepreneurial atmosphere. The researcher applied descriptive research design and the population of the study is engineering college students studying in engineering colleges affiliated to Anna University. List of colleges offering Engineering Programme in Coimbatore district affiliated to Anna University was obtained from the Anna University website. The sample design adopted for the study is systematic random sampling with a total sample size of 400.The findings of the study reveals that factors towards entrepreneurship significantly influence the overall parental factors attitudes towards entrepreneurship.

Key Words: Entrepreneurial opportunities, Entrepreneurial attitudes, Entrepreneurial environment, Parental factors, Parents occupation and guidance, Business support from parents

I - Introduction

Entrepreneurship plays an important role in economic prosperity and social stability in lots of established nations. India faces enormous difficulties with its high degrees of joblessness amongst the youth particularly college graduates due to lack of job experience, low abilities base and education.( Modi, 2017) The Prime Minister interacted with Youthful Business owners at the "Champions of Change" effort organized by NITI Aayog at Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra, where 6 teams of Youthful Entrepreneurs made discussions prior to the PM on themes such as - Soft Power: Amazing India 2.0; Education And Learning and also Ability Advancement; Wellness and Nourishment; Invigorating a sustainable tomorrow; and Digital India; Today entrepreneurship is supplied in the majority of the universities as part of the curriculum yet it is evident that degrees of entrepreneurship are still not enhancing in the nation( Herrington et al., 2009), The Government currently likewise requires to play their component in motivating this development as well as provide chances for not simply education routed in the direction of structure business abilities however also passing positive plans/policies to enhance the business ecosystem in the nation. (Chowdhry, 2015).

II - Problem Statement

The primary trouble faced in our economy is Unemployment price, the price of unemployment is high in India compared to all other countries, most of the grads are now unemployed or else working in a business which not connected to their core This is mostly due to the fact that to the lack of understanding of the perspectives and understandings among the youth towards entrepreneurship, no coincidence that lots of universities are located in Tamilnadu, and also they have knowledgeable labors in a number of big sectors, The main problem is no recognition and extremely less understanding regarding the joblessness. Comprehending the factors that predict a business perspective is crucial due to the fact that entrepreneurial behavior is a result of the positive perspective formation and also the purpose. Those are self-discipline, steadfast, and also consistent, they are able to devote and recommit promptly, and they are not frightened by challenges (Timmons & Spinelli, 2015). One of the crucial findings of the Worldwide Entrepreneurship Monitor Report of 2015 is exactly how perspectives differ from one individual to an additional the appearance of entrepreneurship as a job. The understanding of these attitudes can be critical in helping the policy instructions as well as in motivating entrepreneurship within the country (Bosma & Levie, 2009).

III - Objectives

The objectives of the research are as follows:

- To understand the demographic profile of engineering college students
- To study and analysis of parents occupation and business guidance from engineering students parents.
- To study the relationship between parental factors and entrepreneurial opportunities.
- To understand the relationship and behaviour between parental factors and entrepreneurial environment within the engineering institution

IV - Literature review

Daim et al., (2016 ), this research makes substantial payments to the understanding of entrepreneurial perceptions among students. Among the vital toughness of this research is that it is based upon a wide variety of information for pupils from 10 various countries. This paper discovers the variables influencing business behavior in order to recognize new instructional opportunities for its development, differences were discovered in between genders and countries on their perceptions of worth as well as expediency in the direction of business habits. One drawback of this research study could be the varying sample sizes from different nations. Extra well balanced example size from taken a look at nations would lead to more significant results.

Zhou (2012) The objective of the research study is that the entrepreneurship study of china is not much developed and they are in average common, their survey states that the majority of the college student pursue various other countries for the task as well as just a few of the trainees try to work in their country, the entrepreneurship education and learning can be established by taking disputes, study to the peoples, training to the educators, giving incentives to the teacher that focus on entrepreneurship education and likewise provide a fund to entrepreneurship education and learnings.

Muñoz-Bullón (2016) The main aim of the research is revealing the development of entrepreneurship over some decades and it is extremely interdisciplinary and heterogeneous as well as their institutions have actually arisen to provide even more technology and the entrepreneurship has arisen in a different location like universities, scientific research parks, incubators, commercial labs, and also college innovation transfer offices and also they likewise business agents, such as market and also scholastic researchers or business owners in firms or college.

Zaman (2013 )This study adhered to the emotional attributes school of believed to research six entrepreneurial characteristics connected with entrepreneurship. The results of the t-test revealed that entrepreneurially inclined students are a lot more cutting-edge, prepared to take threats, very inspired, more self-assured, with the high inner locus of control but with regards to tolerance of ambiguity, there is no distinction in between inclined and also non-inclined students. The function of the research is to establish a nationwide degree point of view on business education to motivate colleges to use entrepreneurial training courses and also as major topics also.

Gibus el al. (2012) China's entrepreneurship education and learning is still in the early stage, as well as China lags behind the ordinary criterion of International Entrepreneurship Screen (TREASURE) in entrepreneurship education and learning. China today is not completely manipulating its business possibility, as well as improving this will certainly help the nation in additional changing its economic climate as well as attaining future economic as well as competitive toughness. Entrepreneurship education and learning in China will certainly benefit greatly from the combination of a more clear and more comprehensive significance of the principle, an informative and also visionary tactical structure at the national degree, an integrated educational program throughout the self-controls, an increased training program for the faculty, a closer web link in between the academy and also the industry, and a sound plan to tape the procedure and review the influence of entrepreneurship education and learning often.

Rengiah (2013) The conclusion and also findings of this research study has talked about the three research objectives developed for the research study in the context of the Malaysian colleges. The findings contribute to several of the concepts connected to both the mediating variables mindset towards objectives, family functions as well as business objectives. The functions of policymakers such as the universities, the federal government, SMEs, banks, moms, and dads as well as extended relative ‟ contributions towards business objectives have been reviewed.

Thurik (2004) Government policy in the managed economy was mostly about control. Europe is bogged down in a stagnant economic growth as well as structurally high unemployment. Entrepreneurship is a critical aspect for accomplishing political objectives evaluated the European Council Satisfying at Lisbon.

Komulainen et al. (2014) The objective of the research is about in-service teachers involved with a discourse of external and also Interior entrepreneurship and also to produce relevant incorporations and exclusions and apply or test the objective pf business education and learning and also business people. The outcome of the research where the trainee encouraged towards interior entrepreneurship i.e. an enterprising mindset with attributes of self-responsibility, mindful and persistence as well as freedom.

Kuttim et al. (2014) this research discloses that the students in the efficiency-driven nations have a lot more possible entrepreneurship intents than the trainees in innovation-driven countries. They have a strong partnership with business activities. This study revealed the greater potential entrepreneurs remain in the efficiency-driven nations.

Basu (1999) This short article has to do with some of the successful business owners in India. This short article likewise provides suggestions categorically to the government, to the financial institutions as well as various other banks and also to the entrepreneurs. The support as well as the development of entrepreneurship culture ought to come to be the core part of our education system, to make sure that the boys, as well as women, can come to be "task providers" and not " task hunters. " The government should supply reliable and also reliable consultancy solutions to the business owners. Application treatments, as well as authorization criteria, need to be made basic as well as fast lending approvals must be done at the branch level at the banks. Financial services should be offered close to business owners. Banks require to re-think concerning their loan providing policies to the entrepreneurs. The entrepreneurs ought to create a proper industrial plan prior to beginning a unit. Low levels of education and learning must not hinder one to start an industrial venture. Passions encourage guys. It activates men, expands their vision as well as make the life extra significant.

V- Conceptual Framework

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Figure: 1.1. Conceptual Framework of Research

VI - Research Methodology

The researcher applied descriptive research design and the population of the study is engineering college students studying in colleges affiliated to Anna University. List of colleges offering engineering Programme in Coimbatore district affiliated to Anna university was obtained from the Anna University website. The sample design adopted for the study is systematic random sampling with a total sample size of 400 using scientific formula and 40 respondents from each Institutions of 10 institutions offering MBA programme affiliated to Anna University. The pilot study with 30 samples pretested for questionnaire refinement. The reliability and content validity tested for the questionnaire. The primary data were collected using a structured questionnaire and the questionnaire was self-administered. Statistical tools used for the analysis is frequency analysis ,Anova and Multiple regression analysis. The statistical package for social science –SPSS version 16 were used for analysis.

VII - Data analysis and discussion

1. Demographic analysis

Table 1. Age of the engineering college students

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Table 2. Gender of the engineering college students

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Table 3. Location of the engineering college students

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Table 4. Engineering College Student’s Parent's Occupation

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Table 5. Parent’s Education Qualification

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Table 6. Annual income of parents

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Table 7. Are you willing to take new business as a Job?

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The demographic profile of the respondents collected based on gender, age group, location, parent’s occupation, parent’s educational qualification, entrepreneurship questions, their close associates entrepreneurs and their interest in the entrepreneurial activity.

The above table 1 to 8 inferred that the dominance of male students. There are male students (58%) and the female students (42%) out of all the students. The most of the students falls between the age group of 18-22 and 23-27.The most of students parents are working in Public sector(34.3%) and followed by self-employed parents. The most of the parents are PG Degree qualified(55%) and followed by UG(37.5%), The most of the parents annual income 3L to 5L(44.5%) and followed by Below 3L(29%) and maximum engineering students are willing to take new business as job(59.3%)

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Details

Title
Parental Factors and Perspectives of Engineering Students towards Entrepreneurship
Course
Masters of Business Administration
Grade
A
Author
Year
2020
Pages
16
Catalog Number
V961075
ISBN (eBook)
9783346310316
ISBN (Book)
9783346310323
Language
English
Tags
Entrepreneurial opportunities, Entrepreneurial attitudes, Entrepreneurial environment, Parental factors, Parents occupation and guidance, Business support from parents
Quote paper
Dr. Jose Prabhu Joseph John (Author), 2020, Parental Factors and Perspectives of Engineering Students towards Entrepreneurship, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/961075

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